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U.S. corn and soybean yield prospects

By Todd Hubbs, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics University of Illinois

Market attention continues to focus on the potential size of the U.S. corn and soybean crops. Acreage totals look to remain uncertain for the rest of the year and any adjustments in the next WASDE report may not reflect the changes facing both crops this year. U.S. average yields appear set to move lower in the upcoming WASDE report as severe delays in planting indicate reduced yield potential.

Expectations for the U.S. average corn and soybean yields this year continue to deteriorate over recent weeks as planting delays dragged on over much of the Corn Belt. In particular, states in the eastern Corn Belt dealt with extremes moisture and massive delays this year. Yield potential falls for corn planted after the second or third weeks of May, all other conditions equal. Even though progress accelerated last week on drier weather, corn planting after May 25 came in at a higher than average percentage.

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Gov. DeWine makes NW Ohio farm visit: I can’t remember a situation bad as this 🔊

By Dale Minyo and Joel Penhorwood

Ohio Governor Mike DeWine, alongside Director of Agriculture Dorothy Pelanda, made a special trip to northwest Ohio Wednesday to see firsthand the struggles of Ohio crop and dairy farmers due to this year’s inclement weather.

The Perrysburg area visit was hosted by Kris Swartz and welcomed farmers from multiple other counties to give their take on this year of hardship, whether it be in the fields or in the barns.

“I wanted to come here and see this for myself,” said Gov. DeWine. “I’ve talked to a number of farmers in regard to this problem with the weather and it being too wet to put the crop in. Time is moving forward very quickly and this is probably in my lifetime, I can’t remember a situation that was bad as this.”

Gov. DeWine did send a letter to Sec. of Agriculture Sonny Perdue last week requesting a secretarial disaster declaration, in hopes of qualifying more Ohio farmers for federal aid.

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Expect volatile markets ahead

By Doug Tenney, Leist Mercantile

During the second half of May we observed some Ohio facilities with up to 10 cents wider basis or smaller flat price for June corn compared to May delivery corn. No doubt many producers had unexpected time to move corn to grain facilities in May due to ongoing planting delays thanks to rains which just kept coming. There were indeed logistics issues at river facilities as barge freight experienced vast differences in cost for May compared to June. Corn for May shipment along the Ohio River peaked as the basis was at least 20 cents above the July CBOT price while June delivery corn struggled to see even positive basis levels. Numerous facilities I spoke with were disappointed and surprised at the small amount of corn moving into their facilities during May.

The rapid price rally for corn during May no doubt rapidly scaled back producers’ ideas of selling 2018 corn still in their bins, especially since so many were still planting 2019 corn acres.

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June corn lookouts

By Luke Schulte, Beck’s Hybrids

As I am writing this, many corn and soybean acres have yet to be planted throughout the state. However, my hope is that by the time you read this, your crop will have emerged and will be growing vigorously.

One thing that is certain for later planted corn is that the vegetative growth period will be expedited. By now, many of you have been made aware of the research conducted by The Ohio State University and Purdue University which has shown that, on average, a hybrid requires 6.8 GDU’s less per day to reach black layer or physiological maturity when planted after May 1. This is possible because of the accelerated accumulation of heat units or GDU’s. Instead of producing a new leaf every five to seven days prior to the V7 growth stage, later planted corn will more likely produce a new leaf every four to six days within this same period.

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Amber waves of barley grain becoming more common in Ohio

By Matt Reese

With Ohio’s craft brewery boom in recent years, some of the amber waves of grain seen in fields this month in Ohio are barley planted to meet the exploding demand for locally grown malt.

“Barley is really interesting. The biggest take-home message with barley is that barley is not wheat. There are many similarities, but it is a different crop. Farmers don’t just get paid on yield. They get paid on quality too. You have to be very conscious of the quality,” said Laura Lindsey, with Ohio State University Extension. “Farmers are really excited to diversify and there is a lot of interest. Barley is harvested about 10 days earlier than winter wheat and that opens up a huge window for double-crop soybeans. It can be very profitable with those two crops coupled together.”

With one year of trial data, Lindsey was impressed with the barley yields in Ohio so far.

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Executive order addresses biotechnology

This month, President Donald Trump signed an executive order designed to simplify the regulatory process for genetically engineered products, help eliminate delays and reduce costs.

“Having an updated, transparent and scientifically sound regulatory system for agricultural biotechnology is critical if American farmers and ranchers are to meet the challenges of today and tomorrow. I applaud President Trump for his Executive Order that will foster policy to spur agricultural innovation, encourage engagement and alignment at the global level and provide a firm foundation for the future of gene edited crops and animals,” said Zippy Duvall, American Farm Bureau Federation president. “Innovative solutions have been a creed for American agriculture for a long time and with yesterday’s action by the President, it ensures a framework and directive for agricultural innovation well into the future.”

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Crop progress report shows corn leveling off, beans still going

Much of the State received higher than normal amounts of rain last week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. There were 2.5 days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending June 16. Temperatures slumped nearly 6 degrees below normal. Corn and soybean planted progress increased but were still well behind their 5-year averages. Wheat began to mature and was rated 65 percent fair to good condition. There were reports of hay fields and pastures that were difficult or impossible to mow due to increased soil moisture levels. Operators making haylage found it easier to stay on schedule than those making dry hay. First cutting progress for alfalfa and other hay also lagged behind their 5-year averages. Oats planted progress crept to 91 percent while oats reached the headed stage slower than the 5-year average. From the national scene, USDA reports that 100% of corn is planted, likely indicating that no more planting will take place.

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Second sign-up period announced for Western Lake Erie Basin

The Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) is announcing the second sign-up period for programs in the Western Lake Erie Basin funded by the passage of Ohio Senate Bill 299. Signed in 2018, Ohio Senate Bill 299 provided $23.5 million for soil and water conservation districts (SWCD) located in the Western Lake Erie Basin (WLEB) for nutrient management programs.

ODA says that two programs have been a success so far this year, the Ohio Working Lands Hay Buffer Program and the Ohio Working Lands Small Grains Program. ODA Director Dorothy Pelanda announced that there are funds remaining for a second round of program sign-ups.

The Ohio Working Lands Hay Buffer Program encourages producers in the WLEB to establish year-round vegetative cover on eligible cropland. The program promotes the conversion, establishment, and maintenance of forage/hay land on certain cropland acres. These buffers act as another line of defense to filter surface water while allowing participants to harvest forage from the established areas.

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Many Ohio acres will likely go unplanted

To plant or not to plant.

It’s becoming a bit easier for some farmers to decide between the two, with each day that the growing season progresses and forecasts for rain continue.

The last 12 months have been the wettest on record in Ohio, and that has put farmers across the state so far behind in planting corn and soybeans that some are deciding to not plant and to file an insurance claim instead. Only 50% of Ohio’s corn crop and 32% of its soybean crop were planted by June 9, according to a report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

The delay in planting adds an extra layer of strain on farmers already facing low prices for corn and soybeans, low animal feed supplies, and uncertainty about trade relief aid.

For those who haven’t planted corn by now, it’s possible that the highest returns will come from not planting and, instead, filing a claim for “prevented planting,” said Ben Brown, manager of the Farm Management Program at The Ohio State University College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES).

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Ohio’s record rainfall leaving some farmers on the sidelines

During the wettest yearlong period in Ohio since 1895, the state is lagging the furthest behind in planting corn and soybeans compared to all states that plant the crops, according to experts from The Ohio State University and federal reports.

From June 1, 2018, to May 31, 2019, average rainfall across Ohio totaled 52 inches, which is about 10 inches above the mean for that period in the last decade, said Aaron Wilson, climate specialist for Ohio State’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES).

“We’ve had very wet soils for a very long time,” Wilson said.

As a result, only 50% of Ohio’s corn crop and 32% of its soybean crop was planted by June 9, a report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture shows. By now, Ohio typically is 96% done with planting corn and 89% done with soybeans.

A brief slowdown in rainfall during the week of June 3 sent more Ohio corn and soybean growers out into their fields to plant, but that likely will prove to be only a temporary reprieve.

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Flooding and ponding in corn

By Alexander Lindsey and Peter Thomison, Ohio State University Extension

Persistent rains during May and early June have resulted in ponding and saturated soils in many Ohio corn fields and led to questions concerning what impact these conditions will have on corn performance.

The extent to which ponding injures corn is determined by several factors including (1) plant stage of development when ponding occurs, (2) duration of ponding and (3) air/soil temperatures. Corn is affected most by flooding at the early stages of growth (see https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-15/young-corn-wet-feet-what-can-we-expect). Under certain conditions, saturated soils can result in yield losses. Saturated soil conditions can result in losses of nitrogen through denitrification and leaching.

Additionally, root uptake of nutrients may be seriously reduced even if plants are not killed outright by the oxygen deficiency and the carbon dioxide toxicity that result from saturated soil conditions. Root growth and plant respiration slow down while root permeability to water and nutrient uptake decreases.

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Farm Bureau priorities addressed in Ohio Senate budget

Farmers, consumers and the environment will benefit from Farm Bureau supported provisions in the just announced Senate budget bill.

Among the items Farm Bureau members and staff advocated for are retention of the business income tax deduction; funding for multiple water quality initiatives; and necessary funding for Ohio State University and Central State University Extension, the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Ohio Soil and Water Conservation Districts and OSU’s College of Veterinary Medicine. Farm Bureau also sought needed funding for multiple programs within the Ohio Departments of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection.

Farm Bureau members called, texted and emailed Senators to express their views on the budget. The organization also offered formal testimony several times during the hearing process.

“Our members spoke and our senators listened,” said Ohio Farm Bureau Executive Vice President Adam Sharp. “We’re pleased that our priorities were addressed in the Senate’s budget.”

The two-year budget, which must now be reconciled with the House version and approved by Gov.

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Wood Soil & Water Conservation District prevent plant cover crop program

The Wood Soil and Water Conservation District is announcing a prevent plant cover crop program for cost share on cover crops. Producers who were unable to plant their corn or soybeans should contact the district about adding cover crops to their fields. Kris Swartz, Wood SWCD board supervisor, thinks cover crops are the clear winner for the situation. Cover crops are a good agronomic practice; they hold the soil and nutrients that have already been applied. Cover crops support the soil health initiative as well.

Follow Wood Soil & Water Conservation District on Facebook, go to www.woodswcd.com, visit the district office at 1616 E. Wooster St. Suite 32 Bowling Green, OH, or call 419-354-5517#4 for assistance in selecting cover crops and enrolling in the program.

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June 11 brings bullish news for corn

By Doug Tenney, Leist Mercantile

“Houston we have a problem here.” This is the original transmission from Apollo 13 on their mission to the moon in 1970. The quote was later shortened when the movie was released in 1995.

The quote is highlighted today concerning U.S. corn planted acres for 2019. Since early May, numerous weekly crop progress reports indicated corn planting progress severely behind normal. Last night’s report had the U.S. corn planting progress at 83%, which is a record low for this date. Earlier in March, USDA estimated the U.S. would plant 92.8 million corn acres for 2019. Simple math indicates 15.8 million corn acres are not yet planted. The eastern Corn Belt of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and Michigan still has 7.46 million acres of corn yet to be planted. The harsh reality is, it won’t all get planted. Northwest and western Ohio have been hit hard with the rains of May and June.

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Insecticidal seed treatments in late-planted crops

By Kelley Tilmon and Andy Michel, Ohio State University Extension

Many producers are planting late this year due to continued wet weather and may be wondering how insecticidal seed treatments should factor into their planting decisions. While individual situations vary, here are some rules of thumb to consider.

The most commonly available class of insecticidal seed treatments are neonicotinoids such as thiamethoxam, clothianidin, and imidacloprid. The conventional wisdom is that late-planted crops stand to benefit less from these products than early-planted crops. Warmer soil and air temperatures get the plant get off to a faster start and faster growth, allowing it to outpace insect pests. Another important factor to keep in mind about insecticidal seed treatments is their window of activity. The insecticide applied to the seed coat is taken up by the germinating plant and translocated through the plant in the growing tissue. The amount of product that goes on to the seed is finite – when it runs out, it runs out.

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Crop progress made, still behind average

Rain fell at a slower clip last week compared to historical records for most areas across the State, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. There were 3.3 days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending June 9. Temperatures were close to historic normals for the State which helped dry out saturated fields. Corn and soybean planting progress increased quickly as eager operators got into the fields but progress still lagged well behind the 5-year averages. Wheat headed progress moved to 81 percent and there were reports of increased wheat scab pressure. Fungicide treatments were applied aerially due to saturated fields. Pastures were in mostly fair to good condition although hay quality was reportedly lower in some areas because of extreme moisture. Oats headed progress moved to 9 percent, lagging behind the 5- year average. Nationally, corn is 83% planted and soybeans are 60% planted.

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Select appropriate hybrid maturity for June planting

By Alexander Lindsey, Rich Minyo, Allen Geyer, Peter Thomison, Ohio State University Extension

Farmers who still anticipate planting corn for grain production should review their hybrid maturities to minimize the risk of corn not maturing safely prior to a killing fall freeze. We would encourage the use of the Corn GDD Tool to select “safe” hybrid maturities for late planting (http://www.kingcorn.org/news/timeless/HybridMaturityDelayedPlant.html).

Although they are not planted as widely as our commonly grown maturities, hybrids with relative maturities of 100-104 day maturity are likely to achieve physiological maturity if planted by mid-June throughout most of the state. There is limited information on the agronomic performance of hybrids with maturities less than 100 days. Since these “ultra-early” hybrids were not developed to be planted in Ohio, they are regarded as less adapted to growing Ohio conditions and more susceptible to disease and stalk quality problems. Because of their questionable yield potential, ultra-earlies are typically not recommended in late planting situations.

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Trump signs $19B Disaster Aid Bill

U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue on Thursday commended President Trump’s signing of the disaster relief bill that will provide $19 billion in assistance to states and territories hit by flooding, hurricanes, wildfires and other natural disasters, including a delayed planting season.

“Congress provided much needed resources to assist farmers, ranchers and producers dealing with extensive damage to their operations caused by natural disasters,” said Secretary Perdue. “President Trump is committed to helping America’s farmers get back on their feet following recent natural disasters.”

Several questions remain on what the legislation means for farmers in Ohio, specifically the portions related to prevented plant acreage. USDA lawyers told Agri-Pulse on Wednesday that acreage included in prevented plant would not be eligible for the second round of the Market Facilitation Program, set to start coming out in July/August.

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Watch for important yield-determining factors as planted corn moves forward

By Roy A. Ulrich, DEKALB/Asgrow technical agronomist

The long fight with Mother Nature that started in the fall with harvest rolled right into spring and never really relented. As a result, the growing season of 2019 started out by challenging the plans that growers and agronomists had developed over the winter months to produce the highest yields possible while striving for the best return per acre. While most of those plans did not include a mid- to late-May and into June planting dates for corn and soybeans, that is when some growers finally found a dry period to put crops in the ground. Now is the time to reexamine those plans to see which of the yield determining factors could still have a positive influence on the corn crop in 2019.

After all, according to Dr. Bob Nielson from Purdue University only “12 to 16% of the overall yield variability is actually impacted by the delayed planting date.” There is still a very high percentage of the overall yield that we can influence.

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Decision Support Tool to select appropriate hybrid maturities for June

By Allen Geyer and Peter Thomison, Ohio State University Extension

The Corn Growing Degree Day decision support tool allows users to choose any Corn Belt county, enter the planting date and hybrid maturity, and generate a graph that shows projected GDD accumulations through the season, including the date on which you can expect that hybrid, planted on that date in that county, to mature (achieve black layer). One important adjustment missing from this tool is the fact that planting corn late usually lowers the GDD needed to get a hybrid from planting to maturity.

In an article on his website, Dr. Bob Nielsen at Purdue includes a calculator that adjusts the GDD requirement downward based on how late planting actually is. This is not a trivial adjustment: planting a hybrid on June 10 (vs. May 10) lowers the GDD requirement by more than 200 GDD. So a hybrid that needs 2,700 GDD to mature if planted on May 1 will require an estimated 2,428 GDD if planted on June 10 (Using Dr.

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