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Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast — May 2, 2018

oday looks very similar to yesterday. The setup is the same. Strong southwest winds bring temps to above normal levels. Low humidity will bring more drying. This will be the last dry day before our front arrives.

We are leaving our forecast for tomorrow and Thursday entirely unchanged. Rain starts around mid to late morning tomorrow morning as an approaching cold front works into Illinois. However, the front is relatively slow moving, as it still has a couple of pulses of low pressure to move up it through Friday. Scattered showers hold through the rest of tomorrow afternoon and Friday. The best chance for stronger rain and thunderstorms will be overnight tomorrow night, but the threat is minimal at this time. We are putting rain totals at .1”-.9” with coverage at 90%. Thunderstorms look to stay mostly farther north and west up into the thumb of Michigan. We won’t rule them out down in northern Ohio, but think the threat is low.

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Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast — April 24, 2018

o significant changes this morning to our nearby forecasts. We have scattered showers and light rain hanging around through the day today and it will finally be moving away to the east tomorrow morning. We can see additional rain totals of .25”-.5” today in the heaviest areas, and a few hundredths to a tenth or two elsewhere. Rain coverage approaches 70% today.

We turn drier tomorrow as rain leaves the region. Clouds linger over the state through at least the first half of the day, but we should see sunshine eventually win out. We are dry for all of Thursday and the start of Friday as well. Our next front is still on track for late Friday afternoon and evening, but it is showing less moisture as it moves through. Right now we are pulling rain totals back to a few hundredths to .25”, still over 90% of the state. This will be a welcome change, as it really will allow for shorter delays in fieldwork.

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Corn planting date considerations

For much of the Eastern Corn Belt it is widely understood that the optimal planting period is between April 20 and May 10. Research has proven that corn loses yield potential daily when planted after the beginning of May. For the Central Corn Belt, the declines in yield potential due to planting delays vary from about 0.3% per day early in May to about 1% per day by the end of May (Nielsen, 2013).

Knowing that this is true, it can be frustrating during a wet spring or when field work is delayed for one reason or another. Planting is a critical component of a successful crop as it sets the stage for the entire growing season. However, it is important to keep in mind that early planting is just one of many factors that contribute to high yield potential. Planting early favors high yields, but it does not guarantee them and growers should not focus entirely on the calendar.

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Ohio Crop Progress — April 23, 2018

More wet and cold weather passed through Ohio last week keeping many operators out of the fields. There were 1.4 day suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending April 15, according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio State Statistician with the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Confined livestock continued to be stressed during the last cold, wet week. Oats were planted last week at a slower pace compared to the 5-year planted progress average. No reports of corn or soybeans going in the ground as planted progress continued to fall behind recent years due to poor weather conditions. Winter Wheat condition remains similar to last week and is rated mostly good to excellent, despite the weather.

See the full report here

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Ohio Ag Net Podcast | Episode 54 | Farmers Share, Farm Finances, and Farming Indoors

Warm weather brought short sleeves for the 54th episode of the Ohio Ag Net Podcast, brought to you by AgriGold.

Joel Penhorwood talks with Marlee Stollar about the recent Farmers Share event held by the Agricultural Communicators of Tomorrow at Ohio State.

Matt Reese has a conversation about micro greens and indoor farming with Daniel Klemens.

Ty Higgins speaks with Brent Ditmars of Farm Credit Mid-America.

The crew, including Dale Minyo, has more fun in the sun with this week’s podcast.

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Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast — April 23, 2018

Sun to start today, but moisture is moving in a little faster than we had been looking at as we left you last week. We had been looking at action waiting until tomorrow and Wednesday to move across Ohio. Now, we see rains pushing into SW Ohio this afternoon, bringing rain totals up to half an inch. From there, rain spreads north and east through the overnight and tomorrow. Additional rains in that period of .25”-.5” will bring 36 hour totals (through Wednesday morning) to .25”-.1” over 80% of Ohio. This will bring back some field work delays. Combined rain totals will be in the upper part of the range in parts of far southwest and southeast Ohio. The map below shows potential rain totals now through midnight tomorrow night.

Since the action is moving in faster, it is gone faster. We should be dry for most of Wednesday, although clouds will be tough to break up through the morning, and we can’t rule out a lingering shower in far eastern OH.

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When to begin alfalfa weevil scouting

The larvae of alfalfa weevil can cause considerable damage, especially when alfalfa is just starting its growth in the spring. When temperatures are greater than 48oF, the adults become active and start to lay eggs. After hatch, the plump and green larvae (which resemble little worms) feed, with 3rd instar (mid-aged) larvae being the hungriest. The heaviest feeding can occur between 325 and 500 heat units. Right now, the heat units (base 48oF) for the Western Ag Research Station in South Charleston are 98, and for the South Station in Piketon is 175. Scouting for larvae should begin at around 250 heat units.

To scout for larvae, collect a series of three, 10-stem samples randomly selected from various locations in a field. Place the stem tip down in a bucket. After 10 stems have been collected, vigorously shake the stems in the bucket and count the number of larvae that dislodge.

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House Ag Committee looking for long-term farm safety net solution to potential trade damages

In a letter sent to President Donald Trump, 20 members of the U.S. House Agriculture Committee urged the administration to support long-term solutions in the Farm Bill that would ensure an adequate farm safety net for family farmers and ranchers who are enduring a depressed farm economy and threats of retaliatory tariffs on farm products.

National Farmers Union (NFU) President Roger Johnson lauded the letter, noting it mirrors Farmers Union’s call for the administration to work with Congress to develop a Farm Bill that protects family farmers from harm as a result of retaliatory tariffs. Johnson issued the following statement in support of the letter:

“While Farmers Union supports the President’s trade goals to reduce our massive trade imbalance and restore our sovereignty, we’ve grown increasingly concerned that his tactless tactics could put family farmers and ranchers in the crosshairs of a potential trade war. We’ve been urging the administration to work with Congress to develop a Farm Bill that provides an adequate safety net for farmers struggling with low commodity prices.

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Ohio Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) frequently asked questions

Q: What is BQA?
A: Beef Quality Assurance is a nationally coordinated, state implemented program that provides systematic information to U.S. beef producers and beef consumers of how common sense husbandry techniques can be coupled with accepted scientific knowledge to raise cattle under optimum management and environmental conditions.

Q: I’ve never been BQA Certified, why do it now?
A: By 2019 Wendy’s has committed to sourcing beef from only BQA Certified producers and Tyson has pledged to follow suit, also by January 1, 2019. We expect other retailers and packers will do the same. Being BQA Certified will be a producer’s ticket to market access, much like the pork industry.

Q: Who needs to be BQA Certified?
A: Anyone selling beef animals to be harvested for meat. This includes producers of fed beef, dairy beef, cull cows and bulls including dairy cull cows.

Q: What do I need to do to become BQA Certified?

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Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast — April 20, 2018

180420_RyanMartin

Dry weather continues through Monday. Temps will be climbing slightly through the dry stretch, but will not really exceed normal. Most of this is due to the fact that we really do not see any significant south wind over the weekend, and see more easterly flow, which does not promote strong warming. The set up will produce some drying, but time will tell if it is enough. The same can be said about a rise in soil temperatures.

As the narrative has been pretty much all week, the Tuesday-Wednesday period next week really is the major point of consternation in our forecast. Rains look to push farther north on Tuesday into Indiana, but here we see mostly just renegade moisture that may be content to stay in cloud form through Tuesday afternoon. Down near the river, we likely have to allow for scattered showers Tuesday morning but we are reluctant to talk up action of any major intensity father north.

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Marijuana legalization petition rejected

The Ohio Attorney General’s Office rejected the petition for a proposed amendment to the Ohio Constitution to legalize marijuana in Ohio.

On April 9, the Ohio Attorney General’s Office received a written petition to amend the Ohio Constitution, titled the “Marijuana Rights and Regulations Amendment” from the attorney representing the petitioning committee. The summary was rejected for several reasons, including:

  • The summary language giving the General Assembly authority to regulate “marijuana commerce” does not accurately reflect the actual amendment language.
  • The summary omits references in the amendment that “Marijuana businesses shall be lawful only in those voting precincts in which the majority of the voters approved this section.”
  • The summary omits references in the amendment that “The General Assembly shall within 240 days after the effective date enact and enable laws, rules, and regulations consistent with this section.”

“For these reasons, I am unable to certify the summary as a fair and truthful statement of the proposed amendment,” Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine stated in his letter rejecting the petition.

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ODA proposes changes to Ohio’s noxious weeds list

Wild carrot, Oxeye daisy, and wild mustard will no longer be prohibited noxious weeds in Ohio if the Ohio Department of Agriculture’s (ODA) revisions to the noxious weeds list become effective. ODA is proposing to remove the three plants after its five-year review of plant species considered “noxious” for purposes of Ohio law. The agency is also proposing adding these 12 species to the noxious weeds list:

• Yellow Groove Bamboo (Phyllostachys aureasculata), when the plant has spread from its original premise of planting and is not being maintained

• Field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)

• Heart-podded hoary cress (Lepidium draba sub. draba). Hairy whitetop or ballcress (Lepidium appelianum)

• Perennial sowthistle (Sonchus arvensis)

• Russian knapweed (Acroptilon repens)

• Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula)

• Hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

• Serrated tussock (Nassella trichotoma)

• Columbus grass (Sorghum x almum)

• Musk thistle (Carduus nutans)

• Forage Kochia (Bassia prostrata)

• Water Hemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus).

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AgCredit forms Mission Fund

AgCredit — one of northern Ohio’s largest lenders for farmers, rural homeowners and agribusiness — is pleased to announce the formation of the AgCredit Mission Fund.

The Mission Fund will fund AgCredit’s Joe Leiser college scholarship program along with grants to organizations who meet the objective and focus of the fund. The grants will operate on an application-based system within the following four focus areas.

  • Education — Educating young, beginning or future farmers
  • Environment — Maintaining or improving the quality of the rural environment
  • Technology — Supporting the advancement and utilization of technology for the benefit of farmers and rural communities
  • Quality of rural life — Programs, projects or initiatives that enhance the quality of life for farmers and rural communities

Organizations may apply for grants up to $15,000 per year. Beginning in 2018, grant applications will be accepted annually from March 1 to Aug. 31. Proposals will be reviewed by a committee comprised of AgCredit directors, employees and members.

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Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast — April 19, 2018

180419_RyanMartin

Moisture holds on over Ohio through midday today. Clouds will yield scattered light showers, drizzle and even some snowflakes today. The best chance of snow comes in NE Ohio, where we see the coldest temps this morning and we also have some lake interaction. However, temps quickly move to a level to support all drizzle for most of the morning. By early to mid-afternoon everything should be well to our east, and clouds should start to break up We feel that most of the state will see pretty good sunshine potential before sunset. Temperatures are chilly today, but not as cold as earlier in the week. And, we should see some slight improvement from here.

We expect dry weather for all of tomorrow, the weekend, Monday and Tuesday of next week. Models threw a new wrinkle in late yesterday, bringing a stronger system out of the northern plains, across the upper Midwest and into the eastern Corn Belt next Wednesday afternoon.

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Seed is precious

We are off to a rough start again. I saw the pictures on Facebook of replanting.  So I thought I should chime in here about how precious this seed is and what a seed treatment can and cannot do.  In this Eastern Soybean Belt we have a lot of poorly drained soil.  More importantly, we also have a lot of inoculum and a great diversity of watermolds, Pythium and Phytophthora, that can infect both corn and soybeans.  When soils are saturated (like this week), these watermolds will form swimming spores that are attracted to the young seeds and seedlings. Based on the past 10 years of research we only see a benefit of the seed treatments when there is soil saturation, typically 2 inches of rain within 2 weeks of planting.  Sometimes it only takes an inch of rain if the soils are “just fit” and it rains again immediately after planting.

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Bugged by bugs in the house this winter?

If you spent the winter finding multicolored Asian lady beetles on your lampshades and brown marmorated stink bugs on your toaster, there’s bad news and good news.

The bad news, say experts at The Ohio State University, is that Ohio’s colder than normal winter probably didn’t faze the creatures. When the winds blew, snow flew and temperatures fell below zero, they were mostly snug in your attic or walls, sheltered from the storm. That’s why they sneaked in to begin with.

The good news is, with warm weather coming, they’ll be leaving your house to go back outside, and you can take steps to keep them out for good.

“Spring and summer are a good time to bug-proof your home,” said Joe Boggs, entomologist and educator with Ohio State’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES). “I always tell people to go up in their attic with the lights off, so they can look around and see if any light is coming through (from the outside).”

Seeing light coming in where it shouldn’t means there’s a gap, a possible doorway for bugs into your home, he said.

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Low milk prices sending some dairy farmers out of business

Nervous about the dramatic drop in milk prices, Ohio’s dairy farmers are leaving the business at a higher than usual rate.

Every year, some farmers retire and give up their dairy licenses, but there’s been an uptick recently. In March 2018, there were 2,253 licensed dairy farms in Ohio — a drop of 59 farms in five months.

“Farmers are deciding they can no longer dig any deeper into their equity to pay for what I call ‘the privilege of milking cows,’ ” said Dianne Shoemaker, Ohio State University Extension field specialist in dairy production economics.

Profits for milk are low because the price that dairy farmers get paid for their milk has dipped in recent years. In 2014, dairy farmers nationwide basked in high prices. Worldwide demand was high, and the number of cows producing milk was comparatively low. Since then, milk prices have been steadily sliding, as have dairy farmers’ profits.

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House Agriculture Committee Farm Bill markup completed today

The House Agriculture Committee completed its markup of the House farm bill today and reported the bill to the full U.S. House. Despite a robust debate, the Committee made few changes to the bill. Now the bill moves toward the House floor.

“The 2018 Farm Bill is ready for debate and amendments a mere six days after its introduction. A vote by the full House of Representatives is expected to soon follow. This is great news for farmers and ranchers everywhere. H.R. 2 — The Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018 —  takes us one step closer to bringing certainty to families who face the toughest farm economy in more than a decade,” said Zippy Duvall, American farm Bureau Federation president. “We look forward to working with members of both the House and Senate to complete work on a bipartisan, bicameral bill that can be signed into law by the president before the current law expires.”

The National Milk Producers Federation (NMPF) lauded the House Agriculture Committee for approving a draft of the 2018 Farm Bill that contains key dairy policy improvements. 

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