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Crops looking good, harvest conditions fair for 2018

By Matt Reese

Wow! August proved to be a strong month for finishing out what looks to be a very large corn and soybean crop for many parts of Ohio.

With just a few exceptions, nearly all of Ohio had surplus moisture by the release of the Sept. 2 USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) weather summary for Ohio. A few notable exceptions were Pandora that was 2 inches below normal, Cambridge that was 4.59 inches below normal, Bucyrus that was 4.53 inches behind, and Stow that was almost 6 inches below normal precipitation since April 1. On the flip side, Washington Courthouse has seen 6.52 inches above normal, Newark had more than 8 inches over normal, Circleville is 9 inches above average, and a Cleveland location is a whopping over 10 inches above normal precipitation for this time of year.

August had no shortage of Growing Degree Days either. Again, the vast majority of Ohio locations were well above average for GDD accumulation.… Continue reading

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A new approach to tissue sampling

By Ty Higgins, Ohio Ag Net

Throughout the 2018 growing season, AgriGold agronomist John Brien has been working with farmers to do something a little unorthodox. He is having producers send in tissue samples on a weekly basis.

“Traditionally, tissue sampling has a negative tone to it because no one has been able to correlate that if you have this certain level of something at this certain time, you’re going to get this certain yield, so many academia and agronomists have come to the conclusion that tissue sampling is not important,” Brien said. “But we have taken a different approach and we are systematically tissue sampling, once every week so we can get trend lines. I’m not worried about spikes or valleys. I am worried about the general trend of nutrients in that plant.”

The end goal, according to Brien, is to see if growers are getting enough nutrients to the plant at any given point of the season or if there are big holes somewhere that need to be addressed to fix the production system, offering a different mindset to see what this type of tissue sampling can offer. … Continue reading

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No pigweed left behind: Keeping Palmer amaranth and waterhemp at bay

By Mark Loux, Ohio State University Extension herbicide specialist

The majority of our problems with weed management in corn and soybeans in Ohio now arise from five weeds — giant and common ragweed, marestail, waterhemp, and Palmer amaranth.

These five weeds have found a niche in our production systems through a combination of characteristics, including adaptation to various tillage systems, rapid growth, prolific seed production, tendency to rapidly develop herbicide resistance, germination over a large part of the growing season, and tolerance to even effective herbicides unless small. They are not all equally difficult to control. Do a couple things right and marestail becomes much easier to manage, while Palmer amaranth can require effective implementation of every chemical and non-chemical tool available.

Waterhemp and Palmer amaranth, members of the pigweed family, are relative newcomers here, but ultimately have the most potential to increase the complexity and cost of herbicide programs, and reduce profitability.… Continue reading

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Herbicide plots on display at FSR

The field appears as a checkerboard: thriving green crops beside squares of shriveling beige stalks.

This was not a farmer’s bad luck. Instead the field was intentionally sprayed with 13 different weed killers to show their effects on various crops as well as the consequences of herbicides that drift from their intended target.

“Would a farmer do this to a field? Absolutely not,” said Harold Watters, an agronomy field specialist with Ohio State University Extension, the outreach arm of the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES) at The Ohio State University.

“The purpose is to share what can happen when things don’t go as planned.”

For farmers, weeds are an increasingly vexing problem as the herbicides that used to kill them no longer work. Just about every year at least one weed in Ohio is shown to survive a herbicide that used to destroy it, Watters said.

The increased use of a herbicide often causes the target weed to become resistant to it, in much the same way that increased use of antibiotics has led to some of them no longer being effective against certain bacterial infections.… Continue reading

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Western bean cutworm: Final adult moth update

By John Schoenhals, Mark Badertscher, Lee Beers, Bruce Clevenger, Sam Custer, Tom Dehass, Allen Gahler, Jason Hartschuh, Ed Lentz, Cecilia Lokai-Minnich, David Marrison, Sarah Noggle, Les Ober, Eric Richer, Garth Ruff, Jeff Stachler, Alan Sundermeier, Curtis Young, Megan Zerrer, Chris Zoller, Andy Michel, Kelley Tilmon, Ohio State University Extension

As Western bean cutworm (WBC) adult trap monitoring comes to an end for the 2018 season, we would like to thank everyone for their participation including land owners and farm cooperators who allowed us to place traps in their fields. The week ending August 25, 2018 was our final week monitoring WBC adult moth catches in Ohio as very few adult moths are being reported in the bucket traps. Overall, 23 counties monitored 69 traps and resulted in a statewide average of 0.7 adult moths per trap (51 total captured). This is a decrease from an average of 1.2 moths per trap (76 total captured) the previous week.… Continue reading

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Combines rolling in Ohio to harvest

By Doug Tenney, Leist Mercantile

“All labor that uplifts humanity has dignity and importance and should be undertaken with painstaking excellence.” – Martin Luther King Jr. This quote certainly epitomizes the work of the American farmer as the Labor Day holiday was celebrated earlier this week. Your excellence and hard work is to be celebrated and copied by all. Thank you!

Parts of Ohio are already harvesting corn at this reading. Anderson Ethanol received the first load of new crop corn last week from southern Darke County. It was 107-day maturity, planted in mid-April and at 18.3% moisture. Numerous producers in central Ohio are expecting record or near record corn yields. Reports late August suggested the four best states for corn production are Nebraska, Ohio, Illinois, and Wisconsin. Indications from Illinois stated corn harvest would be starting in the days that followed Labor Day. The worst states for corn production appear to be Missouri, North Dakota, and South Dakota.… Continue reading

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Late-season weather impacts corn and soybean growth and development

By Kyle Poling, Pioneer Field Agronomist, Ada, Ohio

Physiological maturity of a soybean seed occurs when the seed has completely lost all green color and turns yellow. At this point grain moisture is still over 50%, but a harvestable moisture of near 13% can be reached in as little as two weeks under good drying conditions. In order to time harvest perfectly, it is necessary to monitor soybean drying very closely. At full maturity (R8), 95% of pods have reached their mature pod color. At the R8 growth stage, only five to 10 good drying days are needed before harvest. Begin checking grain moisture before all the leaves have dropped off all the plants as various stresses can cause soybeans to retain some leaves. It is not uncommon to see a few green leaves and stems on some plants after the pods are fully ripe and the soybeans are dry enough for harvest.… Continue reading

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Winter malting barley trial results available

By Laura Lindsey and Raj Shrestha, Ohio State University Extension

Due to growing interest in winter malting barley, we conducted a nitrogen rate and seeding rate trial during the 2017-2018 growing season. The trials were conducted at the Northwest Agricultural Research Station (NWARS) in Wood County, the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC) in Wayne County, and the Western Agricultural Research Station (WARS) in Clark County. The first-year research reports and Malting Barley Production Guide can be found here: https://stepupsoy.osu.edu/winter-malting-barley.

Summary of nitrogen rate results

We evaluated the effect of four spring N application rates: 0, 40, 80, and 120 pounds of N per acre. (Each field received approximately 20 lb N per acre in the fall and cultivar ‘Puffin’ was planted.) Nitrogen was applied at Feekes 5 growth stage. The agronomic optimum N rate (N rate where grain yield was greatest) ranged from 100-119 lb N per acre depending on the location.… Continue reading

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Garman Feed and Supply joins Axis Seed

Greg Garman is proud to announce that he and Garman Feed and Supply will be joining Axis Seed as a regional distributor. Axis Ohio is representing Axis Seed as an Independent Regional Company for all counties in Ohio. “Our unique business model focusing on the demands of the local Ohio grower is what makes Garmans a perfect partner. Greg understands the importance of supporting local business and the benefit that provides to the community,” said Nathan Louiso, Axis Ohio owner.

Garman Feed and Supply is a family owned third generation company that has been serving the central Ohio area for over 42 years. Greg brings that experience to help farmers make the right decisions for their growing conditions and geography.

“Nathan’s commitment to the local area is what most impressed me. Our customers have different seed needs than those in other areas of the country. With all the consolidation in the industry many have lost sight of the importance of working with someone local,” Garman said.… Continue reading

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Ohio Soybean Council technology named 2018 R&D 100 Awards finalist

Light Curable Coatings, a bio-preferred floor coating that was developed through funding from the Ohio Soybean Council (OSC) and Ohio soybean farmers’ checkoff, has been designated as a finalist for the 2018 R&D 100 Awards. Winners will be announced in November at the fourth annual R&D 100 conference. The R&D 100 Awards program honors the 100 most innovative technologies of the past year. Finalists were selected by an independent panel of more than 50 judges representing R&D leaders in a variety of fields. More information about the awards can be found here.

The coating is a UV-cured, high-performance, bio-preferred floor coating with no volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The clean, green soy-acylate-based product delivers exceptionally low cure times and meets or exceeds industry targets for appearance, hardness, adhesion, solvent resistance, and application temperature.

“As Ohio soybean farmers, we can be proud that our checkoff dollars are being used to make products that are worthy of prestigious recognition,” said Nathan Eckel, OSC Research Committee chair and soybean farmer from Wood County.… Continue reading

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Harvest success in 2018 and beyond

By Matt Hutcheson, CCA, Product Manager, Seed Consultants, Inc.

With crops beginning to mature and harvest quickly approaching there are still several actions Ohio’s farmers can take to ensure success in 2018 and beyond. It has been a challenging growing season due to weather extremes, increased disease pressure, spreading populations of herbicide resistant weeds, and more. While many things are out of our control, there are some management decisions growers can make to finish this year successfully and get an early start on a productive 2019 season.

Ohio’s crops have been exposed some extreme and severe weather conditions in 2018. While some areas had plenty of rain, ensuring average or better yields, crops were also exposed to periods of excessively wet conditions or excessively dry conditions. While the weather has been favorable for crop development, some aspects of this year’s weather could negatively affect corn and soybean yields. Although much of Ohio has received above average rainfall, a key factor in raising a crop, receiving large amounts of rain in one event can cause yield-reducing damage to crops.… Continue reading

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Ohio agriculture needs 100% involvement in water quality efforts

By Matt Reese

In July, interested parties from around Ohio gathered at Stone Lab on Lake Erie to hear about the science behind the Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) Forecast for Lake Erie in 2018. At the event, Laura Johnson, Director of the National Center for Water Quality Research from Heidelberg University, reported that phosphorus loading in rural waterways has not changed much in recent years since the sharp increases that began in the mid-1990s.

“What we have been finding out of the Maumee River hasn’t changed a whole lot over the past 5 to 10 years. We are still getting the same concentrations that we have gotten in the recent past, but that doesn’t mean we are not making progress. There is a lot of effort going into practices that most folks would say are the practices we need to focus on like nutrient management plans, not applying on frozen ground, drainage water management, 4R certification — these are all moving in the right directions.… Continue reading

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Using cover crops with fall manure applications

By Glen Arnold, OSU Extension Field Specialist – Manure management

As corn silage harvest starts, livestock producers and commercial manure applicators will follow with the fall manure application season. To best capture the nutrients in manure, manure should be incorporated during application or as soon after as possible. Livestock producers should also consider using cover crops to capture more of the manure nutrients and to prevent soil erosion.

The most common cover crops used with livestock manure are cereal rye, wheat, and oats. However, farmers have also used radishes, clover, annual ryegrass, Sudan grass or almost anything they are comfortable growing.

  • Cereal rye is the most commonly planted cool-season grass for capturing excess nitrogen. Because rye over-winters, research has shown it can capture and hold 25 to 50 pounds of nitroge per acre , in the organic form as roots and plant tissue. It germinates at lower temperatures than oats so may be planted later, but less nitrogen will be recycled the later the rye is seeded in the fall.
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Beck’s 400 bushel project pushing the limits

Ohio Ag Net was recently at the 2018 Becknology Days at the Beck’s Hybrids headquarters in Indiana. A close-up look at the ongoing Practical Farm Research is a highlight of the annual event. One of the more unique projects being undertaken is that of producing 400-bushel corn with today’s technology. PFR Agronomist Travis Burnett talks with Ohio Ag Net’s Joel Penhorwood about the undertaking.… Continue reading

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Watch for ear rots in corn fields

By Pierce Paul, Felipe Dalla Lana da Silva, Ohio State University Extension

Over the last few weeks, we have received samples with at least four different types of ear rots in Ohio — Diplodia, Gibberella, Fusarium, and Trichoderma. Of these, Diplodia ear rot seems to be the most prevalent. Ear rots differ from each other in terms of the damage they cause (their symptoms), the toxins they produce, and the specific conditions under which they develop. Most are favored by wet, humid conditions during silk emergence (R1) and just prior to harvest. But they vary in their temperature requirements, with most being restricted my excessively warm conditions such as the 90 degrees F forecasted for the next several days. However, it should be noted that even when conditions are not optimum for ear rot development, mycotoxins may accumulate in infected ears.

A good first step for determining whether you have an ear rot problem is to walk fields between dough and black-layer, before plants start drying down, and observe the ears.… Continue reading

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The 2018 wheat crop finished strong

By Jason Hartschuh Crawford County Extension and Harold Watters

There were some good reasons to grow wheat again this year. Many farmers we spoke with said 2018 produced another very good crop. Our warm spring conditions cut back on yield but quality was excellent. What else goes into making the farm more profit?

  • Crop rotation: wheat adds a third crop to our rotation. Generally we get a 10% yield bump to the next crop in the rotation. And with a three crop rotation we reduce disease and insect pressure for all crops.
  • “Cover crop wheat” was a new term for me this spring. This was planted after last year’s soybeans and planned to be a cover crop ahead of corn. Wheat, like oats and cereal rye will help hold onto nitrates. If we wanted we could even graze wheat, or if we get a good stand and have good prospects we can keep it to harvest as grain — this may be our perfect cover crop.
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Corn ear abnormalities

By Matt Hutcheson, Seed Consultants agronomist

While walking corn plots for fields as they get closer to maturity, it is not uncommon to observe some plant/ear abnormalities. One abnormality observed this time of year is a tassel ear. The picture is a tassel ear I observed recently while taking notes in a corn plot.

Corn plants are monecious, having both male (the tassel) and female (the ear) flowering structures. Occasionally, female reproductive structures develop on a tassel, allowing for kernel development. Typically observed on tillers (or suckers) these tassel ears do not develop with a husk covering the kernels and do not produce harvestable grain due to damage from pests and environmental conditions.

 … Continue reading

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Late season alfalfa management

By Rory Lewandowski, CCA, Mark Sulc, Ohio State University Extension

Late season alfalfa management decisions often come down to balancing a need for forage versus stand health and winter survival. Weather patterns across the state in 2018 have been variable. Lack of summer rain in some areas have decreased forage yields, frequent rains or too much rainfall in other areas have blown apart harvest schedules and/or resulted in low quality forage inventories. Taking a fall alfalfa harvest is an opportunity to increase both the quality and quantity of the farm forage inventory. Like most farming decisions, there are trade-offs and risk factors to consider when making a fall alfalfa harvest.

The decision of when to take the last harvest of alfalfa to insure good winter survival and yield potential for the following year can be boiled down to two choices. Either cut early enough in the fall to permit alfalfa to regrow and replenish carbohydrate root reserves or cut late enough so that alfalfa does not regrow and use carbohydrate root reserves.… Continue reading

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Late-season pod feeding by bean leaf beetle or grasshopper

By Kelley Tilmon and Andy Michel, Ohio State University Extension

We have heard a few reports of either bean leaf beetles or grasshoppers increasing in soybeans. As we start to approach the end of the growing season the larger concern with these insects is the potential for pod feeding, rather than foliage feeding. Pod feeding directly impacts grain quality. Crop stage is also an important consideration. Late-planted fields or double-cropped soybeans which are still green when other fields are drying down can be “trap crops,” attracting both bean leaf beetles or grasshoppers leaving the other fields. Such fields bear close watching.

Evaluation of pod injury should be based on inspection of all pods on 10 randomly selected plants. Be sure to sample at least 100’ into the field to avoid making your entire decision based on field edges, where damage can be worse than in the field as a whole.… Continue reading

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