As we all know too well, farming incomes can fluctuate from year to year depending on yields, market conditions, and of course in Ohio, the weather. In certain years a farmer could have large profits subject to higher tax rates and the following year have a loss or little profit that results in a minimal tax liability. Due to the uncertain variables that affect farming, farmers should consider using farm income averaging.
What is Farm Income Averaging (FIA)?
Farm income averaging (FIA) is a tax management tool that can be elected after the end of the tax year. In simple terms, farm income averaging allows you to spread a certain amount of your farm income over three years. If you are in a higher tax bracket in the current year and the three preceding years in a lower tax bracket, you will be able to reduce this year’s federal tax liability.