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Wheat shortage creates opportunity for U.S. farmers

Russia’s ban of wheat exports is giving U.S. farmers the opportunity to produce more of the crop to meet demands around the world, a Purdue University agricultural economist says.

Chris Hurt predicts there will be an increase of 50-75 percent in the amount of wheat planted in the Eastern Corn Belt this fall over 2009, a record low year. Indiana farmers last fall planted 300,000 acres of wheat, which annually is the state’s third-largest crop, behind corn (6 million acres this year) and soybeans (5.3 million acres).

Because of the expected increased interest in wheat, Hurt recommended that farmers contact seed suppliers now to secure the varieties they hope to plant. “Seed availability may be the limiting factor on how many acres of wheat get seeded this fall,” he said.

Drought and wildfires greatly reduced wheat supplies in Russia — the fourth-largest wheat exporter in the world — and in neighboring Ukraine and Kazakhstan.

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FSR programs focus on business for farm women

Farm women who want to become more comfortable with the business side of farming will find out how they can learn more by visiting the Farm Science Review, Sept. 21-23 at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center in London.

Ohio State University Extension educators plan to share information about projects aimed to help women in agriculture become more familiar with production risk, cash flow, crop insurance options and other business-related issues on the farm.

“Many times, women on the farm have the responsibility of record-keeping, but they’re not really involved in the decision-making in the farm operation,” said Julia Nolan Woodruff, educator with OSU Extension. “But, obviously, they have a big stake in how the farm does economically. If they had more familiarity with the concepts of risk management, their insight could lead to better decisions on the farm and an improved financial outlook.”

According to the 2007 Census of Agriculture, 40% of Ohio farms have at least one woman operator, Woodruff said.

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Ag safety bin rescue demonstration return to FSR

Last year’s popular grain bin rescue demonstrations highlighting the proper safety precautions of grain storage and handling are returning to Ohio State University’s Farm Science Review.

Dee Jepsen, Ohio State University Extension state safety leader, said more times have been added to the daily demonstrations to accommodate more requests for information related to the potential risks when working with grain on the farm.

OSU Extension, in partnership with Heritage Cooperative and City of Urbana Fire Division, is featuring Agricultural Grain Bin Rescue demonstrations designed to educate both emergency crews and farming communities on the appropriate techniques for using rescue equipment in agricultural emergencies. Additional partners, including Pleasant Valley Joint Fire District, City of London Fire Department, and Central Townships Joint Fire District, will be conducting the rescue demonstrations.

“In the past 10 years, Ohio has experienced 19 fatalities from grain engulfments,” Jepsen said. “The demonstrations are designed to help bridge the knowledge gap between emergency personnel and farming incidents they may encounter, in addition to providing farming families with steps they can take before the emergency personnel arrive.”

The Agricultural Grain Bin Rescue demonstrations will be held daily every hour on the half-hour from 9:30 a.m.

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What's new at FSR this year

This year’s Farm Science Review will feature a little new in addition to all of the popular staples that make the event a must visit for the world’s agriculturists.

The field demonstrations at the event are a highlight for many visitors because there are few opportunities to see side-by-side comparisons of harvest and tillage equipment anywhere. Along with this, visitors will have expanded opportunities to ride-and-drive equipment this year.

“We’re going to have Honda, JCB and Yamaha in the ride-and-drive this year. If someone is interested in driving an ATV, four-wheeler or high-speed tractor, they can get that hands-on experience,” said Matt Sullivan, FSR assistant manager. “The ride-and-drive has worked really well for precision ag and we’re trying to build on that. We’re going to be providing a shuttle out to the ride-and-drive at the north Kottman Street gate. The shuttle will be running until about 2 in the afternoon. The ride-and-drive is just north of the exhibit area by I-70.

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Weekly Crop Progress Report, Sept. 13th

Cooler weather provided relief for livestock and crops. Farm activities included tillage, installing tile, hauling grain, hay bailing, and field application of fertilizer, lime and manure. Corn and soybeans are drying well throughout the state, the harvest has begun at some operations. Pest worms were reported in both corn and soybeans. There were also reports of corn stalk disease.

As of Sunday September 12, 90 percent of corn was dented, compared to 64 percent last year and 80 percent for the five-year average. Corn was 50 percent mature, which was 40 percent ahead of last year and 34 percent ahead of the five-year average. Three percent of the corn has been harvested throughout the state, this is the earliest recorded corn harvest in the past five-years. Corn for silage was 78 percent harvested compared to 29 percent last year and 43 percent for the five-year average. Fifty-two percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, compared to 22 percent last year and 33 percent for the five-year average.

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Christmas trees part of a long line of agriculture on the Bailey Century Farm

By Matt Reese

In 1829, Isaac Bailey came to Lordstown in Trumbull County with $4.50 to his name. According to historic documents from Trumbull and Mahoning Counties, “by hard work, rigid economy and frugal living” he came to acquire 100 acres of land. Bailey was a religious man and was said to have walked, with no shoes, with his first child to the nearest church for baptism, a 30-mile round trip.

A Lutheran church was eventually added on his property and he became very active in every aspect of the neighborhood that would eventually be known as Bailey’s Corners. As the Bailey clan grew in subsequent generations, Isaac (I.E.) Bailey III bought 21 acres in 1900, some of which had been previously owned by Baileys. I.E. was a noted carpenter like the Isaac Baileys before him. His hammer that was used to build the church and many of the homes in the area hangs on a plaque on the wall in the home today.

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Control Aquatic Vegetation in Your Pond. Get Tips at Farm Science Review

Come to Ohio State University’s Farm Science Review and learn what a fish management specialist would do to manage his own private pond.

Bill Lynch, an Ohio State University Extension associate in aquatic ecosystem management, will present, “If It Were My Pond, I Would&hellip.” at the Gwynne Conservation Area Sept. 21 from 10:30 a.m. until 11:30 a.m. and Sept. 22 from 1:30 p.m. until 2:30 p.m. Farm Science Review will take place Sept. 21-23 at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center in London, Ohio.

Attendees can get to the Gwynne by catching the free shuttles at the west end of the exhibitor grounds.

“Excessive aquatic vegetation is what causes all of the headaches for pond owners,” said Lynch. “It’s the most challenging aspect of pond management because of all of the excess nutrients that end up in the water.”

Lynch said that cattails, filamentous algae and harmful algal blooms are some of the more common aquatic surface vegetation found in ponds.

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Biomass and Cover Crops Showcased at Farm Science

From poplar and willow trees to sweet sorghum and switchgrass, visitors to Ohio State University’s Farm Science Review can learn more about the potential for producing bioenergy crops in Ohio.

Nearly two dozen biomass crops will be part of the demonstration plots exhibited at the east end of Friday Avenue of the Farm Science Review exhibitor grounds. Farm Science Review will be held Sept. 21-23 at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center in London, Ohio.

Visitors making their way to Gates A-E from the parking area can tour not only biomass crops, but also cover crops, antique corn, soybean trials, manure application plots, weed control demonstrations, corn hybrids, forage plots, and popcorn trials.

Ohio State University Extension educators will be on-hand to give details of the plots and answer any questions.

“Farmers are always interested in maximum production environments and the economics of creating those environments,” said Chuck Gamble, Farm Science Review manager.

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Self-guided exhibit at FSR to teach on-farm electrical safety

Electricity from power lines near grain bins can arc to a conductor and farm equipment can be that target, putting the farmer, family, friends or farm hands at risk for electrocution.

Ohio State University Extension’s Agricultural Safety and Health Program will have an exhibit at this year’s Farm Science Review explaining the dangers of overhead power lines and what those working on the farm should look for to stay safe.

“There is a misconception that as long as that equipment can clear the power lines then everything is OK,” said Dee Jepsen, OSU Extension state safety specialist. “But if you have, say a 2-foot clearance, that isn’t enough. Electricity can arc to the auger, wagon, combine, whatever equipment you may be operating at the time.”

Between 1990 and 2009, there have been eight fatalities related to electrocutions in Ohio, three of which where grain bin related, according to the OSU Extension Agricultural Safety and Health Program Web site.

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Farm Science Facts

Some Farm Science Review Facts…..

Location

Ohio State’s 2,100-acre Molly Caren Agricultural Center is located 2 miles north of London on U.S. Route 40.

Directions

From the east, take Interstate 70 to state Route 29 south and follow U.S. 40 west.

From the north, take state Route 56 to U.S. 40 east or state Route 42 to U.S. 40 west.

From the south, take state Route 38 to the site.

From the west, exit I-70 at state Route 56 south to U.S. 40 and take U.S. 40 east to the site.

Airport accessibility

The Columbus and Dayton airports are nearly equal distance from the site. Small planes can use the 4,000-foot runway located at the Madison County Airport across the road from the Molly Caren Ag Center.

Admission

$5 in advance from most Ohio agribusinesses and all county offices of Ohio State University Extension or $8 at the gate. Children 5 and under admitted free.

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September 10th USDA Crop Report

Ohio Report

Based on conditions as of September 1, Ohio’s average corn yield is forecast at 173 bushels per acre, down 3 bushels from the August 1 forecast and 1 bushel below last year’s state yield of 174 bushels per acre. Total production is forecast at 585 million bushels, up 7 percent from 2009. Growers expect to harvest 3.38 million acres for grain in 2010, 240,000 acres more than in 2009.

Soybean yield is forecast at 48 bushels per acre, up 2 bushels from the August 1 forecast but down 1 bushel from the 2009 state average. Total soybean production for Ohio is forecast at 224.6 million bushels, up 1 percent from the previous year. Harvested acreage is forecast at 4.68 million acres, up 150,000 from 2009.

National Report
Corn Production Down 2 Percent from August and Forecast Soybean Production Up 1 Percent

Corn production is forecast at a record 13.2 billion bushels, down 2 percent from the August forecast, but up from the previous record of 13.1 billion bushels set in 2009.

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Some Ohio Corn Ready for Harvest

 

Ohio’s corn crop may be ready for harvest sooner than anticipated.

Peter Thomison, an Ohio State University Extension agronomist, said that a warmer-than-average summer has hastened the development of the crop. Add the dry spell parts of the state are experiencing and the crop has dried down to levels ready for harvesting.

“The crop is at moisture levels right now that we would have been dying for last year. Much of the corn is already in the low 20s,” said Thomison. “Growers should consider preparing for harvest now. We typically don’t like to drop below 20 percent moisture because of the risk of yield losses.”

According to the Ohio Agricultural Statistics Service, 24 percent of the crop is mature, 17 percent higher than the five-year average and 21 percent higher than this time last year.

Thomison said that some growers are already harvesting their crop, but others may wait for the crop to dry down further.

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Certified Crop Advisors Can Earn Continuing Education Credit at Farm Science Review

The Certified Crop Adviser program at Ohio State University’s Farm Science Review is one way crop consultants can receive their yearly complement of continuing education credits.

The CCA College will be held on Sept. 23 from 7:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., and will cover a wide variety of topics related to conservation programs, corn hybrids, fungicide applications, and nitrogen fertilizer management. Farm Science Review will take place Sept. 21-23 at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center in London, Ohio.

Registration is $80 and includes breakfast, lunch, program materials, an entry ticket to Farm Science Review and a parking pass. Registration deadline is Sep. 10. Registration is limited and there will be no registration the day of the event.

Harold Watters, an Ohio State University Extension educator, said that the CCA College is specifically tailored to CCAs not only in Ohio, but also across the Midwest.

“Things in agriculture are constantly changing. What new information was introduced five years ago may no longer be valid,” said Watters.

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Weekly Crop Progress Report, Sept. 7

FIELD ACTIVITIES AND CROP PROGRESS WEEK ENDING SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 5, 2010

Cooler weather provided relief for livestock and crops. Farm activities included tillage, installing tile, hauling grain, hay bailing, and field application of fertilizer, lime and manure.

As of Sunday September 5, 80 percent of corn was dented, compared to 49 percent last year and 64 percent for the five-year average. Corn was 24 percent mature, which was 21 percent ahead of last year and 17 percent ahead the five-year average. Corn for silage was 53 percent harvested compared to 20 percent last year and 25 percent for the five-year average. Twenty-nine percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, compared to 8 percent last year and 14 percent for the five-year average. Ninety-five percent of the third cutting of alfalfa hay was complete, compared to 86 percent last year and 87 percent for the five-year average. Thirty-six percent of the 4th cutting of alfalfa hay was complete, 16 percent ahead of last year and 11 percent ahead of the five-year average.

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Harvest is here for some Ohio farms

If harvest has not already started, it is rapidly approaching on farms around the state. the dry conditions, early planting and heat through the summer really pushed the crops to early maturity. Here is what the farmers from between the Rows had to say:

Kevin Miller
Williams County
“It was really dry up until yesterday when we got between .75 and 1.25-inches of rain in certain places. It will help the late beans that were planted in late June. The earlier beans, I believe, will be OK too.”
Corn is maturing ahead of schedule and harvest is coming soon. “Of course, silage has been harvested. I will probably try shelling some corn next week. I hand shelled some the first of this week and it was at 22% moisture. I never have shelled corn this early.”
Yield could be highly variable based on the conditions this growing season. “I believe the yield is going to vary quite a bit in the field, but I think some fields will average 200 bushels.

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Five-bean pods showing up in Ohio

With many farmers reporting five-bean pods in their Asgrow brand Genuity Roundup Ready 2 Yield fields last season, excitement has been building to see who would be the first to find a five-bean pod this season, and the wait is over! Bill Gartner of Lawrenceville, Ill., has become the first farmer to discover several five-bean pods in 2010.
Gartner planted about 425 acres of this advanced soybean technology, hoping to join the exclusive Team 5-Bean. Once a rarity, five-bean pods have now become a reality with the Asgrow brand Genuity Roundup Ready 2 Yield that gives farmers the opportunity to produce more soybeans per pod and more bushels per acre.
“Our Asgrow Genuity Roundup Ready 2 Yield soybeans were planted in mid-April so they have really taken off with the weather we have had,” said Gartner. “They are in full pod, and I have been seeing about 20 pods per plant already.”
While Gartner is excited to have found five-bean pods, he’s also looking forward to the free Asgrow Genuity Roundup Ready 2 Yield seed that he can receive for next season.

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Syngenta offers new blog and hybrids for 2011

Syngenta Seeds, Inc. has launched a new agronomy blog that gives growers local insights from nine Syngenta agronomists representing nine regions across the country. Posts will cover a broad range of corn producing states.

In addition, unlike many other existing grower blogs, encourages comments to posts that enable growers, farm managers, crop consultants and others involved in the industry to engage in an ongoing dialogue with each other and Syngenta agronomists.

“Syngenta prides itself on the relationships that we, as agronomists, have created with growers all across the country,” said Chris Cook, head of agronomy for Syngenta Seeds. “We hope this new blog will help strengthen and improve those relationships.”

American growers are increasingly going online to look for information to help them grow their operation. Syngenta Seeds is meeting this demand by bringing the expertise of the agronomy team, that has traditionally only been available in the field, and making it available online.

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Valuing manure nutrient resources

By Robert Mullen and Darlene C. Florence, Ohio State University Extension

A fundamental question often asked by agricultural producers is how do I value my manure as a nutrient resource? This essential question should be asked by those that have access to manure because it allows a way to quantify the economic value of that material. If this question were directed at commercially produced materials, the answer would be straightforward. With manure, however, a number of parameters need to be considered including the composition of manure, the source variability, and the need for the nutrients based upon soil test information.

The first step in valuing manure as a nutrient supplement is to have the material analyzed to determine which nutrients are present and in what amounts. This information, combined with a recent soil analysis, can tell you how much manure should be supplied to meet the nutritional needs of a crop.

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FSR at a glance

2010 FSR features at a glance

• This is the 48th Farm Science Review, the 28th at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center.

• Hundreds of demonstration plots and several million dollars worth of machinery.

• Twenty-first-year inductions into the Farm Science Review Hall of Fame.

• Ohio Farmer Conservation Awards; Thursday at 11:30 a.m.

• OSU Central, featuring demonstrations and displays from Ohio State University colleges and departments.

• A lot of farm safety, home safety and health information.

• Global Positioning Systems (GPS) hands-on demonstrations in the demonstration fields.

• Expanded programs on conservation practices in the Gwynne Conservation Area.

• An arts and crafts exhibit tent.

• Permanent washroom facilities with diaper changing stations.

Field demonstrations

Harvesting, strip-tilling, global positioning and tillage demonstrations will take place every day. Check the schedule at fsr.osu.edu for demonstration times.

Commercial exhibits

The commercial exhibit area hosts about 600 exhibitors from all across North America in the Central Exhibit Area.

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