Home / Crops (page 40)

Crops



Knipp Farms preserving history and farmland as an Ohio Century Farm

If you were to ask Daryl Knipp at what age he started farming, he wouldn’t be able to tell you.

“One of my earliest memories was riding in the truck with my dad when I was a little boy, taking a load of tomatoes to the processing plant,” Knipp said. “I was his shadow and followed him around for as long as I can remember.”

Agriculture is all that Knipp has ever known. This makes sense, seeing as how the Knipp family has been in the farming business for over a century now. Knipp Farms Inc. in Sandusky County is an Ohio Century Farm, a program sponsored by the Ohio Department of Agriculture, to recognize and honor Ohio family farms’ heritage. Daryl and his wife Cate currently live on and operate the farm.

“My great-grandfather, Henry Knipp, is the one who originally purchased 134 acres here in Lindsey in 1913,” Knipp said.

Continue reading

Read More »

Non-GMO corn production and purity concerns

As fall approaches and growers prepare to harvest corn, it is a good time for a reminder about the challenges of producing NON-GMO corn, many of which occur during harvest, handling, and storage of grain.

Many corn growers in the Eastern Corn Belt produce NON-GMO corn attempting to capture an additional premium. Depending on the contracting elevator, standard GMO contamination allowances are typically from 0% to 1%. Producing NON-GMO corn within the acceptable tolerances of GMO contamination is possible; however, there are several challenges and potential pitfalls that make production of 100% pure NON-GMO corn a tremendous undertaking and can keep growers from capturing a premium for their corn. Planting NON-GMO seed does not necessarily mean the harvested shelled corn will be NON-GMO free. Test’s used by elevators to determine if GMO’s are present may not be 100% accurate, but they are a determining factor as to whether a load will be accepted.

Continue reading

Read More »

Temperature effects on soybean growth

Poling_KyleNo growing season is ever going to be perfect, but with only about 10% of the days during July and August above 86 degrees F, the daytime highs have been favorable for soybean growth in Ohio. If air temperature exceeds 85 degrees F, soybeans will experience heat stress that can impact yield potential. This is often compounded by a lack of soil moisture. Heat stress can result in a decreased number of pods set, while temperatures above 99 degrees F severely limit pod formation.

Because of their long flowering period, soybeans can often compensate for short periods of stress, but its ability to make up ground dwindles as it approaches R5. Elevated temperatures at the R5 growth stage (beginning seed fill), has the greatest negative impact on soybean yield. During seed fill, daytime temperatures greater than 85 degrees can cause decreased soybean weight while temperatures 91 to 96 degrees can result in fewer seeds per plant.

Continue reading

Read More »

Huge surprise bolsters bears

Today was a huge surprise with corn and soybean yields higher, not lower. The market is not taking out post report lows in the minutes following the noon release. It could indicate end users are stepping in to cover needs.

USDA put the U.S. corn production at 14.184 billion bushels with a yield of 169.9 bushels per acre. Ending stocks were pegged at 2.335 billion bushels. Last month corn ending stocks were 2.27 billion bushels. USDA put the U.S. soybean production at 4.43 billion bushels with a yield of 49.9 bushels per acre. Soybean ending stocks were estimated at 475 million bushels. Last month soybean ending stocks were 475 million bushels. Ending soybean stocks were unchanged due to higher crush and higher exports.

As the noon hour approached, corn was down 5 cents, soybeans were down 2 cents, with wheat unchanged. Shortly after the report, corn was down 8 cents, soybeans were 13 cents, with wheat down 3 cents

Going into the USDA report today, the average trade estimate for corn production was 14.03 billion bushels with a yield of 168.2 while ending stocks were estimated at 2.17 billion bushels.

Continue reading

Read More »

Aerial imagery aids decision-making

As the growing season has progressed, aerial imagery has been part of the world record setting data-collection efforts for Terra, a single corn plant in a Farm Science Review field. The bird’s eye view of the field through the 2017 growing season has been provided by AirScout.

“The full season package has 14 flights and they start approximately mid-April and fly every two weeks or so. In the heart of the season late June through mid-July, they fly every 10 to 14 days during peak vegetative growth. Then they widen the timeline back out to finish out the season. They will probably do two flights in September and another in October,” said Tim Berning, with Precision Agri Services in Minster, the only AirScout dealer Ohio. “They use fixed-winged airplanes for the imagery. The full year flights take priority. They get an approximate time and they fly when sky conditions are favorable for taking good images.

Continue reading

Read More »

Herbicide rotation ineffective against resistance in waterhemp

Farmers have been battling herbicide-resistant weeds for generations. A common practice for most of that time has been to rotate between different herbicides every season. But despite farmers’ best efforts, herbicide resistance has grown through the years, with some weed populations showing resistance to not one but four or five different herbicides. A new study from the University of Illinois explains why herbicide rotation doesn’t work.

“If you were to ask farmers what is the one thing you can do to delay resistance evolution, they’ll say rotate herbicides. This study shows that’s not true,” said Pat Tranel, Ainsworth Professor in the Department of Crop Sciences at U of I.

Herbicide resistance results from random genetic mutations that keep weeds from being harmed by a particular herbicide. When farmers continually spray the same herbicide year after year, those with the mutation, referred to as a resistance allele, survive and reproduce. Over time, the proportion of plants with the resistance allele grows.

Continue reading

Read More »

Wheat variety selection is an important first step in reducing scab and vomioxin

Even though we did not have high levels of scab and vomitoxin this year, we still need to keep this disease in our minds as we select varieties to plant this fall. In the past, there were very few Ohio-grown winter wheat varieties with decent scab resistance, and some of those varieties yielded poorly or did not grew well under our conditions. Today we have far more varieties with very good scab resistance in combination with very good yield potential. So, as you prepare to plant wheat this fall, scab resistance should be a top priority on your list when selecting a variety. However, remember, no variety is completely resistant or immune to scab, so if conditions are wet and humid during flowering, even varieties considered resistant will develop scab and become contaminated with vomitoxin, but, disease and toxin levels will likely be lower in resistant varieties than in susceptible varieties.

Continue reading

Read More »

Wheat management for 2017

Wheat helps reduce problems associated with the continuous planting of soybean and corn and provides an ideal time to apply fertilizer in July/August after harvest. With soybean harvest around the corner, we would like to remind farmers of a few management decisions that are important for a successful crop.

1.) Optimum seeding rates are between 1.2 and 1.6 million seeds per acre. For drills with 7.5-inch row spacing this is about 18 to 24 seeds per foot of row with normal sized seed. When wheat is planted on time, actual seeding rate has little effect on yield, but high seeding rates (above 30 seeds per foot of row) increase lodging and the risk of severe powdery mildew development next spring.

2.) Select high-yielding varieties with high test weight, good straw strength, and adequate disease resistance. Do not jeopardize your investment by planting anything but the best yielding varieties that also have resistance to the important diseases in your area.

Continue reading

Read More »

KORUS valuable for U.S. soy growers

In response to indications that the White House is preparing a withdrawal from the free trade agreement between the United States and South Korea, the American Soybean Association issued a stern warning that withdrawal from the pact, and the larger strategy of brinkmanship with regard to trade agreements by the White House, could have disastrous consequences for the nation’s soybean farmers.

“Withdrawal from KORUS would hurt us all. As soybean farmers, we benefit greatly from exports, which contribute a $2 billion annual surplus to our nation’s balance of trade. Trade makes our local businesses and our communities stronger. Yet whether it’s South Korea, Mexico and Canada, or our neighbors on the Pacific Rim, we once again find ourselves fighting to communicate the value of trade to farmers,” said Ron Moore, ASA president. “With respect to South Korea, we supply nearly half of the 1.3 million tons of soybeans that country imports, with no tariffs as a result of the KORUS agreement.

Continue reading

Read More »

Monitor fields as crop reach maturity

As fall approaches and growers gear up for harvest, it is important that they continue to monitor and scout fields as crops reach maturity. Although at this point in the year it is too late for management practices such as rescue treatments, fungicides, etc., there is still a great deal to learn by walking through fields.

With wet weather throughout the growing season, several diseases have developed in both corn and soybean fields across Ohio. For corn, there has been a higher incidence of common rust throughout the state. As of mid-August, southern rust has been discovered in some southwest Ohio corn fields. Gray leaf spot and northern corn leaf blight have also appeared in Ohio’s corn fields.

In soybeans, diseases such as frogeye leaf spot and bacterial leaf blight have developed in many fields throughout the state. As growers walk fields this fall, they should take note of what diseases are present and make plans to deal with problem diseases either through management practices this fall and spring or with varietal selection for the 2018 crop.

Continue reading

Read More »

Prepare to harvest and store quality silage

As fall approaches many farmers will prepare to chop silage to use as a feed in their livestock operations. There are several key factors affecting silage harvest and storage that will ensure the efficient fermentation and production of high quality feed. Taking time to correctly harvest and store corn silage will allow producers to maximize their feed value.

It is important to chop corn silage at the correct moisture content and stage of development. The corn plant should be from 65% to 70% moisture when chopped (moisture requirements vary depending on the type of silo or storage to be used) and the “milk line” should be one-third to two-thirds down the kernel. Corn silage that is harvested when it is too wet can result in loss of nutrients through seepage and ultimately poor quality feed. Corn silage that is harvested when it is too dry will not ferment correctly and can cause mold to develop.

Continue reading

Read More »

Take a last look for Palmer amaranth and waterhemp in fields

As harvest draws near for Ohio’s corn and soybeans, it is a good time (and maybe a last chance) to assess fields for weeds with long-term implications — Palmer amaranth and waterhemp.

“This is your last shot to keep from permanently changing the profitability of your farm operation,” said Mark Loux, Ohio State University Extension weed control specialist. “Our two big offenders late season are typically marestail and giant ragweed, so you’re looking for something that looks different than that. We do pre-harvest scouting in a bunch of counties and if the field is big we’ll use binoculars. You’re looking for anything odd out there that you don’t recognize. Your goal of course is to try to prevent any seed production from Palmer amaranth and waterhemp. The same thing can happen too when you’re on the combine. Stop and don’t blow it through the combine. Get out to figure out what it is.

Continue reading

Read More »

Last alfalfa cutting and risk management

Alfalfa growers will need to make a decision if they should take another cutting of alfalfa, and if so, when. The recommendation in the newly revised 15th edition of the Ohio Agronomy Guide is to complete the last regular harvest of alfalfa by Sept. 7 in northern Ohio, Sept. 12 in central Ohio and by Sept. 15 in southern Ohio. At this point, undoubtedly some alfalfa growers are saying that they have taken a last cutting at the end of September or early October without any harm to the stand. True though that be, the fact is that the last or fall harvest of alfalfa is a question of risk management. Sticking to the Ohio Agronomy Guide recommendations provides the least risk of an alfalfa stand suffering damage due to low root reserves. Later fall cutting dates increase the risk for stand damage.

All perennial forage plants including alfalfa use the fall period to build up carbohydrate reserves that keep the plant alive over the winter, provide sugars to keep the plant from freezing, and provide the energy needed to start spring growth.

Continue reading

Read More »

DowDuPont, Inc. is now the world’s largest chemical company

As of the close of the stock market on Aug. 31, Dow Chemical Co. and DuPont Co. have merged.

The largest two U.S. chemical makers received all necessary regulatory approvals and shares of DowDuPont Inc. begin trading Sept. 1, 2017. The value of the new agribusiness behemoth — now the world’s largest chemical company — is near $150 billion.

DowDuPont plans to split into three separate companies focused on agriculture, specialty products and materials. Yesterday’s closing is a result of a late 2015 decision by the Dow Chemical Company and DuPont boards of directors that unanimously approved a definitive agreement to combine in an all-stock merger of equals.

“This transaction is a game-changer for our industry and reflects the culmination of a vision we have had for more than a decade to bring together these two powerful innovation and material science leaders,” said Andrew N. Liveris, Dow’s chairman and chief executive officer in 2015 after the merger plans were announced.

Continue reading

Read More »

POET expansion means big demand boost for Ohio corn

Agriculture has long been a victim of its own success. When doubts have arisen in the past about whether farmers could produce enough, they have every time been swept away in a sea of over production.

Because of its astounding bounty, agriculture has been able to move beyond providing food to meet other needs of society, including energy.

“Farmers are seeing we have far too much commodity on earth. This is the same thing that happened in the 1980s when biofuels were born. The way we solved that problem was to build ethanol plants and use up that extra supply. Today commodities are again oversupplied and we need the support of rural America because there are competing interests in the energy market that do not want to see us grow. We are constantly battling and we need to work together for higher ethanol blends in our gas tanks that are great for the environment and also great for Ohio’s farmers,” said Jeff Broin, CEO of POET, at the recent groundbreaking ceremony for the company’s Marion ethanol plant expansion.

Continue reading

Read More »

Soybean rust develops rolling epidemics as spores travel north

Although Midwestern soybean growers have yet to experience the brunt of soybean rust, growers in the southern United States are very familiar with the disease. Every year, the fungus slowly moves northward from its winter home in southern Florida and the Gulf Coast states, and eventually reaches midwestern soybean fields—often just before harvest.

Research shows there is a possibility the disease could jump much longer distances and reach the Midwestern soybean crop earlier in the growing season. Studies suggest that air masses moving from the south could sweep up rust spores from infected plants (kudzu or soybean) and transport them hundreds of miles north earlier in the season, potentially endangering the Midwestern soybean crop.

This could be happening right now as the storm system that created Hurricane Harvey moves north, according to Glen Hartman, a USDA Agricultural Research Service plant pathologist and professor in the Department of Crop Sciences at the University of Illinois.

Continue reading

Read More »

Brewery boom yields potential for farm

In 2011, Ohio was home to 32 craft breweries.

Now there are at least 220 Ohio breweries and many are looking for homegrown flavors for their key ingredients: barley and hops.

Matt Cunningham of Marysville took notice of Ohio’s craft beer boom back in 2013.

“We grow corn and soybeans and a little bit of wheat. I was looking to stay on the farm but do something else,” Cunningham said. “I saw all of these craft brewers popping up everywhere so I started growing hops.”

Cunningham’s Union County Rustic Brew Farm started with 100 hops plants.

“I wanted to start small to get my head wrapped around it. This is the third year and the first year for a full crop. We had a decent crop last year. I put telephone poles in the corner of a field. I think we have 12 poles. There is one wire across the top but every plant needs its own twine.

Continue reading

Read More »

Workshop looks at digital tool ROI for soybean production

The Ohio State Precision Ag Team will be hosting a free workshop for tech savvy soybean growers on Friday, Sept. 8, 2017 from 9 a.m to 4 p.m. at Beck’s Hybrids in London, Ohio. Topics of discussion will include data warehousing, production benchmarking, analysis, in-season monitoring, crop modeling, and recommendations.

The day’s discussions will focus on understanding potential value of digital tools for soybean production and how growers are utilizing these tools and services. The value and use will be examined and key outcomes will focus on key outcomes centered around:

  • Different types of benefits that individual technologies provide to soybean farmers.
  • Direct value propositions realized by a soybean farmer using a digital technology.
  • The value of sharing data with trusted advisors or companies providing digital technologies while simultaneously considering data privacy and control.
  • Identifying key educational needs of soybean farmers relative to digital technologies.

Confirmed speakers include Jeremy Wilson of MyAgData, Mike Hannewald of Beck’s Hybrids, and Dr.

Continue reading

Read More »

Kernel red streak in corn

One common occurrence observed by growers and agronomists when corn begins to mature is a red coloring of the normally yellow pericarp of corn kernels. Kernel red streak (KRS) results from the development of red pigment in corn kernels caused by wheat curl mite feeding on the kernel seed coat.

According to Purdue’s John Obermeyer and Christian Krupke in the 2015 issue 25 of the Pest and Crop Newsletter: “There are two suspected mechanisms causing the red streaking. One is the triggering of anthocyanin, a red pigment, in the pericarp as a response to mite feeding. Hybrids vary greatly in how much and where anthocyanin accumulates (e.g., purple seedling corn under cool, wet conditions). The other is the elicitation of another red pigment, phlobaphene, that determines cob (white vs. red), pericarp (great variability as shown with Indian corn), and silk (yellow vs. pink) coloration.”

Just like purpling of a corn plant itself during the growing season varies by genetics, so does KRS.

Continue reading

Read More »

Beck’s introduces planter that changes row-width, hybrids on the go

A new planter for use in Beck’s Practical Field Research is turning heads. The multi-row width multi-hybrid planter is a joint effort by Beck’s to answer more questions being asked in the field of prescriptive farming. With the ability to change between 10-, 20-, and 30-inch rows on the go, researches hope to see what difference such customization can have on crops and whether or not the planter technology has a wider place in the future of farming.

The planter looks to be heavily used in corn, wheat, and double-crop soybean research in the 2018 season, as explained by Jason Gahimer and Rich Schlipf in this video with Ohio Ag Net’s Joel Penhorwood.

Continue reading

Read More »