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2020 Ohio Crop Progress Update

Significant rainfall slowed progress

A modest amount of field work occurred in the state due to increased rain, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. High amounts of precipitation caused localized flooding throughout the state, bringing planting progress to a halt in most areas. Although reporters suspected some damage occurred to recently planted crops, most noted that it was too early to tell how severe that damage was. Average temperatures for the week were close to historical normals and the entire state averaged just under 3 inches of precipitation. There were 1.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 24.

Despite increased amounts of rain, farmers were able to continue small amounts of spraying activities and began hay cutting. Topsoil moisture increased from 29% surplus last week to 56% surplus this week. Corn planted progress was 66%, 2 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans planted progress remained ahead of the five-year average by 9 percentage points.

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Planting continued as temperatures remained cool

While temperatures remained cool throughout the state, farmers made good planting progress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Some damage was reported to winter wheat from freezing temperatures early in the week while rain activity late in the week may have caused damage to crops not yet emerged. Average temperatures for the week were below historical normals and the entire state averaged close to 1-inch precipitation. There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 17.

Farmers continued tillage and spraying activities. Large increases in corn and soybeans planting were reported in the Northwest portion of the state. Corn planted progress was 57 percent, 8 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans planted progress was ahead of the five-year average while soybeans emerged was behind the five-year average due to recent cooler than normal temperatures slowing germination. Sixty-six percent of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to 53 percent last year.

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May 11 shows some planting progress despite cold weather

Farmers made planting progress last week despite temperatures averaging more than 10 degrees below normal, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Freezing temperatures late in the week endangered crops already emerged and caused damage to fruit trees in bloom. The entire State averaged less than 1 inch of precipitation. There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 10.

In addition to planting farmers installed tile, tilled soil, sprayed herbicides, and applied fertilizer. Sixty- nine percent of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to 51 percent last year. Oats were 46 percent emerged compared to a five- year average of 48 percent. Corn planted progress was 33 percent, 3 percentage points behind the five-year average. Last week, farmers in Northwest Ohio pushed their planters hard, planting corn and soybeans at a rapid clip.

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May brings progress with fieldwork and planting

Typical Spring weather conditions allowed operators to work the fields, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Average temperatures were slightly above historical normals and the entire State averaged just about 1 inch of precipitation. There were 2.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 3.

Last week farmers applied fertilizer, repaired tiles, applied manure, and planted corn and soybeans where they could. Pasture and range condition was considered 66% good or excellent compared to 46% last year. Oats were 36% emerged compared to a five-year average of 30%. Corn planted progress was ahead of last year but behind the five-year average while soybean planted progress was ahead of last year and the five-year average.

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Corn and soybean planting getting started

Farmers planted some of the first 2020 corn and soybean fields in Ohio last week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Temperatures averaged 5 degrees cooler than historical normals and the entire State averaged normal amounts of precipitation last week. There were 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 26.

Fields were dry enough most of the week and farmers worked the ground, sprayed weeds, spread manure and fertilizers, and tiled fields. Corn and soybean planting began in earnest on some farms. Freezing temperatures, mainly in the north, caused damage to some orchard blossoms and alfalfa fields. Oats were 18% emerged compared to a five-year average of 16%. The winter wheat crop was rated 71% good to excellent condition compared to 29% last year.

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Crop Progress: Wheat jointing, Oats being planted

Rain fell and fields remained too wet for most equipment, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Temperatures averaged 4 degrees higher than historical normals and the entire State averaged about an inch of rain. There were 2.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 12. Oats planted progress jumped to 24 percent complete last week despite the short window for fieldwork. Other field activity was limited and ranged from manure hauling, spraying weeds, to tiling fields. Top dressing of winter wheat with nitrogen continued although consistent rain threatened to wash away application effectiveness. Hay fields and pastures continued to slowly green up even as soil moisture levels remained mostly surplus.… Continue reading

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