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What’s New at This Year’s Farm Science Review

Throughout its 48-year history, Ohio State University’s Farm Science Review has been at the forefront of showcasing the future of agriculture.

From the first no-till demonstrations to the introduction of big farm equipment to breakthrough research on crop diseases, Farm Science Review has always been the place for visitors to see the “newest” in agriculture, as well as conservation, home improvement, health, safety, money management, gardening and education.

“Farm Science Review embraces change. It’s just amazing to look at how far we’ve come and where we’ll be going,” said Farm Science Review manager Chuck Gamble. “We are constantly looking at new technologies, and new products and services, and their representation at the show is an asset to our visitors.”

Farm Science Review, Ohio’s premiere agricultural event, will take place Sept. 21-23 at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center in London, Ohio. Sponsored by the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, Ohio State University Extension, and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, the event attracts upwards of 140,000 visitors from all over the country and Canada.

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What's New at This Year's Farm Science Review

Throughout its 48-year history, Ohio State University’s Farm Science Review has been at the forefront of showcasing the future of agriculture.

From the first no-till demonstrations to the introduction of big farm equipment to breakthrough research on crop diseases, Farm Science Review has always been the place for visitors to see the “newest” in agriculture, as well as conservation, home improvement, health, safety, money management, gardening and education.

“Farm Science Review embraces change. It’s just amazing to look at how far we’ve come and where we’ll be going,” said Farm Science Review manager Chuck Gamble. “We are constantly looking at new technologies, and new products and services, and their representation at the show is an asset to our visitors.”

Farm Science Review, Ohio’s premiere agricultural event, will take place Sept. 21-23 at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center in London, Ohio. Sponsored by the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, Ohio State University Extension, and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, the event attracts upwards of 140,000 visitors from all over the country and Canada.

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Leaf diseases already in corn

By John Brien, CCA, AgriGold agronomist
A corn grower does not have to look very far to find the beginnings of leaf diseases in a corn field. The disease is beginning to appear on the lower leaves of the corn plants and will slowly move up onto the top of the canopy. Corn leaf diseases are not new and are always present at some level. The reason for concern this year is the timing and severity. Normally corn leaf diseases do not begin appearing until at least two weeks after pollination. In 2010, the leaf diseases are showing up one to two weeks BEFORE pollination. The early timing provides the diseases more opportunity to spread and cause economic damage.
Corn leaf diseases alone cause little economic damage, although their indirect problems can lead to serious issues. Generally, leaf diseases will go without notice. Few growers scout fields solely to determine the leaf disease pressure and therefore are unaware of the problems the diseases are causing.

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Research shows yield advantage of fungicide 



A recently released research summary shows that Headline fungicide effectively controls a broad spectrum of corn and soybean diseases, provides Plant Health benefits and maximizes crop yields. The Headline Fungicide Yield Research Summary demonstrates that the BASF fungicide provides corn growers approximately a 3 bu/A yield advantage over other available fungicides. 




“Growers are constantly weighing the practices and inputs they use for successfully growing a crop and maintaining their business,” said Nick Fassler, BASF Technical Market Manager. “BASF conducts this exhaustive research so growers can be assured that selecting Headline will help them meet their operational goals.”




The results of the report are based on a summary of university small plot trials, seed company hybrid evaluations and large scale, on-farm side-by-side comparisons of Headline from 2004 to 2009. Headline was applied with a 6 oz/A use rate in all tests. Compared to untreated checks, research shows a 13.5 bu/A average yield increase and 12.2, 16.9 and 19.4 bu/A yield improvements under conditions of low, moderate and high disease pressure, respectively, in corn.

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Ohio EPA Awards Nearly $200,000 for Sustainability Efforts on OSU Farm/Research Facility

 A working farm just west of The Ohio State University campus and nestled in the heart of metro Columbus is being transformed into a learning laboratory of best management practices for water quality protection and whole farm sustainability.

A $194,324 grant from Ohio Environmental Protection Agency and local matching dollars totaling $132,456 will enable the Franklin Soil and Water Conservation District to demonstrate several progressive projects on OSU’s Waterman Agriculture and Natural Resources Laboratory (2433 Carmack Rd.). The projects will serve as application tools for current and future farmers and showcase environmental stewardship for students, faculty and urban residents.

“The educational project will provide on-the-ground examples of how to improve operations and the sustainability of production, reduce maintenance costs and protect water resources both on the farm and downstream,” said Russ Gibson, Ohio EPA’s Division of Surface Water Nonpoint Source Section manager. The Franklin Soil and Water grant is one of eight federal Section 319 Clean Water Act grants awarded by Ohio EPA this year.

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New Crop Progress Statistics Released July 6

Released July 6, 2010, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

Cotton Squaring – Selected States
[These 15 States planted 99% of the 2009 cotton acreage] —————————————————————–
                 :            Week ending            :          
                 :———————————–:          
      State      :  July 4,  : June 27,  :  July 4,  : 2005-2009
                 :   2009    :   2010    :   2010    :  Average 
—————————————————————–
                 :                    percent                   
                 :                                              
Alabama ………:    62          46          56          57    
Arizona ………:    57          46          55          72    
Arkansas ……..:    67          93          97          89    
California ……:    56          37          60          61    
Georgia ………:    54          54          70          62    
Kansas ……….:    26          13          38          30    
Louisiana …….:    92          80          91          90    
Mississippi …..:    74          70          93          83    
Missouri ……..:    49          59          66          67    
North Carolina ..:    75          69          85          74    
Oklahoma ……..:    33          25          35          32    
South Carolina ..:    46          35          55          47    
Tennessee …….:    65          52          77          78    
Texas ………..:    52          39          56          44    
Virginia ……..:    37          14          36          44    
                 :                                              
15 States …….:    56          48          64          55    
—————————————————————–

Cotton Setting Bolls – Selected States
[These 15 States planted 99% of the 2009 cotton acreage] —————————————————————–
                 :            Week ending            :          
                 :———————————–:          
      State      :  July 4,  : June 27,  :  July 4,  : 2005-2009
                 :   2009    :   2010    :   2010    :  Average 
—————————————————————–
                 :                    percent                   
                 :                                              
Alabama ………:     8           2          14          10    
Arizona ………:    32          13          16          32    
Arkansas ……..:     7          11          31          19    
California ……:    10           2           7          16    
Georgia ………:     9           9          21          15    
Kansas ……….:     –           –           –           –    
Louisiana …….:    36          23          53          36    
Mississippi …..:    11          11          45          23    
Missouri ……..:     –           3          16          12    
North Carolina ..:    16           4          10           3    
Oklahoma ……..:     –           –           –           1    
South Carolina ..:     –           –           7           3    
Tennessee …….:     2           –          10           8    
Texas ………..:    16           8          11          16    
Virginia ……..:     –           4          16           2    
                 :                                              
15 States …….:    13           8          15          15    
—————————————————————–
–  Represents zero.                                             

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Western bean cutworm catches increasing rapidly

By Andy Michel, Ron Hammond, Bruce Eisley, Ohio State University Extension

In the past week, we have seen a substantial increase in western bean cutworm catches in Ohio.  Our total for 2010 so far is 47.  Last year, we didn’t catch 47 until July 13, so we are also seeing moths much earlier.  A couple of observations suggest that some of these moths may be coming from our western neighbors.  First, most of the recent rain has come from due west.  In fact, moths were found still alive in our Wooster traps.  Second, our colleagues at Purdue University reported large catches (over a hundred total so far), as well as seeing egg masses.  Nonetheless, the rapid increase of Ohio catches indicates that scouting for egg masses should begin soon, especially in pre-tassel corn.  While much of the state is a little behind the pre-tassel stage, we know of some fields in southern and west-central Ohio that have begun to tassel. 

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Guide Helps Growers Manage Soybean Cyst Nematode

Soybean cyst nematode (SCN), a destructive pest of soybeans, can be found in nearly every county in Ohio. A farmer may have it and not know it, and for those who know their fields are infested, proper management is crucial. In either situation, producers can look to the Soybean Cyst Nematode Management Guide for assistance.

The 5th edition publication, produced by the North Central Soybean Research Program and the Plant Health Initiative, is a comprehensive guide to SCN and how to manage it. The 16-page color publication covers the importance of SCN, what the pest is, how it affects soybeans, how it interacts with other diseases, what damage looks like, how to send in soil samples, a description of SCN biotypes, and recommendations for managing SCN.

Deemed the “silent robber of yields,” SCN is the No. 2 soybean pest in Ohio, behind Phytophthora sojae, which causes Phytophthora root rot. Soybean cyst nematodes feed on the roots of young plants, which prevents the roots from taking up vital nutrients.

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Vomitoxin, crop insurance and wheat growers at odds

By M

att Reese

Head scab has been showing up around the state in what may be the worst year for the disease in Ohio in the last decade. The vomitoxin in the grain resulting from the disease is creating a number of problems in the marketing and handling of the wheat.

“It does not seem like a major problem right here in my neighborhood in northern Wood County, but we have heard a lot of horror stories from the southern part of the state,” said Jay Griffith, vice president of the Ohio Wheat Growers Association.

In parts of northwest Ohio, there are reports of vomitoxin ranging from 5 to 10 parts per million. Further south in Morrow County, there are reports of vomitoxin levels of 3.3 up to 8.1 parts per million in the same variety from same field planted the same day. Even higher levels have been reported further south.

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FSR Organizers Hope to Reap Benefits of Positive Ag Climate

Expectations are high and the climate is positive for this year’s Ohio State University Farm Science Review, Sept. 21-23 at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center in London, Ohio.

“If exhibitor applications and desired participation are any indication, things are going very well. We’ve processed 571 exhibitor applications to date and are in line to, once again, sell out of exhibitor space at this year’s show,” said Farm Science Review manager Chuck Gamble. “The climate in agriculture is positive right now because of the dollars that have been available for farmers to spend on high-dollar equipment. Farmers came to the show last year to spend money. They may very well do that again this year.”

The 48th annual Farm Science Review is Ohio’s premiere agricultural event, sponsored by the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, Ohio State University Extension, and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.

The show attracts upwards of 140,000 visitors from across the country and Canada who come for three days to peruse 4,000 product lines from 600 exhibitors in an 80-acre exhibit area.

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Ohio Department of Agriculture Awards Money to Farmers Markets

Ohio Department of Agriculture Director Robert Boggs today announces the department awarded $25,346 in grant money to 22 Ohio farmers markets to assist with advertising costs using funds made available through the department’s Farmers Market Cost Share Advertising Program.

Farmers markets in the following counties received grants: Tuscarawas, Stark, Summit, Cuyahoga, Lake, Wood, Darke, Shelby, Miami, Montgomery, Hamilton, Clermont, Franklin and Perry.

“Farmers markets play an important role in bringing fresh, healthy local foods to Ohio communities, as well as creating strong relationships among farmers, local artisans and consumers,” said Ohio Department of Agriculture Director Robert Boggs. “These farmers markets will be able to use the marketing funds to strengthen their presence and to keep the agriculture industry thriving in Ohio.”

All Ohio non-profit farmers markets were eligible to participate in a competitive application and evaluation process to reimburse advertising expenses up to 50 percent, with a maximum of $1,500 available for an individual farmers market.

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Ohio Composting Tour Set for Aug. 5

A central Ohio composting facility that takes in 150,000 cubic yards of yard trimmings and food waste every year, equal to the loads of nearly 40,000 pickup trucks, and makes sellable mulches and soil blends.

A new renewable energy system set to generate 1 million watts of electricity an hour from, among other things, sewage from the city of Columbus.

How to meet Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards for composting facilities, pass an inspection, and protect both your workers and business.

Learn about all that more at Composting in Ohio 2010: A Tour of the Industry, Thursday, Aug. 5, 8:30 a.m.-3 p.m., in and around Columbus.

Organizers say the program is for composting facility operators, researchers, educators, public-agency personnel, government officials and anyone else with an interest in large-scale composting and compost use.

Registration costs $40 per person, includes lunch and is due by July 30.

Call 330-202-3533 or e-mail wicks.14@osu.edu for details, or download the tour brochure and registration form at http://oardc.osu.edu/ocamm/ (click on the link for the tour under “In the News”).

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Ohio Department of Agriculture Awards Money to Farmers Markets

Ohio Department of Agriculture Director Robert Boggs today announces the department awarded $25,346 in grant money to 22 Ohio farmers markets to assist with advertising costs using funds made available through the department’s Farmers Market Cost Share Advertising Program.

Farmers markets in the following counties received grants: Tuscarawas, Stark, Summit, Cuyahoga, Lake, Wood, Darke, Shelby, Miami, Montgomery, Hamilton, Clermont, Franklin and Perry.

“Farmers markets play an important role in bringing fresh, healthy local foods to Ohio communities, as well as creating strong relationships among farmers, local artisans and consumers,” said Ohio Department of Agriculture Director Robert Boggs. “These farmers markets will be able to use the marketing funds to strengthen their presence and to keep the agriculture industry thriving in Ohio.”

All Ohio non-profit farmers markets were eligible to participate in a competitive application and evaluation process to reimburse advertising expenses up to 50 percent, with a maximum of $1,500 available for an individual farmers market.

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U.S. farmers plant record-high soybean crop

U.S. farmers planted 78.9 million acres of soybeans, exceeding last year’s planted area by 1.4 million acres, or 2%, and setting a new record high, according to the Acreage report released June 30 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).

Aided by favorable weather conditions early in the season, farmers in the Northern and Western Corn Belt and the Northeast increased their soybean acreage. Record-high planted acreage was reported in Kansas, Nebraska, New York and Pennsylvania, while Minnesota and Oklahoma tied their all-time record highs. Iowa continues to lead all states in total soybean acres with 10.2 million acres.

Farmers also planted a near record-breaking 87.9 million acres to corn, up 1.4 million acres from last year but down 1 percent from March. This marks the second consecutive increase in planted acreage to corn and the second highest acreage on record since 1946, only behind 2007.

Illinois and Kansas reported the largest increases in corn acres with both states planting 600,000 acres above last year.

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Coming energy debate must support corn ethanol

As Congress prepares for an Independence Day Recess to be followed by vigorous discussion of a new energy bill, the Ohio Corn Growers Association (OCGA) and National Corn Growers (NCGA) have stepped up a campaign to ensure that corn-based ethanol is part of the formula that brings our country to energy security and independence.

“A surplus of corn exists for all markets,” said Dwayne Siekman, OCGA Executive Director. “With nearly two-thirds of our oil imported, we need to focus on a broad range of domestic fuel solutions. We have a domestic supply that can be used.”

Legislation is before Congress to continue a much-needed incentive, called VEETC (a 45-cents-per-gallon tax credit) for fueling stations to blend ethanol with gasoline. In addition, there is a new energy bill on the horizon, making it an important and critical time to talk about ethanol’s many environmental and economic benefits to our country and the state of Ohio.

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Analysis shows steady progress toward 25x'25 renewable energy goal


Renewable energy produced in the United States between 2004 and 2009 grew by about 23%, according to a report issued by the leaders of the 25x’25 Alliance. Meeting the 25x’25 Goal: A Progress Report, is a 32-page analysis that details the advances made by the renewable energy sector since the Alliance was formed in 2004 toward meeting 25% of the nation’s energy needs with renewable resources from the land by 2025.
The report’s findings come from the leading renewable energy sector groups in the country and government agencies such as DOE’s Energy Information Administration. Other conclusions from the report show that:

  • · U.S. renewable energy consumption at the end of 2009 was 8.3% of total energy consumption, up from less than 6% in 2004.
  • · Ethanol production tripled in the last 5 years with 10.8 billion gallons produced in 2009, while biodiesel production climbed in 2008 to almost 700 million gallons.
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Analysis shows steady progress toward 25x’25 renewable energy goal


Renewable energy produced in the United States between 2004 and 2009 grew by about 23%, according to a report issued by the leaders of the 25x’25 Alliance. Meeting the 25x’25 Goal: A Progress Report, is a 32-page analysis that details the advances made by the renewable energy sector since the Alliance was formed in 2004 toward meeting 25% of the nation’s energy needs with renewable resources from the land by 2025.
The report’s findings come from the leading renewable energy sector groups in the country and government agencies such as DOE’s Energy Information Administration. Other conclusions from the report show that:

  • · U.S. renewable energy consumption at the end of 2009 was 8.3% of total energy consumption, up from less than 6% in 2004.
  • · Ethanol production tripled in the last 5 years with 10.8 billion gallons produced in 2009, while biodiesel production climbed in 2008 to almost 700 million gallons.
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Leaf diseases showing up early

By Ryan McAllister, CCA Team Sales Agronomist for Beck’s Hybrids

Upon traveling a good portion of the state of Ohio and most of eastern Indiana, I am beginning to see leaf diseases earlier than what I would normally expect to see them.  The most common disease present has been common rust followed by (GLS) Gray Leaf Spot, and I am just beginning to be able to find some northern corn leaf blight lesions.  All of which are earlier than normal due to the excessive and prolonged saturated rain events and warm weather.  Be scouting your fields to see if a fungicide application is warranted.  Progression up the plant is what we are looking for. It is important to protect the leaves that are ABOVE the ear leaf. Upon traveling a good portion of the state of Ohio and most of eastern Indiana, I am beginning to see leaf diseases earlier than what I would normally expect to see them. 

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Cover crops on prevented planting acres

By Alan Sundermeier, Ohio State University Extension

Those fields that never dried out to allow crop planting and now qualify as “Prevented Planting” should determine agronomic options to make the best out of this situation.

Producers are advised to check with their crop insurance company and Farm Service Agency on harvest restrictions for cover crops.  Harvest of cover crops may not be allowed until after November 1.

If a burndown or residual pre-emergence herbicide was applied earlier this spring, then check the label for restrictions on planting subsequent crops.

A cover crop will help restore the soil tilth and protect the soil from further wind or water erosion.

Germination of summer seeded cover crops will be improved if drilled versus broadcast.  If hot, dry weather occurs after seeding, a drilled seed has a better chance of establishment.

To prevent cover crops from forming viable seed, mowing or herbicide applications may be needed. 

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Weekly Crop Progress Statistics

Released June 28, 2010, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, U.S. Department of Agriculture.  For
information on “Crop Progress” call Julie Schmidt at (202) 720-7621, office
hours 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET.

Corn:  Percent Silking,
Selected States 1/
————————————–
:      Week Ending      :
:———————–: 2005-
State:Jun 27,:Jun 20,:Jun 27,: 2009
: 2010  : 2010  : 2009  : Avg.
————————————–
:            Percent
:
CO    :   0      NA       0       1
IL    :  15      NA       2       6
IN    :   8      NA       0       2
IA    :   0      NA       0       0
KS    :  11      NA       5      14
KY    :  17      NA       3      14
MI    :   0      NA       0       0
MN    :   0      NA       0       0
MO    :  20      NA       7      19
NE    :   0      NA       0       0
NC    :  80      NA      62      50
ND    :   0      NA       0       1
OH    :   1      NA       0       0
PA    :   0      NA       0       1
SD    :   0      NA       0       0
TN    :  68      NA      24      39
TX    :  51      NA      61      61
WI    :   0      NA       0       0
:
18 Sts:   7      NA       4       5
————————————–
1/  These 18 States planted 92% of
last year’s corn acreage.

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