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Crop insurance sales closing date for fall crops in Ohio

The USDA’s Risk Management Agency (RMA) reminds Ohio producers of wheat and winter barley that they have until sales closing on Sept. 30 to purchase crop insurance or make a change to their existing policy.

Crop insurance protects against yield and revenue losses. Producers have a number of coverage choices, including yield coverage, revenue protection and area risk policies.

RMA also recently announced the availability of the Supplemental Coverage Option (SCO) in select counties for winter and spring wheat for the 2015 crop year. SCO is a county-level policy endorsement that can be added to an underlying crop insurance policy, and covers a portion of losses not covered by the same crop’s underlying policy. Producers electing to participate in the Farm Service Agency’s Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC) for a crop on a farm cannot buy SCO for the same crop on the farm.

Producers applying for SCO for the 2015 winter wheat crop may withdraw coverage on any farm where they have elected, or where they intend to elect, ARC for winter wheat by the earlier of their acreage reporting date or December 15 without penalty.… Continue reading

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Long awaited ENLIST system deregulated by USDA

The National Corn Growers Association applauds the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s approval of Dow AgroSciences 2,4-D and glyphosate-resistant corn, a part of the ENLIST system. This approval, which will still require U.S. Environmental Protection Agency approval of the accompanying pesticide before the system comes to market, represents the first time in which USDA approved a crop modified to be resistant to more than one herbicide.

“Gaining approval for this important technology has been a long, hard fought battle,” said NCGA Trade Policy and Biotechnology Action Team Chair Jim Zimmerman, a farmer from Rosendale, Wis. “It is important that farmers continue to gain access to the tools that they need in the field through a science-based, timely regulatory system. We look forward to similar results for other herbicide systems in the future.”

The decision, which posted to the regulatory docket, states that USDA finds no issues with the release of the crop.… Continue reading

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Silver lining to the 2014 harvest

Agronomists have a strong tendency to only discuss the doom and gloom events happening in corn fields. Very seldom do we discuss the positive and exciting events, but now is the time to start. The highlight in corn fields this year is high kernel counts. Why are high kernel counts exciting?

Farmers are always working towards are high yields, and high yields are only accomplished with high kernel counts. The more kernels produced per acre the more yield is achieved. A grower can increase their kernel counts by increasing the number of ears per acre, by having more kernels on every ear or by doing both. The work done by growers through weed management, hybrid selection, nitrogen timing and amounts, overall fertility, tillage and planter operation all go into determining how many kernels are in every acre.

Kernel counts are ultimately determined by a combination between the weather and by the management of the corn field.… Continue reading

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What are the laws about drones on the farm?

While the appeal of using unmanned aerial systems by farmers and growers to aid in farm operations is growing in popularity, before launching a drone over crops to gauge field conditions, farmers need to be aware that doing so could result in a hefty fine from the Federal Aviation Administration.

While the technology is available for farmers and growers to utilize drones for their farm operations, the rules of who can use it and how aren’t as clear, according to Peggy Hall, assistant professor and Ohio State University Extension field specialist in agricultural and resource law.

“In this case, the technology is clearly ahead of the law,” she said. “While there are unmanned aerial systems available for purchase by consumers, the regulatory system on their usage is still developing.

“While landowners, farmers and growers need to know if it is legal to use UASs on their own land to monitor crops or for other uses on their farm, at this point it’s still a gray area in the law.”

Hall will talk about UASs during a workshop at this year’s Farm Science Review.… Continue reading

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Farm Bill decision hot topic at Farm Science Review

As growers consider their options under the new provisions of the 2014 farm bill, economists and policy experts from Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences were discussing what the changes mean for farmers at the Farm Science Review today.

The panel discussion, “Farm Program Choices for the 2014 Farm Bill,” was moderated by Matthew Roberts, an Ohio State University Extension economist. The panelists in the discussion were Zulauf, an economist in the college’s Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics, and Barry Ward, production business management leader for OSU Extension.

The passage of the farm bill authorizes U.S. nutrition and agricultural programs through 2018 and includes major changes to the safety net programs that crop producers across the country rely on for support, Zulauf said.

“This is an opportunity for producers to think strategically about the farm, its cash flow, its exposure to risk, and the means available to manage the risk,” he said.… Continue reading

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New grain storage setup at this year’s Farm Science Review

As always, the field demonstrations will certainly be a popular attraction at the Farm Science Review but this year, the demos will quite literally be overshadowed by an impressive new grain storage setup towering over the crop fields.

The construction project kicked off May 19 at the storage site, located in the middle of the Molly Caren Agricultural Center. The project will add 90% to the existing storage capacity, said Chuck Gamble, manager of the Farm Science Review.

“We’ve had the need for additional storage capacity for many, many years,” Gamble said. “We’re updating the facilities with the latest technology and infrastructure in grain handling and storage, which our attendees will take great interest in at this year’s show.”

The renovation project is being headed up by MRC Sales and Service, of London — a longtime exhibitor and supporter of the Farm Science Review.

“Mike Miller and his staff have done a phenomenal job working on this project,” Gamble said.… Continue reading

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Coalition forming to end embargo with Cuba

Prominent members of the U.S. food and agriculture community, including the American Soybean Association, agreed to officially form a national coalition to address liberalizing trade between the United States and Cuba. The members of the coalition believe that it is time to end the embargo and allow open trade and investment to happen.

Under current sanctions, U.S. food and agriculture companies can legally export to Cuba under provisions providing for humanitarian exemptions. However, financing restrictions limit the ability of the U.S. industry to competitively serve the market. Foreign competitors such as Brazil and Argentina are increasingly taking market share from U.S. industry because those countries do not face the same restrictions on financing.

ASA will be actively involved in working towards the end of the embargo against Cuba and normalizing trade relations between the two countries that are only 90 miles apart and are natural trading partners. The coalition plans to actively engage in constructive dialogue with stakeholders through lobbying efforts, strategic communications, and a variety of other efforts to build momentum and drive historical change.… Continue reading

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The Weekly Corn Belt Update – September 12th, 2014


Host:  Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities “Snapshot Tour”

The Snapshot Tour is hosted by Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities. This is a daily update on crop and weather conditions across locations in the Corn Belt.  Listen to the audio report in full by visiting www.colgancommodities.com and clicking on the audio tab.

Maumee, Ohio

Harvest is still at least a good two weeks away.  A few fields of beans have been run, but likely more to “satisfy” the coffee shop talk and to get a first look at potential yields.  Areas in the north central part of the state could run next week, but they came up short on rain the final stretch. 

  Greenville, OH

Most everyone had nice rains from the most recent event on Wednesday night.  Amounts ranged from just under an inch to 3+ inches. These last two rains have been extremely beneficial for late beans and to add test weight. … Continue reading

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Wheat is getting another look

Ohio wheat getting more consideration for planting on some farms this fall due to the challenging markets for corn,  though wheat is a mainstay of the rotation for Ron Foor, of Fayette County, who grows seed wheat for Seed Consultants, Inc. Foor turned in a yield of more than 123 bushels in the Seed Consultants, Inc. 2014 Project 150 Wheat Yield Contest with SC 1324.

“One of the biggest things that I feel helps us is that we always work our ground. We don’t no-till it in. We have a 30-foot head and we get a lot of chaff in the windrow and it is hard to get good seed to soil contact. We disk it and plant it and we always get good emergence with that. We have had strips in the field where it didn’t grow right when we no-tilled,” Foor said. “We have a heavy Landoll disk and it’ll go in pretty deep and mix the trash up pretty well.… Continue reading

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Railway woes growing for farm crop transportation

Railway issues, including shortage of cars, delays and the possible impact on farmers as a new crop harvest begins this season have been high priorities in Washington, D.C. agricultural discussions this fall.

As the backlog of rail cars in the upper Midwest continues, and elevators are still full of 2013-crop grain ahead a record 2014 harvest, both farmers and lawmakers worry the backlog will create a grain storage crisis as a new crop harvest begins.

Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack met with President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden in September and discussed the railway issues. Vilsack said he is “deeply concerned with the record harvest underway,” and described the problem to the president, telling him while BNSF Railway is taking steps in the right direction, the Canadian Pacific still has a ways to go. Vilsack also said Agriculture Undersecretary for Marketing and Regulatory Services Ed Avalos wrote a letter to the Surface Transportation Board (STB) underscoring USDA’s concerns.… Continue reading

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Cover crop planting may need to wait due to late crops

While cover crops have tremendous potential to improve soil and water quality, they do need to be carefully managed to have a viable role in the crop rotation. With a late planting season, and a cool growing season, cover crop veteran Dave Brandt, of Fairfield County, said that changes might need to be made with regard to establishing cover crops this year.

“We need to look at when we are going to apply these cover crops, especially with the late planting this spring. It is really going to be tough to do aerial seeding with the beans still as green as they are. There is a lot being applied right now and I don’t think they should be, mainly because the cover crop will grow too much and it will be hard to cut the beans,” Brandt said. “Guys that haven’t thought of that will be disgusted because when the dew sets in at 4:30 or 5:00 in the evening, they’ll be done cutting beans for the day.… Continue reading

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Sept. 11 report continues bearish trends for crop prices

Let us not forget what happened on this date in 2001. All of us remember where we were and what what we were doing.

The report today was bearish for corn, soybeans, and wheat.

Shortly before the report came out corn was down 4 cents, soybeans were down 5 cents, and wheat was down 8 cents. Shortly after the report corn was down 8 cents, soybeans down 20 cents, and wheat was down 14 cents.

The trade was anticipating much with this report. Higher production, higher yields, and higher ending stocks were expected across the board ahead of todays reports. In addition all of us have been hearing for weeks that big crops get bigger. The trade has been looking for each report to be larger compared to the previous month. The final production numbers will be out in January 2015.

U.S. corn production was estimated at 14.395 billion bushels with a yield of 171.7 bushels per acre.Continue reading

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Markets watching, farmers bracing, for big yield numbers in Sept. 11 USDA reports

The downward slide for grain prices continued into the first week of September. Corn, soybeans, and wheat made new contract lows at that time. Bear in mind there is a tremendous amount of bearish sentiment as corn and soybeans head into fall harvest. Traders are looking for both corn and soybean production and yields to climb with this week’s report. FC Stone came out with their estimate of corn production at 14.455 billion bushels and a nationwide yield of 174.1 bushels per acre. Soybean production was estimated near 4 billion bushels and a yield of 47.6 bushels per acre. Ending stocks for soybeans could easily climb to almost 600 million bushels if yield estimates continue to climb.

Several columns back, I commented that a four billion bushel soybean crop was not out of the realm of possibility. It looks like that is more than just a remote possibility for 2014 soybeans.… Continue reading

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Ohio Corn & Wheat Growers Association internship opportunity

The Ohio Corn & Wheat Growers Association has a one-year paid internship opportunity for sophomores, juniors
 or seniors enrolled in any agricultural program. The Intern will receive practical work experience, assisting with programs centered on education, communication
and policy. Opportunities exist to gain experience with student initiatives, teacher professional development
workshops, political coordination and membership programs, communication and press activities, exhibit design
and development and other experiences based on the intern’s interests and skills.

The Intern will have the opportunity to experience various job responsibilities in a professional environment and
 provide leadership for resume-building initiative. Attendance at various professional events such as regular board 
meetings, Farm Science Review, Grain Symposium and National Corn Congress (July 2015, Washington, DC) will 
also be an important part of this experience.

This is a one-year paid internship position starting on Oct. 1, 2014 through Sept. 30, 2015. Intern will
receive $1,000 monthly and be expected to work 15 to 20 hours per week with flexibility to attend college classes as
required.… Continue reading

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Proper grain channeling very important this fall

As combines start rolling in corn fields throughout the Midwest, the National Corn Growers Association is reminding growers of the importance of properly channeling grain this harvest. This is particularly important for growers who planted the limited release of the Agrisure Duracade event from Syngenta.

The Right to Grow system tightly controlled the sale of seed corn produced using Duracade technology in a vigorous attempt to keep it out of export channels and limited the amount of Duracade released to ensure corn grown could effectively managed by the trait provider. Through a marketing agreement signed with Gavilon, Right to Grow provides a specified marketing channel for all corn grown with Duracade technology and acts as another line of assurance farmers will be able to steward their grain into proper channels.

The politics of international trade can be tricky business. Just one news headline, one bad shipment or one failed delivery can have a devastating ripple effect for domestic agriculture — particularly when dealing with some of the more demanding, and often fickle, importers of U.S.… Continue reading

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CCAs working to improve water quality

With a vast knowledge of the crops that are planted and the soil they’re planted in, Certified Crop Advisers, more commonly known as CCAs, have taken an active role in the research and program implementation that will be key to improving water quality in Lake Erie’s Western Basin in the long run.

The CCA program was established in 1992 with both farmers and their environmental impact in mind. When consulting a grower on nutrient management, it’s the adviser’s responsibility to make recommendations on what’s best for the crops and for the soil in which they’re rooted, and other surrounding natural resources. With the continuous evolution of seed corn, soybeans and the fertilizer nutrients that help crops grow, the CCA program ensures that advisers stay abreast on current issues and trends in agriculture.

“Ohio’s CCAs are trained with the latest, available information through the continuing education requirements of the program,” said Tim Berning, chairman of the Ohio CCA board.… Continue reading

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How to prevent N leaching

Even though it appears that we are headed for a record corn crop, some farmers have noticed signs of nitrogen deficiency showing up in their crops. According to some of the Seed Consultant professionals, these growers applied the nitrogen fertilizers by splitting application and side-dressed as late as possible. However, the drenching rains that followed a week after caused nitrogen to leach down and, later in the season, fields showed up with N-deficiency symptoms. It is too late for this year’s crop but what can you do for the growing crop to compensate for N loss due to too much water and what may be done to reduce nitrogen leaching for future?

Consider the following approaches to nitrogen management:

• If it happens again, to rescue a growing crop in the field, you might consider reapplying up to half your N fertilizer if it rained three to six inches over a day or two, or if you have field ponding lasting three days or more.… Continue reading

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Maximizing soybean yield potential

The payoff of a year’s worth of planning, planting and preparation is finally getting started with soybean harvest this fall.

The soybean yield at harvest is affected by several factors starting before planting occurs. Although most are focused on late season rainfall and preparing for the upcoming harvest, it is always important to review current management practices and ways to improve for next year’s crop.

The highest yielding soybean fields start by selecting the best varieties for your geographic area, soil types and planting conditions. There are numerous varieties to choose from and multiple sources of information, but first it is important to understand your fields and the traits that are needed to maximize yields. Do you have soybean cyst nematode or other diseases? Look for varieties that are consistently in the upper yield tier in multiple tests like the state trials. Understand that statistics may show that the performance of many varieties can’t be separated in the results due to variation at the testing sites.… Continue reading

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OSU Extension looking for Amaranth

OSU weed science is once again looking for seed from populations of Amaranth species – waterhemp, Palmer amaranth, and redroot/smooth pigweed – to screen for herbicide resistance this winter.  We will be collecting seed from infested fields we encounter during our annual survey of the state next month.  We would also encourage readers to submit seed from problem Amaranth populations in their fields.  Amaranth seed are mature when small black seeds fall out of the seedhead when it is shaken or rapped against something.  Seedheads should be cut off and stored in open paper bags to allow further drying, until arrangements can be made to get them to us.  Seed samples should be accompanied by a sample submission form, which is available on our website –http://u.osu.edu/osuweeds/.  The goals of this effort are to:

1) characterize current infestations of herbicide-resistant waterhemp and Palmer amaranth to be able to provide guidance on herbicide programs in infested fields.… Continue reading

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Tom Yuhasz, Sept. 8

We still have not ever really dried out, but crops look pretty good for the conditions. We got a little bit of heat to push things along. It got hot last week. It was in the 80s and 90s. It was probably the hottest week of the year. We are seeing some brown stem rot, which is not usually a problem, and some white mold issues that may have some yield impact, though it is still a little early to tell.

We still have some pretty green fields. We may have some ready by the end of the month. The corn is looking pretty good in this area but I think yields will be below average. There has just been too much water. There are some spectacular-looking fields of corn around here, but you don’t know how they will produce.

We have been considering planting wheat after wheat just to get some wheat in because these beans are going to be so late this year.… Continue reading

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