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Syngenta corn seed settlement claims due Oct. 12

By Peggy Kirk Hall, Associate Professor and Director, OSU Agricultural & Resource Law Program

Those post cards advising producers of a $1.51 billion settlement in the Syngenta corn seed lawsuits are legitimate, and corn producers seeking compensation from the settlement must file claims by 11:59 p.m. on October 12, 2018. The settlement is the result of class action and individual lawsuits alleging that Syngenta failed to receive import approval from China before selling its genetically modified Viptera and Duracade seeds in the United States, which led to the rejection of U.S. corn shipments and a lowering of corn prices from 2013 to 2018.

Who can file a claim?

Three types of claimants that were involved in the U.S. corn market between Sept. 15, 2013 and April 10, 2018 may file claims.

  1. Corn producers, which includes any owner, operator, landlord or tenant who shared in the risk of producing any variety of corn, not just Syngenta varieties.
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Check beans for stink bug damage

By Kelley Tilmon, Andy Michel, Ohio State University Extension

As farmers progress with soybean harvest we encourage you to take a quick look at your grain quality, especially stink bug damage in soybeans at field edges. We have been receiving reports of the deformed and discolored beans typical of stink bug damage.

If your beans show signs of stink bug damage (or even if they don’t!) consider incorporating stink bug scouting into your management next year, beginning around pod set or early fill. Stink bugs are scoutable and treatable before damage occurs, and we will provide timely information next season in the CORN newsletter on when and how to monitor for this insect in soybeans. A quick guide to Ohio stink bugs and their management can be found here.

 

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New trade deal helps, but hurdles remain

The newly renegotiated trade agreement involving the United States, Canada and Mexico offers farmers a bit more security about markets for dairy, corn and other products, but hefty Mexican tariffs still in place hinder business, according to an agricultural trade specialist with The Ohio State University.

Under the new trade agreement, dairy farmers in the United States will have 3.75% more access to the Canadian dairy market. That means they’ll be able to sell more of their cheese, milk and other products there without those products getting taxed heavily at the Canadian border.

“Dairy farmers in Ohio should be happy,” said Ian Sheldon, an agricultural economist who serves as the Andersons Chair in Agricultural Marketing, Trade and Policy in the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES).

The agreement also reassures corn growers, who may have worried about not being able to sell to Mexico, a significant importer of U.S.

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Field Leader offers online research and conservation resources for Ohio soybean producers

As farming continues to change, it’s more important than ever for growers to stay on top of the latest agronomic research, technology trends and water quality best practices. That’s why the Ohio Soybean Council developed Field Leader, an online resource to give you access to the latest soybean checkoff research and water quality information to enhance Ohio’s soybean operations. The web resource highlights how checkoff-funded research is helping Ohio soybean farmers every day, visit www.ohiofieldleader.com.  Site visitors can sign up for the Field Leader newsletter to get the latest research information send directly to their inboxes.

Field Leader also provides a forum to recognize farmers who go the extra mile for conservation. Know someone who deserves to be recognized as a conservation field leader? Let the Ohio Soybean Council know by sending an email to jcoleman@soyohio.org.

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Agronomic price for high yields

By John Brien, AgriGold

The adage states there is nothing free in life and high yields in the corn and soybean fields in the Eastern Corn Belt are no different. While the growing season of 2018 has had its share of challenges, the overall trend has been for higher than normal yields. The start of planting was slightly delayed but when May rolled around planting happened rapidly. Once the crop was put into the ground it never looked back. There was plenty of heat, water and sunshine for much of the State. The trend continued shortly after pollination with plenty of timely rainfalls and adequate heat accumulation. All these ingredients have made for a big yield potential. But the adage that nothing is free in life is the theme growers need to be aware of during this harvest season.

Growing crops in the Eastern Corn Belt provides many challenges that are constant and often compounding.

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Tips for harvest and planning for the 2019 field season

By Anne Dorrance, Ohio State University Extension plant pathologist

There are some things to keep track of this fall as the combines run across the soybean fields.

  • Make note of those low yield spots in soybeans to soil sample for soybean cyst nematode levels.
  • Did you leave unsprayed strips? Harvest each of these first separately. Yield is not even throughout a field so comparisons to the average of these unsprayed strips are a more accurate measure of what the baseline level of yield is within a field. This is the number to compare yields for any treatments.
    • Note: the outside borders of the field are usually not comparable since these have additional secondary factors such as shade from trees, compaction, old fence rows etc. which can impact yield.
  • Fields with Sclerotinia should be harvested last. Yes, seed quality will continue to decline but this will avoid contaminating equipment with sclerotia, which can then be introduced into more fields.
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Wheat genome finally fully sequenced

By Lainey Wolf, National Association of Wheat Growers

After 12 years of research and the work of 20 countries, the genome of wheat has finally been sequenced. The complexity of the wheat genome made sequencing a long and difficult process. Now, the world’s most widely cultivated crop has each gene sequenced, and the possibilities are endless. With the use of this scientific breakthrough farmers and scientists can now coordinate to improve wheat production.

Wheat is most complex plant to be fully genetically sequenced, to date. Decoding the incredibly complex structure of the wheat genome is a major scientific breakthrough that will allow for future improvements in wheat production. Wheat has a genome five times larger than that of humans, with much of the DNA being highly repetitive. Additionally, the cells are hexaploid, meaning that there are six homologous pairs of chromosomes instead of just two. Now that each of the approximately 108,000 genes of wheat are known, it is time to finish figuring out exactly what each of them do.

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Different circumstances, same set of harvest challenges for Ohio’s corn crop

By Matt Reese

In what has been a tale of two Ohio growing seasons, the state’s corn crop has seen a widely divergent set of challenges, but may have similar harvest challenges that need to be monitored closely this harvest season.

While some northern corn suffered from delayed planting, excessive moisture and then dry conditions that could lead to stalk integrity concerns this fall, the lush growing conditions in the southern two-thirds of the state led to a nearly ideal early season for corn (and diseases).

“From U.S. 30 south seems to have a lot higher incidence of gray leaf spot (GLS) compared to what I’ve seen in the north,” said Roy Ulrich, DEKALB Asgrow technical agronomist. “We had GLS start on corn a lot earlier than we have typically seen. Last year we really didn’t start to see GLS until the middle or end of July in southern Ohio. This year we started picking up GLS at the end of June or first of July — almost a full month ahead of last year.

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Sprouting corn kernels

By Pierce Paul and Peter Thomison, Ohio State University Extension

We have received several reports of premature corn kernel sprouting across Ohio. The ear in the picture exhibiting premature sprouting was sampled from one of the Ohio Corn Performance Test plots at the NW Research Station and was associated Trichoderma ear rot. In this particular case, the fungus that causes the ear rot produces compounds that stimulates early germination. However, not all ear rots are commonly associated with premature sprouting. In fact, under the right set of conditions, this phenomenon may occur in perfectly healthy ears, without visual disease symptoms. In addition to ear rots, a combination of other factors, including erect ears, bird damage, and wet weather, may contribute to premature sprouting.

Premature sprouting is most likely to occur when reasonably dry kernels (less than about 20% grain moisture content) are re-wetted, especially when temperatures are warm and ear dry-down in an upright position.

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Hops production and management workshop

By Chris Zoller, Ohio State University Extension Educator

Are you looking for a way to diversify your farm income? If so, raising Hops may be of interest. The number of craft breweries has grown substantially in Ohio and many breweries are interested in sourcing locally grown hops.

The Tuscarawas County office of Ohio State University Extension will host a Hop Production & Management workshop on Oct. 25. The workshop will begin at 5 p.m. at the Mike McCoy Farm with a tour of the hop yard. Discussion will continue at 7 p.m. at the Bolivar Fire Department. Presenters include Brad Bergefurd, Horticulture/Hops Specialist, Ohio State University Extension; Andrew Marburger, Lockport Brewery; and Mike McCoy, Hops grower.

There is no cost to attend, but pre-registration is requested no later than Oct. 18. Reservations can be made by calling 330-339-2337.

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Stink bug damage in soybeans

By Matt Hutcheson, Seed Consultants, Inc.

Stink bug damage is becoming a greater concern in Eastern Corn Belt soybean fields, especially with the presence of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB), a species that has moved into our sales footprint in recent years. While other stink bugs cause damage, the BMSB is of special concern because it is an invasive species from Asia that was introduced into the United States within the last 20 years.

First discovered in Pennsylvania in 2001, the BMSB has continued to move west. Over the last few years, university experts and company agronomists have heard more reports of stink bug damage to soybeans. Growers scouting their soybean fields around harvest time may have seen some pods that were shriveled and/or soybean seed that was very small or appeared to be missing.

This damage may have been a result of stink bug feeding. Stink bugs prefer to feed on reproductive tissues, they have piercing mouthparts that allow them to feed on soybean seed in the pods of plants.

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Lingering issues from 2018’s crops, and plans for 2019

By Harold Watters, Ohio State University Extension agronomist

I like to think about how to improve on my crop every year. It looks like yields will be good, but I think I missed out on a few bushels. On my mind for 2019 are several items for both corn and soybeans.

For soybean variety selection, I comb the data. I have great friends with all the seed companies, and I want to buy from them all — but I really hold no loyalty to any one company. So I look at data, I often make a seed payment early, and sometimes commit to a particular variety, but I prefer to wait for university results to get a comparison across company offerings. I will also be looking hard for Frogeye leafspot resistance. I saw this disease everywhere this year so I need a boatload of protection. And for herbicide trait I am looking at LibertyLink again.

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Corn, soybean and wheat stocks above expectations

By Doug Tenney, Leist Mercantile

It was a surprise that all the numbers for grain stocks were above expectations.

The USDA report today is a quarterly grain stocks report published four times a year.

Today the USDA had corn stocks at 2.14 billion bushels, soybeans of 438 million bushels, and wheat at 2.38 billion bushels.

Just ahead of the report, corn was down 1 cent, soybeans up 1 cent, while wheat was down 4 cents. Shortly after the report, corn was down 6 cents, soybeans down 9 cents, while wheat was    down 4 cents.

As of mid-morning for the week, corn was up 7 cents, soybeans up 5 cents, with wheat down 13 cents. Mid-morning for the month, corn was down 1 cent, soybeans up 9 cents, with wheat down 37 cents.

Trader estimates ahead of the noon report had September 1st corn stocks of 2.010 billion bushels, soybean stocks of 401 million bushels, and wheat stocks at 2.343 billion bushels.

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Glyphosate and science

Glyphosate weed killer has been in the news in recent months. In August, a jury awarded $289 million in damages to a California pesticide applicator who sued Monsanto over the claim that glyphosate caused his cancer. However, pesticide applicators have also received reassurances from the 2018 Agricultural Health Study and other risk assessments that glyphosate is not carcinogenic at real-world exposure levels.

Since 1993, the U.S. Agricultural Health Study has examined how agricultural practices affect cancer and health outcomes among licensed pesticide applicators. An analysis in 2001 showed no significant associations between glyphosate and cancer. In 2018, an updated analysis of the Agricultural Health Study data included 54,252 pesticide applicators and 5,779 cancer cases. No association was found between glyphosate and any solid tumors or lymphoid malignancies, including non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

While there was some indication of increased risk of acute myeloid leukemia in the highest exposure quartile, this association was not statistically significant.

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Sprouting soybeans

By Laura Lindsey, Ohio State University Extension

We’ve received a few pictures from around the state of green soybean pods splitting and also seed sprouting out of pods. While it is not uncommon to see pre-harvest pod shatter just prior to harvest due to re-wetting of dry pods, the pictures we’ve received have been of soybeans at the R6 growth stage.

Splitting of green pods may be related to the recent warm, wet (high intensity rainfall), and humid weather. (The Western Agricultural Research Station in Clark County had a high temperature of ≥93 degrees F over a three day period in September followed by 3.5 inches of rain in a four day period.) Wet conditions at the R6 growth stage results in a large seed size that may split pods. Once the soybean pod is open, the seed is susceptible to pre-harvest sprout (germination of seed in the pod prior to harvest).

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Anthony Bush shares his thoughts as he nears the end NCGA term

A conversation with…

Anthony Bush, a Morrow County farmer who is finishing up his six-year term of service on the National Corn Growers Association Board (interviewed by Dale Minyo)

 

Q: How many years now have you been running around the countryside serving corn growers on several different boards?

Anthony: I’ve been on the National Corn Growers Board for six years. I actually term off here at the end of September. So, I’ll have completed my eligible service and I can’t believe how fast six years went, but it sure has been rewarding.

 

Q: Let’s talk about that, because as people think about volunteering time, and serving local boards, state boards, or in this case, national and probably some international travel. As you look back on it, was it the right thing to do?

Anthony: Oh, it absolutely was. I just feel like I’ve grown as a farmer and, in some cases, grown from hotel food too.

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Chlorpyrifos ruling getting another look

The Department of Justice (DOJ) recently decided to request a rehearing of a pesticide case before the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals. DOJ has asked for a panel rehearing and a rehearing en banc in a case in which the court directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to ban chlorpyrifos, a common and useful pesticide, within 60 days.

“USDA disagrees with the ruling ordering EPA to revoke tolerances and cancel registrations for chlorpyrifos. The decision appears to be based on a misunderstanding of both the available scientific information and EPA’s pesticide regulatory system. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and other groups have pointed out significant flaws in the draft chlorpyrifos assessments on which the court based its opinion, and USDA supports EPA’s conclusion that the available scientific evidence does not indicate the need for a total ban on the use of chlorpyrifos. EPA should be allowed to continue its ongoing science-based and expert-led evaluation of chlorpyrifos, which is part of EPA’s registration review program that covers all pesticides,” said Sonny Perdue, U.S.

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The Xenia effect in corn

By Matt Hutcheson, Seed Consultants, Inc.

The Xenia Effect refers to the effect of foreign pollen on kernel characteristics. Cross-pollination occurs in corn because it is a monecious, which means that it has both male (the tassel) and female (the ear) flowers on a single plant.

The Xenia effect occurs when pollen from the tassel of one corn variety moves from one field to another, landing on the silks of another variety which fertilizes and produces kernels on the ear.

The picture above is an example of the Xenia effect, found by a Seed Consultants’ agronomist. Flint (also known as “Indian” corn) was planted a short distance from a field of hybrid dent corn. Both the flint corn and dent corn were flowering at the same time, allowing the flint corn to pollinate some kernels on the dent ears. The cross-pollination exhibited by the Xenia Effect can influence testing procedures and production of specialty corn crops.

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Ohio Crop Progress — September 24, 2018

Hot, Dry Weather Encouraged Harvest

Producers avoided delays and got harvest underway last week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA, NASS, Ohio Field Office. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending September 23. Rain received last week mostly fell in southern and eastern Ohio. Harvest moved along well. The decrease in soil moisture levels made for better harvesting conditions. Corn for silage was coming off at a good pace. Corn for grain and soybean harvests began slowly in some areas. Field conditions allowed some produces to plant winter wheat. The average moisture content of corn harvested last week was 22 percent, and the average for soybeans was 14 percent.

Click here to see the full report.

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Diversified Agri-Services Inc. partners with Axis Seed

Blake and Nicki Rossel, owners of Diversified Agri-Services Inc. are excited to announce they have become a distributor for Axis Seed.

“After careful consideration we feel the unique business model that AXIS provides will be a huge benefit to our customers. We realize there are a lot of seed companies vying for your business, however very few of them are willing to make the effort to understand each operation” Blake said.

Similar to Diversified Ag, Axis Seed is independently owned and counter culture to the trend of consolidation in the agricultural industry. Diversified Agri-Services Inc. has been family owned since it was founded in 1978 by David and Linda Karcher.

“Ohio is different than other areas of the country. What works in Illinois and Iowa may not be the best solution for growers here in Ohio. Blake and his team at Diversified Ag have built a solid business with this same belief.

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