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Crops



Brad Mattix, Marion County, July 7

We saw guys trying to finish up planting beans for the first time on July 3. There is a decent amount of prevented planting in our area. There are also a lot of guys who didn’t get the corn acres planted that they wanted. And, over around Sunbury it has been terrible. There have been a lot of guys talking about sidedressing with an airplane because they can’t get in the fields to get it done. Then some guys have had to stop the airplanes so they weren’t applying fertilizer in standing water.

The beans have come out of it some because we have been little drier. It looks like there could be a shower here in the next couple of days and as long as it is not too much, it will probably help. Where the corn is good it looks great now, but there are holes out there that will be there for the rest of the year no matter what.… Continue reading

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Jed Bower, Fayette County, July 7

The crops look pretty good around here. We were a little light on the moisture but we have been getting timely showers. We have corn tasseling and everything is looking pretty nice. The neighbor’s corn has been tasseling for a week.

As long as it is not a severe rain we’ll take it. There are a lot of guys trying double-crop beans if they had wheat, unless they are putting field tile in. Most of the wheat harvest finished up over the Fourth of July weekend. The yields I have heard about were in the mid-70 and 80s on up to over 100 bushels. Most everyone took if off a little wet to avoid some of the showers. I think most everyone was happy with how the wheat turned out. If we get this rain tomorrow, it will give the double-crops a good boost.

It got hot pretty early and we had corn that rolled up, but right when it was getting stressed, we’d get a nice rain.… Continue reading

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Blueberry, Brambles and Winegrape Field Night July 15

As the health benefits of so-called “superfruits” continue to become more widely known, growers in Ohio can take advantage of increasing consumer demand for these foods by adding them to their farm operations.

Fruits such as elderberry, aronia and goji berries are being called super berries because of their nutrition content and their promise to combat a variety of ailments, said Gary Gao, an Ohio State University Extension specialist and associate professor of small fruit crops at Ohio State University’s South Centers in Piketon.

And as the consumer demand for healthier foods continues to grow, farmers who are able to add small fruit crops to their farm operations may find that berry production is a potentially lucrative option, Gao said.

“With the consumer demand for locally grown foods increasing, particularly for those foods that can offer health benefits, growers can add berry production and generate additional income using land they already have,” he said.… Continue reading

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World Soy Foundation’s Acre Challenge Campaign nearing $100,000

The World Soy Foundation (WSF), the philanthropic arm of the American Soybean Association, has never before surpassed the goal of $100,000 raised through their Acre Challenge campaign. But, this year, in just nine months, they have raised over 85% of their goal. The top supporting states of this spring have helped give the campaign an extra boost and the WSF is looking to carry that momentum right past the $100,000 mark in the final three months.

The Acre Challenge, a fundraising campaign started by farmers for farmers, is a way U.S. soybean farmers can help alleviate hunger and malnutrition around the world by donating the value of an acre of soybeans. The campaign begins Oct. 1 and runs for a full year. Just one acre of soybeans can make a life-changing difference. Did you know that one acre of soybeans, when converted into soybean oil and soy flour, provides enough high-quality fat and protein to meet the daily requirements for a balanced diet for 80 people for over a month?… Continue reading

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The Weekly Corn Belt Update – July 3rd, 2014

WEEKLY CORN BELT CROP REPORT

Host:  Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities “Snapshot Tour”

The Snapshot Tour is hosted by Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities. This is a daily update on crop and weather conditions across locations in the Corn Belt.  Listen to the audio report in full by visiting www.colgancommodities.com and clicking on the audio tab.

Maumee, Ohio

The earliest corn was planted 4-26 and some of that corn is tasseling, but the majority of their corn will shoot a tassel next week.  They look on tap for some heavier rains next week which could mess up wheat harvest.  Corn and beans continue to improve, and they are already phenomenal.  Right now, the yield monitors could be well above 280 in some locations.  Both crops improve.

  Greenville, OH

In the Darke county area, corn really grew this week, and a drier week (for most) has seen beans hopefully turn the corner. … Continue reading

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Wheat harvest started and delayed

By June 30, Pickaway County wheat grower Scott Metzger was around half done with the 2014 harvest and the crop was performing better than expected.

“The first three fields we cut were anywhere from 95 to 106 bushels, so it is a lot better than we thought it would be coming out of the winter,” he said. “We would have a good bit of snow on and then it would melt and we would get those sub zero days and we thought it was going to be really hard on the wheat. It took a while for it to come out of it through March and April and then it started coming around. In mid March, I gave it about a 60% chance of making what it normally does.”

The high management for the wheat paid off for Metzger this year with a yield range from the mid-80s to beyond 100 bushels across all of the acreage.… Continue reading

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Acreage report FSA deadlines approaching

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Ohio Farm Service Agency (FSA) State Executive Director Steven Maurer reminds agricultural producers that July 15, 2014, is the deadline to file an acreage report for spring seeded crops. This includes reporting all Burley Tobacco, Cabbage (Planted 3/19/14-5/31/14), Corn, Grain Sorghum, Hybrid Corn Seed, Spring Oats, Popcorn, Potatoes, Soybeans, Sugar Beets, Tomatoes and all other crops. Planted acres must be reported to FSA by July 15, 2014.  The Agricultural Act of 2014 (2014 Farm Bill) requires producers on a farm to submit annual acreage reports on all cropland.
“Although some federal farm program enrollments have not yet started, timely acreage reports for all crops and land uses, including prevented and failed acreage that producers submit to their local FSA office, are important to ensure program eligibility,” Maurer said.

Acreage reports to FSA are considered timely filed when completed by the applicable final crop reporting deadline, which may vary from state to state.… Continue reading

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How does flooding affect corn?

We have seen a lot of corn fields that were flooded in the low-lying areas. How does flooding affects corn plants and what can we do about it?

• Like people, if plants can’t breathe, they can’t survive for long. Flooding interrupts the breathing and photosynthetic processes of plants. Obviously, plants which are completely covered by water are at higher risk than those which are partially submerged.

• Oxygen in the soil also gets depleted within 48 hours of flooding and the plant growth functions like nutrient absorption are affected.

• Duration of ponding or flooding is critical. Cooler temperatures after flooding will help the survival of the young plants. Warmer temperatures above 75 to 80 degrees F following flooding can kill plants.

• Plants older than V6 stage survive better because the growing point is above ground after this stage. If the growing point is still below ground, it may start to rot.… Continue reading

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China and DDGS

The situation with U.S. distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS) imports to China continues to evolve on a daily basis. Recent conversations between the U.S. Grains Council and the China Inspection and Quarantine Service (CIQ) suggest a more pro-active stance on the part of CIQ for resolving the status of approximately 90,000 metric tons of U.S. DDGS stranded in Shanghai.

Specifically, CIQ has acknowledged a growing problem and expressed a readiness to work with the trade to facilitate re-export of rejected shipments. This includes assistance with issuance of new phytosanitary certificates and fumigation if required for a new destination. To date, about 1,000 tons have been re-exported from Shanghai.

According to our latest information, new import permits will be issued, but only to companies that have dealt with previously rejected cargoes (i.e., re-exported or destroyed), and only to companies that certify new cargoes will not contain unapproved traits. The Council’s staff continues to work actively with traders to meet the new requirements and facilitate the re-export of stranded DDGS.… Continue reading

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Acres and Grain Stocks reports bring out the bear

Today’s reports were bearish for corn, soybeans, and wheat. Soybean acres were estimated at 84.8 million acres, 2.6 million acres above the trade estimate.

Soybean stocks were estimated at 405 million bushels. The average trade estimate was 378 million bushels. Corn acres were pegged by USDA at 91.6 million acres, a neutral number. However corn stocks were 100 million bushels above trade estimates. The previous two corn stocks reports have missed trader estimates by 200 million bushels or more. Wheat acres at 56.5 million acres were above trade estimates at 55.8 million acres.

Two obvious things stand out with these numbers. First, with soybean stocks higher than expected it continues to give support to ideas that the 2013 soybean production number will be revised upward later this fall. For months the market has talked that soybeans are tight with the big number of imports that came into the U.S. the past four months.… Continue reading

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Wet forecast for June continues

The wet pattern that was forecast for our region in June continues as expected. The last week of June will end wetter than normal with many places getting 0.75 to 1.50 inches with isolated totals of several inches. With the high water content in the ground expect low temperatures to average 5 to 10 degrees above normal but maximum temperatures close to normal mostly in the 80s but some 70s northeast Ohio at times. The first half of July is projected to have above normal temperatures. It will be a humid first half of July. The humidity will keep maximum temperatures in check with most highs below 95. It will also keep low temperatures up in the 65- to 75-degree range.

With the heat dome to our south and cool pool to our north expect a ring of fire will setup the first half of July from the Dakotas to Minnesota to northern Iowa to Wisconsin to Michigan to northern Indiana to Ohio.… Continue reading

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The Weekly Corn Belt Update – June 27th, 2014

WEEKLY CORN BELT CROP REPORT

Host:  Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities “Snapshot Tour”

The Snapshot Tour is hosted by Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities. This is a daily update on crop and weather conditions across locations in the Corn Belt.  Listen to the audio report in full by visiting www.colgancommodities.com and clicking on the audio tab.

Maumee, Ohio

It is hard to know what to say for this region since it has been so consistent and so good this season!  Is it possible for conditions to improve when they are already fantastic?

  Greenville, OH

It was definitely corn growing weather this week and the corn, overall is really thriving.  However, we have had too much rain and the beans are in dire need of dry weather and sunshine.  Corn improves.  Beans neutral to decline?

Logansport, IN

Truly another garden belt location in the corn belt. Conditions continue to improve for both corn and beans.… Continue reading

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The tomato doctor is “in”

Tomato producers needing some quick, expert advice about their plants could find it right in their pockets with Purdue Extension‘s Tomato Doctor mobile app.

The app can help them diagnose problems and offer solutions to get their plants back to a healthy condition, said Janna Beckerman, a Purdue Extension plant disease specialist and content specialist for the app.

The Tomato Doctor covers more than 80 common — and not so common — insect, disease and environmental problems that occur throughout the United States and around the world. It includes nearly 500 high-quality images to help users identify problems involving their plants.

Correctly identifying problems could help growers avoid using pesticides on their plants unnecessarily, Beckerman said.

“Not every problem needs a pesticide to manage it,” she said. “But when they are needed, we always start with the least toxic approach, and we try to recommend common varieties that are more resistant to certain problems.… Continue reading

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Palmer amaranth management tips

During winter meetings we have been emphasizing the importance of controlling Palmer Amaranth, one of the most dangerous weeds for Ohio agriculture. It is one of the fastest spreading weeds that is trying to get a foothold in the Corn Belt. It can spread like wild fire unless stopped in its tracks. Check out the facts below:

• Palmer Amaranth is an annual broad leaf and is related to other Amaranth species like Pigweed, Waterhemp, and Redroot.

• It grows faster than other pigweed species and can grow 2-3 inches per day. Some studies have reported it can reduce corn and soybean yields by 70-80%, if not controlled.

• Palmer Amaranth has already caused a lot of problems in the South and recent reports from Kentucky indicate it is marching north and east, spreading into Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Ohio.

• Each Palmer Amaranth plant can produce up to one million seeds.… Continue reading

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Markets will be watching corn closely in early July

The next few weeks will be critical for U.S. grain production, especially corn and soybeans. Typically the July 4 period is one that both traders and farmers watch with extreme interest. Farmers are actively assessing the growing conditions in their corn fields as they see pollination underway. Corn yields are heavily dependent upon the success of pollination. It is a crucial seven- to 10-day period, which takes place once each growing season. Hot, dry conditions — especially above 90 degrees — can severely affect pollination. Looking back at 2012, much of Ohio was dry and hot with numerous days of 90 degrees. That combination can have a disastrous impact with severely reduced yields often the end result. It was a year when many had poor corn yields, a year they want to forget while hoping it is not replicated any time soon.

Corn demand has been strong for the past six months.… Continue reading

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Todd Hesterman, Henry County, June 23

You don’t have to go very far north or south where they have had rains that are kind of excessive. We got a half-inch over a three day period and every drop counted. But, not too far away the rains have been too much and the crops are showing stress.

For this time of year, the rains have been a little on the short side right here, but the crops are looking good. It hasn’t shown much heat stress. Last week before the rain there was a little curling of the corn on those hot days. A lot of that was in the compacted areas or in the fields you got into a little too early. It has been pretty stress free at this point.

The corn stands emerged very uniformly. It was mostly up in 10 days and has never looked back. It has looked good ever since it came up.  … Continue reading

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Tom Yuhasz, Ashtabula Co., June 23

Some of the corn fields around here might have been affected by some black cutworm. There were some fields that probably needed to be sprayed but it has been so wet that it probably couldn’t be done anyway.

We got a five-inch rain late last week, Thursday I think. We had some hail too, but it did not really cause much damage around here.

The later beans are really coming up. Where we replanted, we had some volunteer beans, and they are the same size as the replanted beans, so we didn’t really gain anything by being out there early.

Wheat harvest is still two weeks out. It is starting to yellow. I think we are probably going to see yields in the 50- to 70-bushel range. The rain and hail really didn’t affect the wheat too much. It was still green.

We’re going to try to finish our last bean planting today.… Continue reading

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Brad Mattix, Marion County, June 23

We still have a lot of spraying to be done. Guys have forced the sidedressing around here and there are guys around here who are still trying to get their first crop beans in the ground.

It just keeps raining. In the last two weeks we have gotten everything from 3.8 inches to 5.1 inches. The heat is helping but when you look around the neighborhood you just don’t see those nice, beautiful fields that you normally do. The corn is uneven and some fields look decent and some do not look very good at all. The earlier corn is getting past the V7 to V8 stage.

There is still a lot of replanting that needs to be done. We still have replanting to do but we haven’t been able to get in and do it. Friday was our last day for prevented planting insurance coverage. It looks like they are calling for rain all of this week.… Continue reading

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Jed Bower, Fayette County, June 23

It has been warm. We needed a little moisture and we got some. Where it was not drowned out, things are looking pretty good.

We actually had some corn rolling there the middle of last week, but then we got a shower that relieved the stress. We’ve gotten and inch to an inch and a half over the last couple of weeks. You don’t have to go too far and they got way too much rain. We haven’t really noticed any real insect pressure yet.

There are pockets of good areas with good color and it is nice and even. But then there are places where there is no corn at all. There are places where it looks really good and the poor spots are coming along. The corn looks beautiful color wise. The height doesn’t look as well with all of the water issues early on.

The beans are starting to get some height and bush out.… Continue reading

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Controlling marestail postemergence in corn

We have received more questions about postemergence marestail control in corn this year than the past 10 years combined.  We do not currently show effectiveness ratings on marestail for postemergence corn herbicides in the “Weed Control Guide for Ohio and Indiana” because of the previous lack of questions.  Dicamba, Liberty, and atrazine are really the only effective options here, and atrazine alone may not kill larger plants.  The HPPD inhibitors (group 27), Callisto, Impact/Armezon, and Laudis, and the PPO inhibitors (group 14), Cadet, Aim, and Resource, do not have adequate activity on marestail.  Use of ALS inhibiting herbicides (group 2) is also not advised due to the prevalence of ALS-resistant marestail populations.  A few other reminders:

• Status can be applied broadcast to corn up to 36 inches tall or V10 (rates up to 5 ounces per acre).

• For Clarity and other 4 pounds per gallon dicamba products, the general recommendations are:  up to 16 ounces product per acre – apply broadcast up to the 5-leaf stage or 8-inch corn; 8 ounces product per acre or less – apply broadcast or as a directed spray up to 36 inches tall or 15 days before tassel emergence, whichever occurs first. … Continue reading

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