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Ohio Crop Progress

Corn planting nearing completion, soybeans not far behind

Dry weather and warm temperatures led to much field activity throughout the week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Due to improved weather and drier fields, farmers continued replanting corn and soybeans. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 5 degrees above historical normals and the entire state averaged close to a half inch of precipitation. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 7. In addition to replanting crops, farmers side-dressed corn, sprayed herbicides, baled hay, and spread manure. Topsoil moisture decreased from 30 percent surplus last week to 12 percent surplus this week. Soybean planting progress was 83 percent, 8 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Corn planting progress was 94 percent, ahead of the five year average by 9 percentage points. Sixty-one percent of corn was considered good or excellent and 75 percent of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to 59 percent last year.… Continue reading

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Crop Progress: Winter wheat jointing progresses

Cold temperatures and precipitation didn’t stop farmers from working the fields entirely, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Temperatures averaged 10 degrees cooler than historical normals and the entire State averaged slightly more precipitation last week. There were 1.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 19. Temperatures fell below freezing across most of the State and the lowest temperatures were observed in the west and north. Some northern portions of the State received 3-4 inches of snow. Freezing temperatures burned some winter wheat leaf tips as winter wheat jointing progress was 5 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Freezing temperatures caused fruit growers take preventative freeze measures and to scout for frost injury to budding trees and vines. Anhydrous Ammonia was applied to fields, top dressing of wheat continued, and manure was hauled. Chemical spraying was hampered due to high winds. Alfalfa leaf damage was reported in some hay fields, but damage was not widespread.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Crop Progress – November 9th, 2015

Harvest is virtually completed in Ohio according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio State Statistician of the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending November 8th. Temperatures were well above normal, and limited precipitation yielded ample opportunity to wrap up harvest in most parts of the state. Moisture content of corn was unchanged at 16 percent. Winter wheat, hay, pastures and cover crops are looking better after a welcome rains fell last week throughout the state. On farm activities for last week included fall tillage, manure application, installing tile and fertilizer application.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress – November 2nd, 2015

Harvest is nearing completion in Ohio. There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending November 1st according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio State Statistician of the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Growers were able to continue harvesting their crops this week, and many farmers have reached completion. Moisture content of corn harvested during the week was unchanged at 16 percent and soybean moisture content increased one percentage point to 12 percent. Winter wheat and cover crops are looking better after a welcome rains fell last week throughout the state. On farm activities for last week included fall tillage, manure application, and fertilizer application.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – October 26th, 2015

The dry weather continued to be ideal for grain harvest last week. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending October 25th according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio State Statistician of the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Growers were able to continue harvest at a rapid pace this week due to the dry conditions, many farmers have reached completion. Moisture content of corn fell one point to 16 percent and soybean moisture content remained unchanged at 11 percent. While the dry weather was optimal for harvest, the winter wheat and cover crops need moisture as soil moisture continued to decline, with over half the topsoil and subsoil soil moisture content rated as short to very short. Pastures are drying up, and supplemental feed has been added as well. Some areas of the state noted a deep frost.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – October 19th, 2015

Weather continued to be ideal for grain harvest this week. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending October 18th according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio State Statistician of the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Growers were able to continue harvest at a rapid pace this week due to the dry conditions. Moisture content of corn fell one point to 17 percent and soybean moisture content fell one percent to 11 percent. While the dry weather was good for harvest, the winter wheat needs moisture as soil moisture continued to decline. Pastures could use moisture as well. The October 13th drought monitor showed two abnormally dry spots in Ohio: an area in Northeast Ohio east of I-77 and north of I-70, and a band of Southern Ohio, running from Eastern Brown County, along the River Valley to Southern Gallia County. Some areas saw their first frost this week.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress – October 13th, 2015

Corn and soybean harvest is progressing rapidly, as conditions were ideal for harvest. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending October 11th according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. Moisture content of corn and soybeans have been ideal due to the normal fall temperatures and below average precipitation making harvest go very smoothly, and giving crops time to dry out. Despite a difficult early season, producers appear very happy with the yields they are seeing on their crops, most are noting average to excellent yields. Tillage has continued where harvest is complete.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress – October 5th, 2015

Soybean harvest leaped ahead under favorable conditions, according to the Great Lakes Regional Office of the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.2 days available for fieldwork during the week ending October 4th, mainly between rains that fell at the very beginning and very end of the week. Statewide conditions were wetter and slightly warmer than usual, but most of the rain fell in the southern, southeastern and eastern portions of the state. The rapid progress in the soybean harvest echoes the bounds made in planting that started 21 weeks ago. Grain corn harvest continued, as the silage season has virtually elapsed. The moisture content of corn harvested averaged 20 percent, and the moisture content of soybeans harvested averaged 12 percent. The planting of winter wheat also progressed ahead of the five year average, with many growers seeing windows of precipitation to help germination.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – September 28th, 2015

Corn and soybeans harvesting continued as dry conditions continued and crops matured quickly. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 27th. While corn harvest for grain is just beginning, harvest of corn for silage is nearly finished. Vegetable growers harvested multiple varieties amid ideal harvesting weather. While the dryness aided harvest activities, it had the opposite effect on winter wheat planting and tiling, making it difficult for producers. Hay harvest continued, but fields were showing moisture stress.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress – September 21st, 2015

Continued dry weather this week allowed producers to harvest soybeans and corn in Ohio, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 20th. Soybean and grain corn harvest was largely limited to early planted varieties, while corn silage harvest progressed very quickly. Crop maturity was aided significantly by the warm dry weather. Hay cutting continued as well. Producers also spent the week installing tile.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – September 14th, 2015

A few producers began soybean and corn harvest last week in Ohio, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 13th. Scattered showers helped alleviate the very dry conditions in some regions, while other regions noted very hot and humid conditions leading to crops progressing rapidly. Crop condition ratings remained virtually unchanged. Most producers spent the week mowing hay, chopping corn for silage, tiling, and harvesting specialty crops. Livestock producers were thankful for scattered rains as the pastures greened up a bit from the dry spell they had been experiencing.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – September 8th, 2015

Several weather stations recorded temperatures in the nineties as high temperatures prevailed through the week, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 6th. Scattered showers throughout the week helped combat the hot temperatures causing stress on the crops. Crop condition ratings remained virtually unchanged. Most producers spent the week mowing hay, chopping corn for silage, and spraying for weeds.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – August 31st, 2015

Rain would be welcome in Ohio, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 30th. Statewide soil moisture shortages continue to rise, however crop condition ratings remain virtually unchanged. Some growers noted improvements in crop conditions despite the dry weather, while others said the very dry conditions are becoming a larger concern, particularly where early season wet conditions lead to shallow root systems. Fall-like temperatures are delaying maturity among various crops. Livestock producers have had to supplement with hay as many pastures have been grazed to stubble.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – August 24th, 2015

Fieldwork continued in Ohio, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 23rd. Statewide soil moisture surpluses continue to decline, however, crop condition ratings remain virtually unchanged. Some growers noted improvements in crop conditions despite the sporadic weather, while others said dry conditions are becoming a larger concern. Many county fairs are underway, and producers are hoping to get field chores done so they can spend time with their families.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – August 17th, 2015

Ohio growers experienced a week that was drier and slightly warmer than normal, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 16th. Statewide soil moisture surpluses have declined, but crop condition ratings have stayed largely the same. Weed pressure is high where wet and soft ground hampered control efforts. Some growers noted improvements where recovery efforts were made, while others cited excessively dry conditions as a concern. Recorded rainfall ranged from 0 to 2.55 inches, with most districts seeing some precipitation. This was enough to keep shallow rooted crops going and the state clear of dry spots on the last U.S. Drought Monitor.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – August 10th, 2015

Favorable weather allowed ample time for fieldwork in Ohio, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 9th. A week of dry, sunny weather crop development and hay harvest. Drier conditions have been so prevalent that growers are noticing some signs of stress such as curling in corn. Tobacco growers observed some improvement in their crop, and are getting ready to harvest.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – August 3rd, 2015

Fieldwork is in full swing in Ohio, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 2nd. A week of dry, sunny weather helped to speed up crop development. Conditions favored the baling of hay and straw. Wheat harvest neared completion, but quality issues were widespread. Many who sold wheat dealt with low test weights, sprout, and vomitoxin. Spraying of crops continued where fields had enough potential to make economic sense. The biggest concern for corn at this point is the loss of nitrogen, and shallow root systems that developed when moisture surpluses were prevalent. Growers approached the nitrogen issue with novel methods. Ironically, shallow rooted plants will need regular rainfall to reach their maximum potential. Growers in some areas have already noticed adverse effects from prolonged drier conditions.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – July 27th, 2015

Most of Ohio received relief from the wet and humid weather that has prevailed over most of the season, according the USDA/NASS Great Lakes Regional Office.  There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork.  Warmer temperatures spurred crop development.  Precipitation was lighter and less frequent, and sunny weather favored wheat harvest and baling of straw and hay.  The benefits of rescue efforts such as nitrogen application in corn was apparent.  Growers continued application of fungicides, insecticides and herbicides, resorting to aerial applications in fields to soggy to support equipment.  However, effects of the season to this point continued to appear.  Growers harvesting wheat found sprouting in lodged fields, low test weights, and vomitoxin levels created difficulties in marketing the crop.  Quality of hay harvested was reduced by over maturity, and supply may be an issue this winter.  Many tobacco growers noted loss due mainly to weed pressure and scald.  Corn growth appeared uneven and soybeans looked stunted, especially in hardest hit areas where standing water remains.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – July 20th, 2015

Heavy rains continued last week in Ohio, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. There were 1.6 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending July 19th. Heavy rains once again halted fieldwork, and farmers are reporting more prevented planting acres as well as failed acres. Ponding is apparent throughout the state, and significant flooding has occurred along creeks and rivers. Wheat condition in some areas is very poor, as the heads have been exposed to excessive rainfall for the past several weeks. Some wheat that has been harvested, has had low test weights, high levels of vomitoxin, and very high moisture content. Some wheat has been of such poor quality, it is not able to be sold. In some areas of the state corn and soybeans are both very yellow, and highly stressed.

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – July 13th, 2015

Heavy rains last week once again kept farmers out of fields in Ohio, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. There were 1.8 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending July 12th. Continued rains last week halted fieldwork, and farmers are getting more anxious about the state of their crops. Wheat and hay are over-mature in some areas, and some field crops have ponded areas as well as extensive yellowing. Berry producers have enjoyed the rain, as irrigation hasn’t been necessary but all other producers are extremely concerned. Wheat is ready to be harvested but the overly saturated fields are making it nearly impossible. Elevated scab, vomitoxin, and sprouting levels have been reported. Livestock producers are reporting very muddy pastures, causing joint stress on animals, as well as damage to the fields. Hay quality has plummeted, dry weather and sunshine are needed so farmers can bale dry hay.… Continue reading

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