The crew from the I-71 leg of the 2015 Ohio Crop Tour recap what they saw in 10 counties from Medina to Licking counties on Day #1. The average yield for the day was 175 bushels per acre.
All of the rain during May, June, and July continues to impact the soybean crop in some areas of the state during 2015 in Ohio. Surveys of our plots and some scouting in the lower canopy have turned up some surprises and some we expected.
- Sclerotinia stem rot – Over the next two weeks we will begin to see above canopy symptoms. Stem lesions are now evident in some of our historic white mold fields below the canopy. With Sclerotinia, white fluffy mycelium is evident on the stem, while leaves turn a gray-green and stay on the plant. Photo: White mold on soybeans
- Sudden death syndrome (SDS) –We received several samples and calls last week on susceptible varieties. The plants showed the classic yellow spots between the veins on the leaves which will then turn brown. (Photo:Sudden Death Syndrome on soybeans ) Symptoms on leaves will continue to progress and eventually the leaflets will drop from the plants leaving the petioles attached.
Five years ago a lot of the ground was left bare during winter without any cover crops. Recent surveys have indicated that the number of farmers using cover crops in the Corn Belt states is increasing every year.
Many benefits of cover crops have been reported but a major advantage has not been emphasized. While scouting corn fields during the last three years, I have noticed fewer disease lesions of fungal diseases like Northern Corn Leaf Blight (NCLB) and Gray Leaf Spot (GLS) in fields following cover crops than those following corn or even soybeans. The disease lesions were more prevalent even on fields where corn was grown two years ago in a corn-beans rotation.
I scouted some corn fields near Batesville, Indiana in the last three years and saw several fields with NCLB and GLS where cover crops were not used. However, less than 20 miles away where Marshall Alford has been using cover crops for many years, I had hard time finding any disease lesions on hybrids with exactly the same genetics.
A three-hour fertilizer application certification program for any applicator that does not have a pesticide license will be offered on August 27, 2015 from 8:45 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at Dulls Homestead, Inc. at 10404 National Rd, Brookville, Ohio 45309. The morning will include topics on phosphorus and nitrogen recommendations, soil sampling, assessing nitrogen usage of corn in the field and looking at timing and placement of manure applications for maximized economic return. Certified Crop Advisor (CCA) and Ohio Certified Livestock Manager (CLM) credits will be available. Pre-registration is preferred and you can register by calling the Miami County OSU Extension office at 937-440-3945 or the Montgomery County OSU Extension office at 937-224-9654 x109 or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Agricultural fertilizer applicator certification is required for farmers who apply fertilizer to more than 50 acres of agricultural production grown primarily for sale. Farmers who have their fertilizer applied by co-ops or custom applicators are not required to be certified.
Presented by: Agro-Culture Liquid Fertilizers
Corn Summary: For the initial stop of the 2015 Ohio Crop Tour for the I-71 route we found a decent corn field. The only thing that will hurt this field’s potential is the 23,000 population. You will also see in the pictures below that there were some spots that were a little more wet over the growing season and those ears were still developing due to a later planting date. Disease was seldom seen here with a little gray leaf spot below the ear.
Presented by: Agro-Culture Liquid Fertilizers
Williams County (Southern)
Corn Summary: Looks like the field was initially wet early in the season then things dried out. There was some N deficiency and more disease pressure on the outside of the field, though overall low disease levels. The fields was at R2 as it had a late start. The field is fair but pretty good compared to surrounding fields, but it is awfully late. It will make a crop but it will be wet and has a ways to go.
To get a preview of what to expect this harvest season, the Ohio Ag Net and Ohio’s Country Journal team will once again go on the I-75/I-71 Ohio Crop Tour presented by Agro-Culture Liquid Fertilizers. On the tour, two teams of farmers, agronomists and OCJ/OAN staff will be crisscrossing I-75 and I-71 reporting crop conditions and yield estimates on August 12 and 13. The teams start in the north in Williams and Medina Counties and meet at the end in Clinton County. Over the two days, each team will sample a representative corn and soybean field in 20 counties (for a total of 40 counties over the two days).
The groups will be estimating yields and overall conditions for corn fields and the conditions and yield potential of soybean fields. We will be updating the results on the go online at ocj.com, so check back regularly on our progress. Coverage will also include photos, videos and radio broadcasts of tour highlights.
It’s been a year since a harmful algal bloom in the Western Lake Erie Basin (WLEB) was brought to national attention when the City of Toledo’s water supply was shut down due to toxins entering its water intake. Record-setting rainfall leading up to the hottest days of summer this year has renewed concerns regarding the quality of Ohio’s rivers, lakes and streams, with forecasts for the bloom to surge in the Great Lake.
A variety of potential contributors have been cited for the blooms, including sewage overflow and malfunctioning septic systems, among others. But nutrient runoff from farm fields has drawn the most attention. Phosphorus-based fertilizer is an elemental nutrient needed to help crops grow, but in recent years has made its way into nearby waters after heavy rains.
“Though less phosphorus is being applied with increasing efficiency, farmers and agribusinesses in the Western Lake Erie Basin recognize their responsibility to go further to find a solution,” said Chris Henney, president and CEO of the Ohio AgriBusiness Association (OABA).
The Precision Agriculture Day: Combine and Drone Technology will be held Friday, August 21, 2015 at the Champaign County Fairgrounds in Urbana, OH. This event will feature presentations on decision agriculture, aerial imagery, utilizing field data, nutrient management, My John Deere and MyShed-Case IH.
Some of the presenters include John Fulton, the new OSU specialist in precision ag technology, Ohio Farm Bureau, Integrated Ag Services, and a panel of farmers utilizing aerial imagery technology. Demonstrations from Case IH, John Deere, and Lexion dealers on combine setup for harvest will take place in the afternoon. Live drone flying demonstrations will also occur during the day.
We also have several agribusinesses participating in the trade show. Those currently include Ecojiva, Heritage Cooperative, Integrated Ag Services/Ag Leader, Jamon Sellman Insurance Agency, Koenig Equipment, Ohio Ag Equipment, Scale-Tec, Tri-County Insurance Services LLC, and 3D Aerial.
This regional event is open to the public and was organized by the OSU Extension office and Farm Bureau office in Champaign County.
There are likely as many varied opinions on the validity and the accuracy of the Tri-State Fertilizer Recommendations as there are farms and soil types. No matter what that opinion may be from field to field, it is hard to deny that the document has had an incredible impact on crop production in Ohio.
“The Tri-State Fertilizer Recommendations for corn, soybeans, wheat, and alfalfa were first published in 1995,” said Steve Culman, assistant professor of soil fertility at the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center and state Extension specialist in soil fertility. “It was the culmination of 40 years of calibrated field studies. They calibrated fertilizer rates with agronomic response. The idea is that it is a self-contained document that looks at the three macronutrients in our agronomic crops. For phosphorus and potassium it looks at soil test levels and the probability of seeing a yield response. This is a precursor to the 4 Rs in many ways.
Soil health and water quality will be two focal points of the 2015 Ohio No-till Field Day on Sept. 2.
The event will take place from 8:45 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. at the Dan Batdorf farm, 9291 Rt. 48 (North), Covington, in western Miami County, and will feature a variety of exhibitors and speakers on a wide range of no-till topics.
Attending the field day will be Jason Weller, chief of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service in Washington, D.C., who will speak briefly about his agency’s emphasis on soil health and plans to attend the event all day.
Among the presentations will be “Microbes at Work” by David Lamm, USDA-NRCS, Greensboro, N.C., who will focus on an examination of the below-ground benefits of cover crops, including how microbes can improve soil quality.
“No-till and cover crops can help emulate the ecosystem functions of natural prairies,” Lamm said.
A conversation with…
Amanda Stacy and Kristi Kress Wilhelmy with Barrett, Easterday, Cunningham & Eselgroth LLP
OCJ: The Ohio Supreme Court recently ruled on a case involving metal grain bins and taxes. What is the background of the case?
Amanda and Kristi: The Metamora Elevator Company (“the Company”) filed complaints with the Fulton County Board of Revision after the county auditor assessed its metal grain bins as real property, requiring the Company to pay real estate taxes for the metal grain bins. The Fulton County Board of Revision upheld the auditor’s assessment, agreeing that the metal grain bins should be taxed as real property. The Company appealed to the Board of Tax Appeals which reversed, finding that the metal grain bins were personal property and should not be assessed as real property. The Fulton County Auditor and the Fulton County Board of Revision then appealed to the Ohio Supreme Court (Metamora Elevator Company v.
It’s been one year since a massive algae bloom in Lake Erie contaminated the drinking water of more than 500,000 Ohio residents. Since that time, we’ve seen an increase in legislative actions and governmental commitments to reduce fertilizer runoff. Yet the harmful algae that showed up last summer have bloomed again. This summer’s catastrophic rains have caused farm fields to flood, sending fertilizer into Lake Erie. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, this year’s algae bloom could be the second largest on record.
Nutrient efficiency and soil health practices can create a powerful antidote to Lake Erie’s bloom and doom cycle. But farmers need more support and guidance in making changes on their farm. And they need to know that these practices won’t reduce yields.
That’s why an innovative platform called SUSTAIN is taking off. SUSTAIN provides agricultural retailers with training on the best tools and practices for reducing fertilizer runoff and increasing soil health — but also focuses on maintaining productivity.
The Ohio Soybean Council (OSC) will be conducting a Board of Trustees election for District 9 from August 3 – 17, 2015. District 9 consists of the following counties: Delaware, Marion, Morrow and Union.
To be eligible to vote in the election, soybean farmers must reside in one of the counties within district 9 and must be engaged in the growing of soybeans, owned or shared ownership and risk of loss of soybeans anytime during the three year period immediately preceding November 15, 2015.
Soybean farmers casting ballots must fill out in entirety the Application for Ballot and the Ballot for Election. Both of these forms must be postmarked and mailed to the Ohio Department of Agriculture by August 17, 2015 and received by ODA by August 21, 2015. ODA will serve as the teller for this election and all voters will be kept anonymous.
Ballots for the election will be available for pick-up August 3 – 17, 2015 from County Extension Offices in the four counties in District 9 (see list below).
The 2015 Ohio Manure Science Review (MSR) will be held in Darke County on Wednesday August 12 at Mississinawa Valley High School, 10480 Staudt Road, in Union City, Ohio, close to the border with Indiana. The MSR is an educational program designed for those involved in any aspect of manure handling, management, or utilization. The MSR consists of both classroom style presentations and field demonstrations of manure equipment. Registration opens at 8:15 am and the program begins at 8:45 am. The afternoon field demos conclude at 4:00 pm.
This year’s MSR will focus on aspects of manure management related to limiting the chance of manure nutrients to reach lakes and streams. Topics that will be covered in the morning program include: Ohio’s new rules that limit manure application on snow-covered and frozen ground; lessons learned from the March 2015 application of manure on deep snow; emergency planning 101 for when spills occur; nutrient movement: data from edge of field studies; and the most recent data from university research on expanding the manure application window.
The potential market for so-called “superfruits” in Ohio could offer growers an additional income stream thanks to increasingly health-conscious consumers and ongoing research that finds these plants can grow well in the Buckeye state.
That’s according to a fruit crop expert with theCollege of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at The Ohio State University, who said that based on research trials of elderberry, aronia berry and Chinese goji berry plants at Ohio State’s South Centers in Piketon, the berries are a viable option for Ohio growers.
Fruits such as these, which are also known as “super berries” because of their nutrition quotient, including a rich antioxidant content, are growing well in the research trials, said Gary Gao, an Ohio State University Extension specialist and associate professor of small fruit crops. OSU Extension is the college’s outreach arm.
The Superberry Project is funded by a specialty crop block grant from the U.S.
As our soybean begins to develop flowers and pods, we need to be aware of stink bugs that will begin feeding. Although more common in the southern US, we have been noticing more stink bugs in soybean the past few years, even some fields where economic damage was seen.
There are several species, including the green, the brown, the red-shouldered and the brown marmorated stink bug. These insects have piercing/sucking mouthparts similar to aphids, and will pierce through the pod to feed on the developing seed. Damaged seed are often flat, shriveled, wrinkled or completely aborted. Over the next few months, we will begin to see stink bugs move into soybean, and now is a good time to begin scouting.
To sample for stink bugs, take 5 sets of 10 sweeps. An average of 4 stink bugs per set of 10 indicates an economic population. We are interested in gathering information on stink bug species distribution across the state and will begin our surveys this week.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced the expansion of crop insurance to provide additional options for fruit and nut producers. The Supplemental Coverage Option (SCO) and the Actual Production History (APH) Yield Exclusion are now available to cover fresh fruit in select Ohio counties beginning with the 2016 crop year.
“In a number of counties in Ohio producers are growing apples, grapes and tomatoes and are wondering if they will have the same opportunity to manage their risk as corn and soybean producers. I am pleased to say they will have that opportunity. We are extending in 12 counties in Ohio for apples, three counties for grapes and 11 counties for tomatoes the opportunity to sign up for the SCO for coverage,” said Tom Vilsack, USDA Secretary. “This allows them to go above and beyond traditional crop insurance coverage option and gives them more production.”
This is in addition to the alfalfa seed, canola, cultivated wild rice, dry peas, forage production, grass seed, mint, oats, onions, and rye that were recently made available for 2016 as well.
Most of us have reduced fertilizer inputs as crop prices have gone down and this is documented by reduced phosphorus fertilizer sales. But still, I am often asked about issues of phosphorus from an agriculture and water quality standpoint, “Is rate the only concern?”
Rate, and more appropriately soil test level, is important from a water quality standpoint. If we are at a soil test level that does not require any fertilizer application, perhaps 35% of our fields, then risk of loss is reduced to whatever background levels are coming from the soil. If the soil test is in an agronomic range (15-40 ppm Bray P1), water concentration of Total P in runoff is 0.5 ppm or less. If soil test levels are four to five times agronomic levels, however we can see this produce a runoff concentration of 1 ppm or more.
Recently applied P is subject to loss based on the timing, source and placement during the nutrient application.
The 2015 Ohio State Fair is underway and Ohio soybean farmers invite fairgoers to have fun, learn more about soybeans and meet some of the men and women who grow them. The Ohio Soybean Council (OSC) and soybean checkoff are presenting sponsors of the fair, as well as presenting sponsors of the 2015 Junior Livestock Shows, the O’Neill Swine Building, Voinovich Livestock and Trade Center and Rabbit & Poultry Pavilion.
The Ohio Soybean Farmers’ booth in the Nationwide Donahey Ag and Hort building will feature a virtual reality tour of soybean fields and the Ohio River to highlight soybean exports and international markets. There will also be an opportunity for friends and family to race each other in a mechanical pig race, showcasing animal agriculture, the number one customer of soybeans.
“We are very excited about the 2015 Ohio State Fair and proud to be a presenting sponsor once again,” said Patrick Knouff, OSC Chairman and Shelby County soybean farmer.