Home / Livestock (page 40)

Livestock



What is the nutrient value of 2015 hay?

Each year as May and June arrives most cow/calf owners are making hay in preparation for their livestock’s winter forage needs. The 2015 season was no exception.

Producers watched weather forecasts looking for those three-day windows of opportunity to get their hay cut, dry and baled. As usual, there were a few chances near the end of May and maybe one or two windows in early June to make hay, but then precipitation seemed to occur almost daily. The wettest June on record was recorded in 2015, according to some local weather stations, and the rainy weather pattern continued for more than a month. This caused the majority of Ohio farmers’ first cutting hay to be made in late July and August.

Many years of data and forage tests are available that show how the quality of a forage, such as hay, decline as the plants become more mature. A series of forage tests from two eastern Ohio studies, conducted several years apart and in different locations, indicate nearly identical results.

Continue reading

Read More »

Hereford Futurity results

Hereford breeders from Ohio and surrounding states gathered Sunday September 27th, 2015, at the Guernesy Co. Fairgrounds in Old Washington, Ohio. The Buckeye Hereford Association hosted the annual event showcasing Ohio bred seedstock. Judge Lowell Midla of Marysville, Ohio evaluated the entries and complemented the breeders on breeding an excellent set of cattle. Prior to the show a complimentary meal was provided for the breeders and spectators by the Switzerland of Ohio Polled Hereford Association.

2015 Ohio Hereford Futurity Champions

Grand Champion Bull: GVF 10Y Homerun 41B, September 2014 bull sired by NJW 73S W18 Hometown 10Y, bred and owned by Green Valley Farm, Sarahsville, Ohio.

 

Reserve Champion Bull: CVF Z79 Mohican P7C, March 2015 bull sired by Mohican Upnorth Z245 bred by Mohican Farms, Glenmont, Ohio and owned by Carmel Valley Farms, Racine, Ohio.

 

Grand Champion Female: Creek o39X 10Y Viola 502, a January 2015 heifer sired by NJW 73S W18 Hometown 10Y, bred and owned by Creek Bottom Farms, Navarre, Ohio.

Continue reading

Read More »

Livestock producers urging quick action on livestock mandatory price reporting law

The National Pork Producers Council is urging President Obama to quickly sign into law legislation reauthorizing the livestock mandatory price reporting law. The current statute is set to expire Sept. 30.

The law requires meat packers to report to the U.S. Department of Agriculture the prices they pay for cattle, hogs and lambs and other information. USDA publishes twice-daily reports with information on pricing, contracting for purchase, supply and demand conditions for livestock, livestock production and livestock products.

“America’s pork producers urge President Obama to sign into law this important legislation, which provides producers and meat packers transparent, accurate and timely national market information to make knowledge-based business decisions about selling and buying hogs,” said NPPC President Dr. Ron Prestage, a veterinarian and pork producer from Camden, S.C.

The reauthorization legislation, which the House approved after the Senate sent a slightly different measure than the one the lower chamber passed in June, includes new provisions sought by the U.S.

Continue reading

Read More »

Proper cow culling is important to your business

There is great variability in the longevity of beef cows. Data from large ranches in Florida would indicate that cows are consistent in the rebreeding performance through about 8 years of age. A small decline was noted as cows aged from 8 to 10 years of age. However the most consistent decline in reproductive performance was noted after cows were 10 years of age. A steeper decline in reproductive performance was found as they became 12 years of age. In other words, start to watch for reasons to cull a cow at about age 8. By the time she is 10, look at her very closely and consider culling; as she reaches 12 year, plan to cull her before she gets health problems or in very poor body condition.

 

Examine the eye health of the cows

One of the leading causes of condemned beef carcasses is still “cancer-eye” cows. Although the producers are doing a much better job in recent years of culling cows before “cancer-eye” takes its toll, every cow manager should watch the cows closely for potentially dangerous eye tumors.

Continue reading

Read More »

Ohio Cattlemen’s BEST Program accepting novice sponsorship applications

The Ohio Cattlemen’s Association (OCA) BEST program has teamed up with sponsoring partner, Weaver Livestock, to get new youth involved with the OCA BEST program. A Novice sponsorship, which will cover OCA membership ($60 value) and BEST nomination fee ($45 per head), is being offered. This sponsorship will be awarded to a maximum of 50 Novice participants for this year’s BEST show season.

Any 8-21 year old cattle enthusiast that is participating in their first or second year of the BEST program may submit an application and essay for the Novice sponsorship. Applications and more information can be found at www.ohiocattle.org. Applications must be postmarked by October 15 and Novice sponsorship recipients will be notified by November 15, prior to the first BEST show.

The BEST (Beef Exhibitor Show Total) program is a youth development program, established in 1999 and coordinated by OCA.  The program recognizes Ohio’s junior beef exhibitors through a series of sanctioned steer and heifer shows held throughout Ohio that include showmanship competitions.

Continue reading

Read More »

Eastern medicine techniques from a western Ohio veterinarian

Taking a steer to the chiropractor may raise some eyebrows in some circles and hauling a hog to an acupuncture appointment may sound rather silly to some, but these are important methods of animal care for the business of veterinarian Ronald Anders of County Animal Clinic in Coldwater. He has found success with eastern medicine here in the western world.

Anders gained a reputation in recent years for his practice of holistic medicine in animals both large and small. His work has even spanned into the livestock show world where he has found particular success. He has worked on more than a few of the grand and reserve champion cattle and swine at the Ohio State Fair in recent years, as well as other successful show animals at other livestock expositions around the country.

Livestock producers seek Anders out for his insights into solutions to issues that, he says, traditional medicine just cannot tackle.

Continue reading

Read More »

Challenging situations on both ends of the river in water quality struggle

Secret fishing spots are guarded more closely than cherished family recipes. Instead of the corn and soybean markets, they talk about the walleye catch and the perch numbers. Instead of high dollar tractors, they buy bigger, better boats.

For the people around Lake Erie, that productive blue green expanse on Ohio’s northern border is their life, food, water, career, heritage, recreation, and home. In short, is sort of like your farm is to you.

So, when the people of Lake Erie see their way of life marred by a slick, poisonous green nightmare, it is not something they take lightly. Then they see the convincing (and legitimate) numbers of extensive water quality monitoring pointing squarely to agriculture as a leading culprit. They don’t take that lightly, either.

Toxic algae need phosphorus (P) to grow, and while there is still room for debate about the exact contributions of various sources, there is no doubt that agriculture is one of the culprits sending P down the river to the lake — from your farms to theirs.

Continue reading

Read More »

Beef Industry Update Meeting to be held in Morgan County

The Ohio Cattlemen’s Association (OCA) will be hosting a Beef Industry Update Meeting Oct. 5, 2015.  OCA Allied Industry Council member, Multimin USA, is the title sponsor of the meeting. Their sponsorship will provide a complimentary New York Strip steak dinner to all of the attendees at the meeting.

The October 5 meeting will be hosted by the Morgan County Cattlemen’s Association. The meeting will be held at the Riecker Building Community Room, 155 E. Main Street, McConnellsville, Ohio 43756 at 6 p.m.

The meeting is open to all beef producers and will feature Dr. Robert Gentry, veterinarian and researcher with Multimin USA, as the speaker. He will be discussing how to enhance your herd’s performance with Multimin USA’s trace mineral program. Prior to Dr. Gentry, there will be an OCA membership and policy update.

Contact the Ohio Cattlemen’s Association at 614-873-6736 or email beef@ohiobeef.org for more information about the industry update meetings or to RSVP.

Continue reading

Read More »

Retaining cattle ownership in the midst of declining prices

Under normal market conditions, it can be profitable for cow-calf producers to wean and background their calves in the fall. Historically, feeder cattle prices dip in early fall when many producers choose to market their calves before bouncing back to higher levels in the late fall and early winter months.

Producers who wean and background their calves during this time frame are often able to ride out the seasonal price slump and take advantage of this cycle in normal years. Is that still the best strategy if the market is in the midst of a price decline that is not expected to fully recover? Some larger producers may be able to use the futures markets to hedge and “lock in” a profitable price with only basis risk, but many smaller producers are not easily afforded this luxury.

So what happens upon closer examination of a few price scenarios? First of all, assume that a producer will want to wean now and will continue to grow the calves for 90 days.

Continue reading

Read More »

Revolutionary method for reducing methane emissions in dairy cows

Dairy cows and other ruminants such as beef cows, sheep, goats, deer and buffalo are capable of fermenting and digesting the cellulose contained in grass. Cows have four compartments to their stomach. The first is called the rumen. It is a giant fermentation vat capable of converting many indigestible fiber sources such as grass and plants to meat and milk. The other compartments include the hardware stomach (reticulum) which traps metal if inadvertently swallowed, the omasum for water absorption and the abomasum, the true stomach similar to ours. Because of this unique characteristic of the ruminant GI tract, these animals are a huge asset to society because of the grass and food byproducts that are readily consumed to be converted into food.

Forty-five percent of the U.S. is comprised of grasslands that aren’t usable for food production. Cows and other ruminants grazing these grasslands convert grass and other plants to high quality protein and energy that are nutritious for humans in the form of meat and milk.

Continue reading

Read More »

2016 Dairy Margin Protection Program decision time-clock winding down

The clock is winding down for dairy farmers to sign up for the 2016 Dairy Margin Protection Program.  Instituted as part of the 2014 Farm Bill, the Dairy Margin Protection Program replaced the Milk Income Loss Contract (MILC) program and the $9.90 minimum Class III support price programs for US dairy farmers.

The sign-up period for 2016 participation opened July 1 and is scheduled to run through September 30, 2015. With this “regularly scheduled” sign-up period, farmers now have to make their decisions a full quarter before the coverage period of January 1 through December 31, 2016. The 2014/2015 sign-up was uniquely late (September 2nd through December 19th) due to the time needed to establish rules for the program following the 2014 Farm Bill’s passage, and deadline extensions.

The advantage of that later sign-up was that we had a better feel for what 2015 might look like than we will have for 2016 when the coverage decisions have to be locked in by September 30th.

Continue reading

Read More »

Proposed changes to scrapie regulations

The Federal Register notice proposing changes to the scrapie regulations by USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service was posted last week. Items recommended to be amended include changing the risk groups and categories established for individual animals and for flocks; increasing the use of genetic testing as a means of assigning risk levels to animals; reducing movement restrictions for animals found to be genetically less susceptible or resistant to scrapie; and simplifying, reducing or removing certain recordkeeping requirements.

APHIS is also proposing to provide designated scrapie epidemiologists more alternatives and flexibility when testing animals in order to determine flock designations under the regulations. A change to the definition of high-risk animal is recommended, which will change the types of animals eligible for indemnity and to pay higher indemnity for certain pregnant ewes and early maturing ewes.

The proposed changes also make the identification and recordkeeping requirements for goat owners consistent with those for sheep owners.

Continue reading

Read More »

Push for immigrant reform continues

Half of all workers on U.S. dairy farms are immigrants, and the damage from losing those workers would extend far beyond the farms, nearly doubling retail milk prices and costing the total U.S. economy more than $32 billion, according to a new report commissioned by the National Milk Producers Federation.

The report, which includes the results of a nationwide survey of farms, found that one-third of all U.S. dairy farms employ foreign-born workers, and that those farms produce nearly 80% of the nation’s milk.

It concluded that a complete loss of immigrant labor could cause the loss of one-in-six dairy farms and cut U.S. economic output by $32.1 billion, resulting in 208,000 fewer jobs nationwide. Some 77,000 of the lost jobs would be on dairy farms.

Retail milk prices, the report said, would increase 90% if all immigrant labor was lost. That would drive the supermarket price of a gallon of milk, which averaged $3.37 in June, to approximately $6.40.

Continue reading

Read More »

Master in Animal Sciences graduate degree offered at OSU

The Department of Animal Sciences at The Ohio State University is offering a new Master in Animal Sciences graduate degree. This program is different from a typical Master of Sciences (MS) in that research is not required and it is a non-thesis program. Acceptance into the program is similar to the other graduate programs in that an application must be submitted to the OSU Graduate School (http://gradsch.osu.edu/), and after its review, the application is forwarded to the Graduate Studies Committee in the Department of Animal Sciences for review. Requirements include a minimum of 3.0 GPA and a Graduate Records Examination score of at least 300. Admission decisions also are determined by availability of space in the program, availability of an advisor, and their area of interest.

Students accepted into the program must complete a minimum of 35 credit hours, complete a final exam in the form of either a comprehensive written exam, professional project, research proposal, or a culminating paper, and present an exit seminar.

Continue reading

Read More »

Dairy price outlook

  • What is ahead for the markets?
  • How much safety in the Margin Protection Program (MPP) safety net?
  • MPP margin forecast for 2015-2016

As I write this, the market focus in squarely on the international markets.  Right at this moment, the turmoil in the U.S. equity market driven by concerns over the economic prospects for China is paramount.  Economic growth rate for China has slowed from double digits to around 7%.  While the rest of the developed countries would love a 7% growth rate, this is a much reduced level for China which needs a rate of economic growth in the range of 10 to 12% to manage its huge economy.  The equity market in China has declined by 35%.  Troubles with the China economy are certainly causing troubles for the rest of the world economies and only time will tell how this will all play out for the rest of us.

Continue reading

Read More »

Sheep with a dangerously overgrown fleece gets life-saving shear

Luckily, an Australian Merino sheep that had likely wandered from his flock five or six years ago and had never been shorn was spotted by a concerned hiker who raised the alarm by contacting the Australian Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

With hooves that were barely visible and eyes mostly covered, the animal was the size of a refrigerator and the color of dirty snow. It was a matter of life and death — this sheep needed a haircut. The gigantic sheep, named “Chris,” who was found outside Canberra, could barely walk. His wool had grown to four to five times the normal amount of wool for a merino sheep, resulting in some serious health problems. Besides being partially blinded by the wool flopping into his eyes, his hooves were damaged from carrying the weight of all that extra wool. He also had skin burns from urine trapped in his fleece.

Continue reading

Read More »

Schwab in the running for America’s Pig Farmer of the Year

The National Pork Board created the America’s Pig Farmer of the Year contest in order to recognize the best in pig farming. This prestigious honor is awarded annually to the pig farmer who demonstrates and lives by the We Care ethical principles. Lauren Schwab from Butler County is 

representing Ohio in this national effort.

“I want to share my experience as a farmer with consumers and further their understanding of how farmers produce food,” Schwab said. “It’s important to actively engage with consumers on a large scale and tell our story.”

Lauren Schwab proudly works as a second-generation farmer on the 230-acre farm founded in 1977 by her father, Jeff. The farrow-to-wean farm is home to 12 independent barns that house 1,100 sows. The modern barns provide the proper environment for the sows, which are individually cared for and observed daily to assess their needs. The sows produce about 30,000 piglets a year, which are then sold to other farmers for finishing.

Continue reading

Read More »

OCA holds successful roundup in Mercer County

Cattlemen from across the state gathered in Mercer County August 28 and 29 to attend the Ohio Cattlemen’s Association Roundup.

The event started off Friday evening at Romer’s Catering and Event Facility in Celina, Ohio. There were over 25 exhibits featuring Allied Industry Council members and Roundup sponsors. Keith Faber, President of the Ohio Senate; Representative Brian Hill, Chair of the Ohio House Agriculture and Rural Development Committee; and Representative Tony Burkley of the Ohio House 82nd District were all in attendance.

Colin Woodall, Vice President of Government Affairs for the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA), was the featured speaker for the evening. He touched on many of the issues that NCBA is currently working on in Washington D.C., including Waters of the United States (WOTUS), trade and Country of Origin Labeling.

The evening concluded with a PAC auction to benefit NCBA. Several great items were auctioned, including an OSU Basketball game suite, OSU vs.

Continue reading

Read More »

2015 Ohio State Fair Commercial Cattle Show results

The 2015 Ohio State Fair Commercial Cattle Show participants exhibited 17 pens of three for a total of 51 head of commercial steers and heifers on August 2, 2015 during the fair. Judging the event were John Adams, Feed Sales Director with Trupointe Cooperative, and Tony Reed, cattle buyer for JBS. The show was managed by United Producers, Inc. and the Ohio Cattlemen’s Association served as a sponsor.

Fred Voge of West Alexandria, Ohio, exhibited the Overall Grand Champion Lot of 3, which was also named the Champion Lot of 3 Steers, along with the Overall Reserve Grand Champion Lot of 3 which was also named the Champion Lot of 3 Heifers. The Reserve Champion Lot of 3 Heifers also went to Fred Voge.

Winning the Reserve Champion Lot of 3 Steers was Phelps/O’Connor Farms Limousin of Belle Center, Ohio.

Winners of the live show received premiums of more than $5,000 from the Ohio State Fair.

Continue reading

Read More »

World Dairy Expo deadline approaching quickly

World Dairy Expo is right around the corner and the deadline for dairy cattle entries is fast approaching. All entries must be submitted by midnight (CDT) on Monday, Aug. 31, 2015 to avoid late fees. Paper entries must be postmarked by that date as well. Late entries will be accepted until the day of the show at an increased rate (online late entries close Sept. 13, 2015).

Entry forms are available online through the Dairy Cattle Entry System or for print on the Expo website. Additional entry information, schedule of events, rules and changes/additions can be found in the Premium book, available on the Expo website.

Display booth space, end-cap display, stalling requests, discounted exhibitor passes, 2018 Futurity entries, 2016 judge nominations and Dairy Cattle Exhibitor Committee representative nomination forms can all be found on the online entry system as well. Youth fitting and showmanship contest entries may also be submitted.

Continue reading

Read More »