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Ohio hog inventory down 2%, U.S. up 1%

Ohio hog producers had 1.99 million hogs on hand March 1, 2011, down 2% from last quarter and from a year ago, according to the March 25 Hogs and Pigs Report from the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. The number of market hogs, at 1,820,000 head, was down 2% from last quarter and from last year. Breeding stock, at 170,000 head, was unchanged from last quarter and from last year.

The pig crop during the December-February 2011 quarter numbered 837,000 head, unchanged from last quarter but 1% above last year. The number of sows farrowed during the December-February 2011 quarter, at 89,000, was unchanged from last quarter and from last year. Pigs saved per litter averaged 9.4, unchanged from last quarter but up 1% from last year.

Ohio producers intend to farrow 85,000 sows during the March-May 2011quarter, 4,000 head below a year earlier. Farrowing intentions for the summer quarter, June-August 2011, is 88,000 sows, 3,000 head below the same quarter of 2010.

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on March 1, 2011 was 64.0 million head. This was up 1% from March 1, 2010, but down 1% from December 1, 2010.

Breeding inventory, at 5.79 million head, was up slightly from last year, and up slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 58.2 million head, was up 1% from last year, but down 1% from last quarter.

The December 2010-February 2011 pig crop, at 28.0 million head, was up 1% from 2010 but down 2% from 2009. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.86 million head, down 1% from 2010 and down 5% from 2009. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 49% of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 9.80 for the December 2010-February 2011 period, compared to 9.61 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.50 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.90 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.85 million sows farrow during the March-May 2011 quarter, down 3% from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2010, and down 5% from 2009. Intended farrowings for June-August 2011, at 2.87 million sows, are down 3% from 2010 and down 3% from 2009.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 46% of the total United States hog inventory, up from 44% last year.

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