Home / Crops (page 34)

Crops



Looming La Niña could affect yields, prices

The USDA Supply and Demand Report later this month could see ending stocks for corn and wheat moving lower. That same report could see ending stocks for soybeans moving higher. The common thread for the changes in corn, soybeans, and wheat is U.S. exports.

U.S. corn exports could be seeing a boost due to the declining corn production in Argentina. Last month USDA estimated Argentina’s corn production at 42 million tons. Weather concerns in Argentina during January suggest its corn production could slip to 37 million tons. Increasing soybean production from Brazil could spell trouble for U.S. soybean exports beginning next month and into the balance of the marketing year, which ends in August. That export reduction could push U.S. soybean ending stocks higher than the current 470 million bushels.

Don’t look now, but could corn finally begin to see some bright news for prices, changing the funk producers have been in for months?

Continue reading

Read More »

Hancock County soil fertility programs

Dr. Ed Lentz will be present two soil fertility programs based on his research and research from other university specialists at the Hancock County Agriculture Service Center, 7868 County Road 140, Findlay, OH 45840. Times and programs are as follows:

Spring Nitrogen, Sulfur, and Other Nutrient Decisions for High Yield Wheat – February 13, 10:00 – 11:30 a.m.

Nitrogen Stabilizers, Starters, Micros, Sulfur and Nutrient Enhancers — How Important Are They for Corn Production? – February 20, 6:30 – 8:00 p.m.

Programs are free to the public. Certified Crop Advisers will receive 1.5 CEU hours in nutrient management at each program. Please register for the one or both programs by calling the Hancock County Extension Office, 419/422-3851 or lentz.38@osu.edu

Continue reading

Read More »

Concerns with continuous soybeans in 2018

With the likelihood of 2018 farm economics again favoring soybean production, soybeans being planted after soybeans could be on the rise this spring.

With consecutive years of soybean production, yield potential declines and the potential need for additional inputs and precautions increases.

“Agronomically, we never like to see beans after beans, but when it gets into your back pocket sometimes we have to do some things differently,” said Mike Earley, Seed Consultants, Inc. agronomist. “We need to make sure to not plant the same variety in the same field back to back. If we get into continuous beans for multiple years we need to do a lot more scouting and chances are we are going to need some fungicide applications because of a lot more disease pressure in the fields.”

In addition to increased potential for soybean issues including Phytophthora, white mold and frogeye leaf spot, more soybeans could also mean more yield loss to soybean cyst nematode (SCN). 

Continue reading

Read More »

Winter meeting season in full swing this month

February looks like it will be the peak of the winter meeting season. We on the Agronomic Crops Team provide programs of interest to corn, soybean and wheat growers across Ohio. See our calendar for February: https://agcrops.osu.edu/events/calendar/month/2018-02.

Some items of interest for February you will find:

February 5, 12, 19 & 26 – the Central Ohio Agronomy School in Knox County; 6:30 to 9:00 p.m. each week.

February 5 – Putnam County Agronomy Night; 6:00 p.m.

February 6 – Soil Health Workshop in Woodville; 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.

February 7 – Software for developing nutrient management plans; Ottawa 9:30 a.m.

February 9 – Northwest Ohio Crops Day; Deshler 8:30 a.m.

February 9 –  Madison, Delaware and Union Farmers Breakfast; Plain City 9:00 a.m.

February 13 – Controlling Your Problem Weeds; Marion County 1:00 p.m.

February 14 – Weed Management 101; Willard 9:30 a.m.

February 21 – Considering Organic? Urbana 6:30 p.m.

Continue reading

Read More »

New farm bill may not see much change for corn and soybeans

Ohio corn and soybean farmers likely won’t see a lot of changes in the next federal farm bill, according to an expert from the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES) at The Ohio State University.

“There’s momentum for minimal changes, but there are some key issues that have to be resolved,” said Carl Zulauf, an agricultural economist and professor emeritus with CFAES.

Among those issues are funding to support cotton and dairy farmers, research, and water quality. The current farm bill is scheduled to expire on Sept. 30, 2018. This legislation affects the livelihood of farmers and others because it funds a host of programs including crop revenue and price support programs that provide assistance when farm income or crop prices drop. And in recent years, the trend has been toward lower commodity prices and declining overall farm revenue.

Across the nation, dairy farmers feel they’re not getting enough assistance from the federal government, but the dairy industry is divided on what type of program it wants, Zulauf said.

Continue reading

Read More »

Survey seeks answers for yield limiting factors in soybeans

To participate in this research, please see the online survey: https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/ohiosoybean

I am continuing a third year of a State‐Wide Project aimed at generating some baseline producer data on current soybean management practices in Ohio’s production systems. This project is funded by the Ohio Soybean Council and the North Central Soybean Research Program (NCSRP). The project goal is to identify the key factors that preclude the state’s soybean producers from obtaining yields that should be potentially possible on their respective individual farms. The term used for the difference between what yield is possible on your farm each year and what you yield you actually achieve is called a “Yield Gap”.

We are therefore asking Crop Producers in Ohio to provide us with yield and other agronomic data specific to their soybean production fields. With that data, we could then conduct an in‐depth analysis of what on‐farm factors might be causing a Yield Gap on producer farms.

Continue reading

Read More »

The politics and economics of crop insurance in 2018

Crop insurance critics have a blind spot.

That sentiment comes from former Risk Management Agency (RMA) Administrator Kenneth Ackerman, who is now an Of Counsel attorney at OFW Law, concentrating his practice on Federal crop insurance and agriculture programs.

“Crop insurance is a very important part of the farm bill and one of the very few issues that almost everyone in the farm community agrees on,” Ackerman said. “It’s grown substantially over the past few years and as a result it’s become something of a target.”

Crop insurance is the largest core agriculture support programs with an estimated price tag of $7.7 billion per year, which has the attention of budget cutters’ in Washington.

“Over the last several cycles of farm bills and appropriations bills, we have seen people looking to take money away from crop insurance to spend someplace else,” Ackerman said. “We’ve already seen for 2018 a number of reports coming out of different ‘think tanks’ suggesting cuts to crop insurance.

Continue reading

Read More »

ODA reminds farmers of dicamba changes

The Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) is reminding farmers of revised labels and new training requirements for applicators who intend to use dicamba herbicide products this year. In October 2017, U.S. EPA approved revised labels for the three dicamba products that are labeled for use on soybeans: Engenia (BASF), XtendiMax (Monsanto) and FeXapan (DuPont).

“Like any other product, we want to ensure licensed applicators are properly following label directions as they get ready for this growing season,” said Matt Beal, chief of the ODA Plant Health Division. “This not only helps assure the safe use of pesticides, it also helps prevent misuse and mishandling.”

The manufacturers of these dicamba products also agreed to additional requirements for their products. Some of the revisions include:

  • Products are now classified as “restricted-use,” meaning only licensed applicators will be able to purchase them
  • Applicators must complete dicamba-specific training
  • Increased recordkeeping requirements
  • Wind speed restrictions
  • Temperature inversion restrictions
  • Sensitive/susceptible crop consultation
  • Spray system equipment clean-out.
Continue reading

Read More »

Artificial intelligence being applied on farms takes data to the next level

It was not long ago when the term “artificial intelligence” was something largely reserved for sci-fi movies. But, increasingly, daily life is being influenced with the use of artificial intelligence (AI).

“AI is changing everything from the way we shop with products like Amazon’s Echo using voice commands to initiate the purchase of products while other AI devices like Nest keep our homes safe and comfortable,” said Christopher Wiegman, a graduate student in the Ohio State University Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering. “These devices represent a new type of ‘smart’ technology that utilizes AI or machine learning. Machine learning distills large amounts of input data into algorithms based on patterns. The amount of investment in the field of AI has grown substantially spanning all economic sectors ranging from industrial to consumer goods, health care and even banking. Technology titans such as IBM, Microsoft, Google, Amazon, and Facebook are committing heavily to continuing development of AI.”

Agriculture is certainly a potential beneficiary of the AI progress.

Continue reading

Read More »

New biodiesel study highlight benefits

A new study on biodiesel’s lifecycle energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission effects updates and reaffirms the long-understood benefits of using the renewable fuel. The study is the latest in the significant body of transparent, peer-reviewed, studies that conclusively quantify biodiesel’s widespread benefits.

“It’s encouraging to see the commitment to data and quality analysis brought together in this study,” said Don Scott, sustainability director for the National Biodiesel Board. “It’s not news that biodiesel is good for the environment. Where credible results are needed for sound policies, it serves us well to look at transparent, reliable science.”

The report, recently published by a collaboration between Argonne National Laboratory, Purdue University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), represents the most up-to-date and comprehensive lifecycle analysis of biodiesel ever produced. Results confirm that biodiesel compared to petroleum diesel reduces GHG emissions by 72% and fossil fuel use by 80%.

“This is the highest GHG reduction of any heavy-duty transportation fuel and reflects biodiesel’s natural ability to store solar energy in a liquid form compatible with today’s engines and power generation technologies,” said Jim Duffield, who coauthored numerous lifecycle reports for USDA’s Office of the Chief Economist prior to his recent retirement.

Continue reading

Read More »

National Biodiesel Conference celebrates 25 years of accomplishments

Producers, marketers and aficionados gathered in Fort Worth, Texas in late January for the 25th National Biodiesel Conference & Expo.

Attendees got to learn about the latest policy developments related to biodiesel, see a hot-off-the-line B20 ready diesel Ford F-150 pickup truck, visit a Vehicle Showcase featuring offerings from General Motors, John Deere, Caterpillar and Optimus Technologie, learn about a semi-truck that runs on 100% biodiesel, and enjoy the Biodiesel Ride & Drive that allowed attendees to take a spin in new diesel vehicles around Fort Worth.

Though the focus of the conference was on fuel, it has very agricultural roots. Soybean farmers were instrumental in the initial push for biodiesel and the start of the conference 25 years ago.

“We need to remember that we have a tremendous product that can produce meal, oil and we are very competitive around the world,” said Dave Dotterer an Ohio Soybean Council board member from Wayne County who attended the conference.

Continue reading

Read More »

The weather, China and Donald Trump will have to all cooperate to offset ample grain stocks

The Jan. 12 USDA report day was neutral for corn and soybeans, bearish for wheat. The good news from that report for corn and soybeans — it was not a bearish report. The bad news from that report for corn and soybeans — it was not a bullish report. The Jan. 12 report day has been long anticipated in the market to provide additional insights into price direction for corn, soybeans, and wheat. The trade had expected the U.S. corn yield to increase while the U.S. soybean yield was expected to decline. Both took place as expected. USDA put the U.S. 2017 corn yield at 176.6 bushels per acre, up from the November estimate of 175.4.

That same report had the U.S. soybeans yield reduced slightly to 49.1 bushels per acre. Soybean exports were cut resulting in an increase for ending stocks. All three events were anticipated, providing no surprise for the markets.

Continue reading

Read More »

Jan. 29 last chance to avoid late registration fees for Commodity Classic

Only a few days remain to take advantage of standard registration fees for the 2018 Commodity Classic to be held Feb. 27-March 1, in Anaheim, California. The last day regular registration fees are in effect is Monday, Jan. 29, 2018. Late registration fees will apply after that date.
Hotel group rates are also guaranteed through Jan. 29. Reservations after that date will be based on availability and may be charged at the hotel’s prevailing rate.
Registration fees vary depending on the number of days attended. Members of the National Corn Growers Association, American Soybean Association, National Sorghum Producers and National Association of Wheat Growers receive additional discounts on registration.
All registration and housing reservations should be made online at www.commodityclassic.com. Experient is the official registration and housing provider for Commodity Classic. In order to stay at an official Commodity Classic hotel, reservations must be made only through Experient to ensure favorable rates, reasonable terms and confirmed hotel reservations.
Continue reading

Read More »

Clean up continues after massive grain spill in New Carlisle

Late Sunday night Sam Sutherly got a catastrophic phone call he never wanted.

“When I got the phone call I just said, ‘Oh that’s nice.’ I turned to my wife and said, ‘I really don’t want to go.’”

The Sutherly family owns Miami Valley Feed and Grain in New Carlisle where a grain tank collapsed late on Jan. 21, spilling around 365,000 bushels of corn worth over $1.25 million.

“The tank gave way and the impact of the corn caused the nearby transformers to explode,” Sutherly said. “Our renters there at the elevator — there is a house on the grounds — said it sounded like a jet airplane was coming in and she looked out and all the corn was laying on the ground. The tank was built in 1968 when the government wanted to do some government storage. It was full. It was 72-feet tall to the edge and then an additional 20 feet tall to the peak of the cone.”

The wave of corn washed over the grounds, leveled multiple buildings and buried Route 571.

Continue reading

Read More »

Concerns with continuous soybeans in 2018

With corn prices looking grim and the likelihood of 2018 farm economics again favoring soybean production, soybeans being planted after soybeans could be on the rise this spring.

With consecutive years of soybean production, yield potential declines and the potential need for additional inputs and precautions increases.

“Agronomically, we never like to see beans after beans, but when it gets into your back pocket sometimes we have to do some things differently,” said Mike Earley, Seed Consultants, Inc. agronomist. “We need to make sure to not plant the same variety in the same field back to back. If we get into continuous beans for multiple years we need to do a lot more scouting and chances are we are going to need some fungicide applications because of a lot more disease pressure in the fields.”

In addition to increased potential for soybean issues including Phytophthora, white mold and frogeye leaf spot, more soybeans could also mean more yield loss to soybean cyst nematode (SCN). 

Continue reading

Read More »

RINs part of a political battle of renewable fuels

RINs — Renewable Identification Numbers — have been in the news recently as a part of the ongoing political battle between oil companies and renewable fuel proponents.

“When the EPA put in place the Renewable Fuel Standard, they had to be sure the proper amounts of renewable fuels were being blended into the nation’s fuel supply. To account for that they created RINs. Every time a gallon of renewable fuel is created, a RIN is attached to it. It is an accounting system to make sure the RFS mandate is met. It is a tracking number for every gallon of biofuel created in the U.S.,” said John Torres, with Ohio Corn & Wheat. “RINs are bought and traded because not every fuel refinery in the country blends ethanol or biofuels. Those refiners that do not blend biofuels have to buy a RIN in order to offset the percent of the renewable fuels that is mandated.

Continue reading

Read More »

Hormone keys to plant growth or stress tolerance, but not both

Plants that grow well tend to be sensitive to heat and drought, and plants that can handle those stresses often have stunted growth. A Purdue University plant scientist has found the switch that creates that antagonism, opening opportunities to develop plants that exhibit both characteristics.

“Normally these two are antagonistic, but in nature, some plants tolerate stress and grow well. The questions is why some plants can have both, but most plants cannot,” said Jian-Kang Zhu, distinguished professor of plant biology in the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture. “Once you know how the stress response and growth pathways are connected, hopefully we will be able to decouple them.”

Working with model plant Arabidopsis, Zhu found that abscisic acid (ABA), a plant hormone, is activated in plants that can tolerate stresses such as salt and drought. But ABA sets off a chain reaction that stymies plant growth.

Zhu found that in stressed plants, the ABA pathway is activated and leads to phosphorylation of the Target of Rapamycin (TOR) kinase.

Continue reading

Read More »

Dicamba training opportunities in Ohio

For those planning on planting dicamba tolerant crops next year, there is plenty of change coming in 2018 compared to last year.

The label requirements for spraying will be much different and training is being required for applicators.

“The new labels for Engenia, XtendiMax, and FeXapan have many new precautions that applicators need to be aware of,” said Mark Loux, Ohio State University Extension herbicide specialist. “An additional requirement is that anyone applying these products must attend an annual dicamba or group 4 herbicide-specific training.”

In 2017, there were 27 official complaints of dicamba damage with the Ohio Department of Agriculture. The U.S. EPA is monitoring complaint reports and the label changes in 2018 to determine whether to continue to allow post- application of dicamba.

The label changes will make the already narrow application window in 2017 even narrower in 2018. At Purdue University, Joe Ikley and Bill Johnson took a look at the potential window of opportunity for dicamba application last year based on 2017 label requirements.

Continue reading

Read More »

Tax webinar for farmers Jan. 29

Are you getting the most from your tax return? Farmers and farmland owners that wish to increase their tax knowledge should consider this webinar that will address tax issues important to them. Mark your calendars for Jan. 29, 2018 to participate in this  hour webinar from 10 a.m. to noon.

The webinar, which focuses on tax issues specific to farmers and farmland owners will offer insight into topics such as new and proposed tax legislation as well as buying and selling farmland.

OSU Income Tax Schools which are a part of OSU Extension and the College of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences will offer this webinar on Jan. 29 from 10 to noon.

The two-hour program, which will be presented in a live webinar format, is targeted towards farmers and farmland owners who file their own farm taxes or simply wish to arm themselves with more tax information that will help them to better plan for tax filing.

Continue reading

Read More »

Ohio Annual Crop Summary for 2017

Crop conditions varied widely across the state, due to delays in planting, replanting, and emergence issues throughout the 2017 season, according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio State Statistician for the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Heavy rains along with cold temperatures at the beginning of the season hindered the drying of fields and caused the need for significant replanting. Dryer conditions in June brought opportunities to dry out fields to resume planting and other field activities. The dry weather continued allowing growers to catch up on replanting, apply fertilizer and cut hay. Excessive moisture throughout July created concerns in crop progress. August brought cooler drier conditions which helped stabilize crops.

Ohio’s 2017 average corn yield was 177 bushels per acre, a new State record, up 18 bushels from last year. Producers harvested 3.13 million acres, compared to 3.30 million acres in 2016. Total State production of corn for grain was 554 million bushels, up 6 percent from the 2016 production of 525 million bushels.

Continue reading

Read More »