Although long considered a natural fertilizer that can benefit our soils, manure has a history of increased regulation in recent years based on potential impacts to water quality. The following explains how state and federal law regulates the production, storage and application of animal manure in Ohio.
Livestock Environmental Permitting Program
The Ohio Department of Agriculture’s Division of Livestock Environmental Permitting (ODA) administers a permit program for Ohio’s largest confined livestock operations, or Concentrated Animal Feeding Facilities (CAFFs). Ohio Revised Code Chapter 903 and Ohio Administrative Code 901:10 contain the program’s legal provisions.
An owner must obtain a “permit to install” and a “permit to operate” from ODA before operating a CAFF. The permit requirement applies to a CAFF that houses any of the following, at a minimum:
- 700 mature dairy cows
- 2,500 hogs over 55 pounds
- 10,000 baby pigs under 55 pounds
- 82,000 laying hens
- 125,000 pullets or broilers
- 1,000 head of beef animals of any size
- 500 horses
- 10,000 sheep or lambs
- 55,000 turkeys.